Paul Quinn College
|Motto||WE Over Me|
|Affiliation||African Methodist Episcopal Church|
|President||Michael J. Sorrell, Esq.|
Dallas, Texas, |
32°40′38″N 96°45′18″W / 32.677097°N 96.754935°WCoordinates: 32°40′38″N 96°45′18″W / 32.677097°N 96.754935°W
Purple, Black, and Gold|
|Athletics||Red River Athletic Conference|
|Affiliations||Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools|
Paul Quinn College (abbreviated as PQC) is a private, historically black college (HBCU) located on 144 acres just south of downtown Dallas, Texas, United States. The college is affiliated with the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME).
Paul Quinn College is the oldest historically black college west of the Mississippi River and the nation's first urban work college. HBCU Digest named Paul Quinn "2011 HBCU of the Year" and voted the college "the 5th most underrated HBCU in the nation". In 2012, HBCU Digest also named the College's student government association the "2012 HBCU Student Government Association of the Year" and named the College President, Michael J. Sorrell, the "2012 HBCU Male President of the Year".
The college was founded in 1872 in Austin, Texas by a small group of African Methodist Episcopal preachers at Metropolitan A.M.E. Church. Originally, the college was called the Connectional High School and Institute. The school’s original purpose was to educate freedmen and their children.
In 1877, the College moved from Austin to Waco, and was renamed Waco College. Classes were held in a modest one-building trade school; freedmen were taught the skills of blacksmithing, carpentry, tanning, and saddle work, common occupations for the area, especially in the increasingly segregated state. This was the model established by the Tuskegee Institute.
Later, under the direction of Bishop William Paul Quinn (1788–1873), A.M.E. districts were developed throughout the South and tasked with raising funds to improve the College. During this period, more than twenty acres of additional land was purchased and the curriculum was expanded to include the classical subjects of Latin, mathematics, music, theology, English, plus vocational skills in carpentry, sewing, and household, kitchen, and dining room work. In May 1881, the College was chartered by the State of Texas and changed its name to Paul Quinn College to commemorate the contributions of Bishop William Paul Quinn.
Expansion and improvements
The campus was expanded, with new buildings constructed with capital raised from interested patrons. In 1950, the College began significant physical expansion. A campus church, student union building, gymnasium and administration building were erected between 1950 and 1954. Two new dormitories, a modern two-story classroom building, a fully equipped science department, and a new library were added to the campus.
In spring of 1954, the Waco Chamber of Commerce successfully completed a campaign which raised $100,000 for a new women’s dormitory to replace one destroyed by fire. Bishop O.L. Sherman was assigned to supervise the work of the A.M.E. Church in Texas in 1962. His first official act was to have the Charter of the College changed so that trustees could be elected without regard to race, creed, or color. Because of this significant innovation, new leaders from Central Texas were added to the Board of Trustees.
Dr. Stanley E. Rutland became President of the College in 1969. Under his leadership, the physical plant of the College continued to improve. Among the changes were the addition of a new gymnasium, the renovation of historic Johnson Hall, and the development of the Ethnic Cultural Center. Under Dr. Rutland, the College received accreditation in 1972 with the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) for the first time.
Move to Dallas
The College relocated to southeast Dallas, Texas in 1990. It acquired the former campus of Bishop College from African-American businessman Comer J. Cottrell. During the first semester in its new home, the College boasted an enrollment of 1,020 students and became the only HBCU in the Dallas-Fort Worth area.
In 2006, Board of Trustees member Peggy Sterling and her employer, American Airlines, secured the services of global management-consulting firm the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) to analyze the operations and performance of the College. BCG’s work ultimately provided the Institution with a blueprint that eventually became the College’s Strategic Plan from 2007-2012.
In September 2007, Michael J. Sorrell, Esq., a former member of the Board of Trustees, was selected as president, after having served as the interim president since March of that year. Sorrell quickly established an aggressive agenda designed to transform the school into one of America’s great small colleges.
Since his arrival, the college has raised academic standards and embarked on an ambitious revitalization of the campus, which has included spending over $4 million in capital improvements. It has reduced institutional debt by 40 percent and resolved all previous issues with the audit findings.
Sorrell instituted a "business casual" dress code on campus in order to prepare students for work life after college. His next set of plans for the college call for an increased commitment to recruitment and retention.
In 2009, the College's accreditation was challenged by SACS, based on problems with institutional effectiveness and financial stability. Following a lawsuit, a judge issued an injunction which reinstated accreditation prior to hearing of the lawsuit.
Since that time, Sorrell has continued improvements: the College produced over $2 million in budget surpluses in fiscal 2009, 2010, and 2011; achieved unqualified audits for 2009 and 2010; invested more than $4 million in infrastructure improvements without adding any debt; and formed a groundbreaking partnership with PepsiCo to convert an unused football stadium into a fully operational urban farm.
As of 2016, Paul Quinn is one of only eight work colleges in the nation and the first to be in an urban environment.
In 2016, Paul Quinn implemented the African-American Leadership Institute. President Sorrell stated the institute is Paul Quinn's attempt to address economic development, educational, public policy, and leadership development in the North Texas African-American community.
- Bachelor of Science in Business Administration: Accounting
- Bachelor of Science in Business Administration: Management
- Bachelor of Science in Business Administration: Social Entrepreneurship
- Bachelor of Science in Business Administration: Fundraising and Philanthropy
- Bachelor of Science in Legal Studies
- Bachelor of Science in Interdisciplinary Studies (EC-6)
- Bachelor of Science in Liberal Arts
- Bachelor of Science in Religious Studies
- Bachelor of Science in Health and Wellness
- Bachelor of Science in Computer Science
- Bachelor of Science in Biology
The WE over Me Farm at Paul Quinn College
The WE over Me Farm at Paul Quinn College, formerly called the Food for Good Farm at Paul Quinn College, began as an answer to the food desert conditions in the Southern sector of Dallas. In 2008, college president Michael Sorrell, who had shuttered the school's football program shortly after taking office in 2007, talked with a real estate investor about devoting a tract of land to community farming. Although the idea of using the former football field was initially a joke by Sorrell, it soon became reality.
The reconstruction of the football field into a 100-yard farm that produces spinach, herbs, watermelon, potatoes, sweet potatoes, arugula, and other produce has produced partnerships with Yale University and other institutions for the continued study of the impact of urban farming. The dedication of the farm was on May 10, 2010. The farm tithes 10 percent of the gross yield to the community. Even before the farm was officially dedicated, it had picked up a major customer in Legends Hospitality, a venue management firm partially owned by the Dallas Cowboys that provides food services for the Cowboys' AT&T Stadium. Yahoo! Sports reported in 2013 that the farm will produce about 17,500 pounds of food for AT&T Stadium in the 2013 football season.
In April 2011, the farm hosted its first major fundraising event. "A Community Cooks" featured 13 top local chefs cooking various dishes for the community. Will Allen, the keynote speaker, is a MacArthur Fellow and one of the foremost thinkers on urban farming. "A Community Cooks" is an annual event.
Citing health concerns, in August 2012, Paul Quinn banned pork and pork products from campus.
We Are Not Trash
The College ended 2011 locked in a battle with the city of Dallas over the McCommas Bluff Landfill, which is approximately 1.5 miles east of the campus. The city's decision to re-route all of Dallas' waste to the landfill, effectively transforming it into one of the largest landfills in the southwest, infuriated the student population. This anger was exacerbated by the fact the school is located in the middle of an area the United States Department of Agriculture has labeled a food desert.
In June 2011, the students organized a town hall meeting and invited city officials to explain the efficacy of expanding the landfill. More than 250 residents attended. This was the largest town hall meeting in this city council district in more than 20 years. The town hall meeting eventually turned into "I AM NOT TRASH", two student-led demonstrations at the Dallas City Hall. Despite the students efforts, the city council voted 8-7 to move forward with the plans to dump all the city's waste into the landfill without any prior study as to the effect of such a decision.
In response, the Quinnite Nation mobilized into WE ARE NOT TRASH, a student-led, community-oriented effort to advocate for thoughtful, citizen-oriented policy-making from their elected leaders. On Saturday, November 5, 2011, approximately 500 people marched alongside a group of civic leaders from south Dallas across one of the Trinity River bridges into Downtown Dallas.
Trayvon Martin Verdict
On March 23, 2012, hundreds of community members joined Paul Quinn students to protest the shooting of 17-year-old Trayvon Martin in Sanford, Florida by George Zimmerman on February 26 of the same year.
August 6, 2013, Vice-President of Content with HBCU Buzz Inc., Robert K. Hoggard wrote, "Incensed by the legal protections that led to Zimmerman’s acquittal for the killing of Trayvon Martin, Paul Quinn College, a historically black college in Southern Dallas, is offering the new $7,500 Scholarship for Social Justice to a student who shows potential to bring about change in the community and in the justice system."
Paul Quinn teams, nicknamed the Tigers, are part of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), primarily competing in the Red River Athletic Conference (RRAC). Men's sports include basketball, cross country and track & field; women's sports also include basketball, cross country and track & field.
Paul Quinn teams have won 18 conference championships since 1983. The men's basketball team won two national championships in the early 1990s. The men's track & field team won two Regional Red River Men's Track & Field Conference Championships, in 2006 and 2007.
Student organizations on campus include the Student Government Association, class organizations, the Vocal Ensemble, and the PQC Spirit Team. Furthermore, students can be initiated into honor societies, such as Phi Delta Kappa and Alpha Chi National College Honor Society, as well as National Pan-Hellenic Council fraternities and sororities Alpha Phi Alpha, Alpha Kappa Alpha, Kappa Alpha Psi, Omega Psi Phi, Delta Sigma Theta, Phi Beta Sigma, Zeta Phi Beta and Sigma Gamma Rho.
Since the 2007 academic year, the College has embraced a strict "business casual" dress code. Students are not allowed to wear jeans, flip flops, gym shoes, pajama bottoms, sweatsuits, or shirts without collars outside the dormitories.
The John Hurst Adams Administrative Building, formerly Price-Branch Classroom Building, contains the presidential suite administrative offices and classrooms. In the fall of 2011, two fully interactive technology classrooms were built on the second level of the building. These classrooms have state of the art video conferencing capability.
The Isabel and Comer Cottrell Student Union Building, also known as the SUB, was completed in 1970. The SUB includes the cafe, the Tiger's Den, the student lounge, and the student workout facility. In the fall of 2012, the institution will convert the student workout facility into the Quinnite Retention Center, a 24-hour study facility that will aide in the College's efforts to improve retention rates. The space that was formerly the campus bookstore will now be a state of the art gym facility that students, staff, and faculty can use. The Grand Lounge is the campus' primary meeting space. It is also where the weekly Chapel services are held.
The Richard Allen Chapel, formerly Carr P. Collins Chapel, completed in 1970, is currently under renovation. The lawn of the Chapel is the venue for the annual commencement exercises. Completed in 1970, it serves as the religious education building.
The gymnasium was completed in 1961. In spring 2011, the gymnasium was outfitted with a new HVAC system.
Zale Library was completed in 1963. The library contains a 9x23 foot mural that was painted by artist Louis Freund in 1968. The mural depicts the progression and struggles of African-Americans in the pursuit of an education. In spring 2011, more than 900 volumes of legal publications were donated by Hunton & Williams, LLP to start the Paul Quinn College Law Library.
The school has one residence hall, the Lucy Hughes Hall, formerly Pearl C. Anderson hall. the dormitory for females opened in 1969 as a facility of Bishop College. It currently serves men and women. The other dormitory buildings were demolished in a 15-building demolition that began in 2010.
- Dick Campbell - theater producer and director in New York, helped launch the career of Ossie Davis
- Andy Cooper- Negro Leagues pitcher for the Detroit Stars and the Kansas City Monarchs, inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame in 2006
- Mims Hackett - member New Jersey General Assembly, 27th District, 2002–2007
- Christopher Saunders - sports broadcaster for ZNS-TV-13 Broadcasting in the Bahamas
- Toni Rose - member of the Texas House of Representatives
- Frank Sims - retired Corporate VP of Transportation & Supply Chain Solutions, Cargill Inc.; former Chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
- Hiawatha Williams - entrepreneur, founder of Williams Chicken
- Korey Williams - Canadian Football League player
- Nuru Witherspoon - Partner at Kelley|Witherspoon, LLP
In popular culture
- "HBCU Awards", HBCU Digest
- "Paul Quinn College". Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- , Texas State History Online
- , Paul Quinn College Website
- "Dressing Like the Big Man on Campus," Fox News. Accessed September 28, 2008.
- "Paul Quinn Loses Accreditation". Inside Higher Ed. Jun 26, 2009. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- "Questions Regarding Status of Paul Quinn College" (PDF). Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. December 10, 2010. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
- "PepsiCo and Paul Quinn College Seed a New Enterprise with the Creation of an Urban Farm From a Football Field", Press Release, Fritolay.
- Marybeth Gasman, "There's Something Good Happening in Texas", Chronicle of Higher Education, July 1, 2010
- "Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools: Institutions". Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools. 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-14.
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- "About Us". Legends Hospitality. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
- D Magazine: http://sidedish.dmagazine.com/2011/04/15/photos-from-paul-quinn-colleges-a-community-cooks/
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- Dallas South News: http://www.dallassouthnews.org/2011/03/31/urban-farming-icon-and-top-dallas-chefs-coming-to-paul-quinn-college-on-april-14th/
- Dallas Morning News: http://www.dallasnews.com/lifestyles/food/shopping/20110405-at-paul-quinn-food-replaces-football.ece
- Dallas Observer: http://blogs.dallasobserver.com/cityofate/2011/03/chefs_rally_around_paul_quinn.php
- Dallas Morning News: http://oakcliffblog.dallasnews.com/archives/2011/04/-the-food-for-good.html
- The Dallas Morning News: http://www.dallasnews.com/news/columnists/norma-adams-wade/20110412-paul-quinn-farm-fundraiser-to-feature-trammell-s.-crow-executive-chefs-agriculture-guru-.ece
- NBCDFW: http://www.nbcdfw.com/news/local/Trash-to-Treasure-Plan-Gains-Ground-129422743.html
- Dallas Morning News: http://cityhallblog.dallasnews.com/archives/2011/09/citys-trash-control-plan-gains.html
- KERA: http://www.publicbroadcasting.net/kera/news.newsmain/article/0/0/1855209/North.Texas/Protesters.Rally.In.Downtown.Dallas
- Dallas Morning News: http://www.dallasnews.com/opinion/editorials/20110831-editorial-suhm-should-detail-community-benefits-in-garbage-plan-.ece
- Dallas Morning News: http://cityhallblog.dallasnews.com/archives/2011/09/protest-over-dallas-trash-plan.html
- 24Wired.TV: http://24wired.tv/16284/paul-quinn-college-trashes-dallas-landfill-proposal/
- Dallas South News: http://www.dallassouthnews.org/2011/06/29/trash-talk-paul-quinn-college/
- BlackAmericaWeb.com: http://www.blackamericanweb.com/?q=articles/news/moving_america_news/30454
- Dallas Observer: http://blogs.dallasobserver.com/unfairpark/2011/10/tired_of_being_ignored_and_ins.php
- Dallas Observer: http://blogs.dallasobserver.com/unfairpark/2011/09/paul_quinn_president_sorrell_w.php
- The Dallas Morning News: http://cityhallblog.dallasnews.com/archives/2011/10/paul-quinn-students-to-march-o.html
- The Dallas Morning News: http://www.dallasnews.com/news/community-news/dallas/headlines/20111105-marchers-protest-dallas-city-councils-decision-to-expand-mccommas-bluff-landfill.ece
- WFAA: http://www.wfaa.com/news/local/Dallas-residents-march-for-groceries-not-garbage-133309378.html
- WFAA: http://www.wfaa.com/news/Dallas-residents-march-for-groceries-not-garbage-133309378.html
- The Dallas Morning News: http://www.dallasnews.com/opinion/north-south-dallas-project/viewpoints/20111103-paul-quinn-students-why-do-we-march-because-we-are-not-trash.ece
- Robert K Hoggard. "Verdict in Trayvon Martin case inspires scholarship at Paul Quinn College". hbcubuzz.com. Washington DC: HBCU Buzz Inc.
- "Visit us." Paul Quinn College. Retrieved on February 16, 2012.
- http://chrisasaunders.blogspot.com Chris Saunders on set at TV-13 in The Bahamas
- "Korey Williams". nwosu.edu. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- The Chronicle of Higher Education: At Paul Quinn, Students Till the Soil to Cultivate a Better College
- Dallas Morning News: Paul Quinn students to march on City Hall over trash plans
- Dallas Morning News: Paul Quinn students: Why do we march? Because we are not trash
- Handpicked Nation: A Smart Play
- HBCU Digest: Paul Quinn Wins 'HBCU of the Year' Award at Inaugural HBCU Awards Ceremony
- The New York Times: New Leader Changing Paul Quinn College With Prose and Patience
- The Wall Street Journal: Recruiters at Black Colleges Break From Tradition