Patwardhan is an Indian Chitpavan Brahmin family and surname, whose members controlled several jagirs in the Maratha Empire and several small princely states in British India. The jagirs and princely states ruled by Patwardhan families include Jamkhandi, Kurundvad Senior, Kurundvad Junior, Miraj Senior, Miraj Junior, Tasgaon and Sangli.
The Miraj fort was given to a Patwardhan family by Madhavrao Peshwa as a reward to Govind hari Patwardhan as bhehada (jagir) for fighting in the wars and providing troop.
The Patwardhan dynasty of Sangli is descended from Govind Hari Patwardhan (1741–1771) and his brothers Trimbak Hari and Ramchandra Hari, three military commanders of the Maratha Empire. They and their armies expanded the southern frontier of the empire to the Tungabhadra River. They were each rewarded for their efforts with a jagir, together covering all the land between the Tungabhadra and Krishna Rivers. Although significantly reduced in size, their jagirs were later to be raised to the status of states under the British Raj, and the rajas of Jamkhandi, Kurundwad, Miraj and Sangli were all lineal descendants of the Patwardhan brothers. Gopalrao Patwardhan son of Govid Hari was a very influential in court of Madhavrao Peshwa.
Ramchandra established the capital of his jagir at Tasgaon, while Trimbak chose Kurundwad. Govind, the eldest brother, established his capital at Miraj and resided there until his death on 21 November 1771. He had four sons: Gopalrao, Wamanrao, Pandurangrao and Gangadharrao. His jagir was inherited by Wamanrao, as his eldest son Gopalrao had died in battle on 17 January the same year, prior to his own death. Wamanrao also died young, on 2 October 1775, and Pandurangrao succeeded him.
When the First Anglo-Maratha War broke out, Pandurangrao's brother Parshuram Bhau, a general in the Marathi army, gained great distinction among the peshwa's generals for successful ventures against the British. Pandurangrao was less successful, and was captured during battle against the forces of Hyder Ali of Mysore; he died in prison on 4 November 1777. Pandurangrao's eldest son, Hariharrao, at that time a minor, succeeded to the jagir, with his uncle Parshurambhau appointed regent. In 1779, Parshurambhau gained further favour with the peshwa when he led a successful operation against British forces under General Thomas Goddard. In 1783, Parshurambhau had the jagadir Hariharrao replaced by his younger brother Chintamanrao, who was nine years old at the time, and thus preserved his own term as regent.
After the Treaty of Salbai aligned the Marathi with the British, the three Patwardhan chiefs lent their armies in the British campaign against Tipu Sultan. They gained a reputation of heroism and success in battle. Their contributions became highly valued by the British, and in 1804 Arthur Wellesley called the Patwardhans "the most ancient friends that the British Government have in the Maratha Empire" and "the most respectable of all the Peshwa's subjects properly so called".
Chintamanrao eventually founded the state of Sangli, while Parshurambhau founded the state of Jamkhandi.
The Karhade Patwardhans only belong to the Kashyapa and Naidhruva Gotra and their history in the Rajapur region of the Konkan dates back to 1191 A.D. Copper plate grants have been recovered from the region, which also points to a Gurjar element in these settlers. Today the Karhade Patwardhans are also known by some other surnames such as Gurjar, Padhye, Bhat, Degwekar, Shouche and Huzurbazar.
Royal Patwardhan families
The Patwardhan rulers were of the Chitpavan Brahmin caste, originally from the Kotawda (Kotawde) in Ratnagiri. Haribhat, who was the family priest of another Chitpavan Brahmin, the chief of Ichalkaranji. Three of Haribhat's sons served Peshwa and distinguished themselves during various conquests. The Peshwa awarded them Jagirs of Jamkhandi, Miraj, Sangli and Kurundwad, to honor their bravery and courage.
- Meherban Trimbakrao I [Appasaheb] Patwardhan 1733/1771
- Meherban Neelkanthrao Trimbakrao [Dadasaheb] Patwardhan 1771
- Meherban Raghunathrao I Neelkanthrao [Dadasaheb] Patwardhan 1771/1801
- Meherban Trimbakrao II Raghunathrao [Appasaheb] Patwardhan 1801
- Meherban Keshvrao Trimbakrao [Babasaheb] Patwardhan -/1827
- Meherban Raghunathrao II Keshavrao [Dadasaheb] Patwardhan 1827/1876 (Kurundwad Sr.)*
- Meherban Chintamanrao I Raghunathrao [Balasaheb] Patwardhan 1876/1908
- Meherban Bhalchandrarao I Chintamanrao [Annasaheb] Patwardhan 1908/1927
- Raja Shrimant Chintamanrao II Bhalchandrarao Balasaheb Patwardhan 1927/1980
- Raja Shrimant Bhalchandrarao II Chintamanrao Patwardhan, Raja of Kurundwad-Snr (1980/-)
- Shrimant Yuvaraj Raghunathrao III Bhalchandrarao Balasaheb Patwardhan
- Raja Shrimant Hariharrao Keshavrao [Bhausaheb] Patwardhan 1854/- (co-ruler)
- Raja Shrimant Trimbakrao Keshavrao [Aabasaheb] Patwardhan 1854/1869
- Raja Shrimant Ganpatrao I Hariharrao [Bapusaheb] Patwardhan 1846 (1854)/1899 (co-ruler)
- HH Raja Shrimant Madhavrao Ganpatrao [Bhausaheb] Patwardhan 1899/1931
- HH Raja Shrimant Ganpatrao II Madhavrao [Bapusaheb] Patwardhan 1931/1942 [ Born 09-03-1900 - 09-11-1942 ], Recipient of King George V Silver Jubilee Medal & King George VI Coronation Medal as a hereditory distingtion.
- Hon. Major HH Raja Shrimant Raghunathrao Ganpatrao [Dadasaheb] Patwardhan,Hon. ADC to the 1st President of India, Recipient of the Independence Medal, Recipient of King George V Silver Jubilee Medal & King George VI Coronation Medal [ hereditory distingtion ]-1942/2007. [ Born 01-01-1922 ].
- HH Raja Shrimant Hariharrao Raghunathrao [Bapusaheb] Patwardhan,19-02-2007,[ Born 15-06-1955 ].
- Yuvaraj Shrimant Ganpatrao Hariharrao [Babasaheb] (Harshwardhan) Patwardhan [ Born 06-01-1980 ]
- Raja Shrimant Vinayakrao Keshavrao [Appasaheb] Patwardhan 1854/1876 (co-ruler)
- Raja Shrimant Hariharrao Vinayakrao [Dajisaheb] Patwardhan 1876/1911
- Raja Shrimant Vinayakrao Hariharrao [Nanasaheb] Patwardhan 1911/1932
- Raja Shrimant Trimbakrao Hariharrao [Bapusaheb] Patwardhan 1932/1934
- Raja Shrimant Ganpatrao Trimbakrao [Tatyasaheb] Patwardhan 1934/2004
- Raja Shrimant Govindrao Ganpatrao Patwardhan 2004 -
- Raja Govind Rao Patwardhan – 1750–1771
- Raja VAMAN RAO Patwardhan 1771/1775
- Raja PANDURANG RAO Patwardhan 1775/1777
- Raja HARIHAR RAO Patwardhan 1777/1782
- Raja CHINTAMAN RAO Patwardhan [APPA SAHEB] 1782/1801 (Later 1st Rao of Sangli).
- Raja GANGADHAR RAO Patwardhan 1801/1820
- Raja Ganpatrao I Patwardhan 1820/1833 (Miraj Sr.) (Split into Miraj Sr & Jr.)
- Raja Ganpatrao II Patwardhan 1833/1875
- HH Raja Shrimant Sir Gangadharrao Ganpatrao [Bala Saheb] Patwardhan, KCIE, 1875/1939 [ Born 06-02-1866 ]
- Hon. Lt. HH Raja Shrimant Narayanrao Gangadharrao [Tatya Saheb] Patwardhan, [ KCO ] 1939/-1984 [ Born 1898 ]
- HH Raja Shrimant Madhavrao Narayanrao [Rao Saheb] Patwardhan -/1999 [ Born 1922-1999 ]
- HH Raja Shrimant Gangadharao [Balasaheb] Patwardhan 1999 - [ 27-07-1946 ]
- Yuvaraj Shrimant Ramchandrarao [ Ramraje ] Gangadharrao Patwardhan [1970-2012 ]
- Yuvaraj Shrimant Madhavrao [ Rao Saheb ] Ramchandrarao Patwardhan
- Raja Madhavrao I Patwardhan, 1st Raja of Miraj Junior 1820/1845
- Raja Lakshmanrao I [Anna Saheb] Patwardhan, 2nd Raja of Miraj Junior 1845/1876, born 1807, died 1876.
- Raja Hariharrao [Dada Saheb] Patwardhan, 3rd Raja of Miraj Junior 1876/1877, died 1877.
- Raja Lakshmanrao II [Anna Saheb] Patwardhan, 4th Raja of Miraj Junior 1877/1899, died 7 February 1899.
- Meherban Shrimant Raja Sir Madhavrao II Harihar Babasaheb Patwardhan, 5th Raja of Miraj Junior 1899/1950
- Meherban Shrimant Raja Chintamanrao Madhavrao Balasaheb Patwardhan, 6th Raja of Miraj Junior 1950/1972
- Rajkumari Yamuna Raje Patwardhan
- Yuvaraj Shrimant Agastyanand Patwardhan
- Meherban Shrimant Raja Hariharrao Madhavrao Babasaheb Patwardhan,Raja of Miraj Junior
- Meherban Shrimant Raja Parshuram Hariharrao Patwardhan
- ShrimantRao Chintamanrao I Pandurangrao Patwardhan [Appa Saheb], 1st Rao of Sangli 1801/1851
- ShrimantRao Dhundirajrao Chintamanrao Patwardhan [Tatya Saheb], 2nd Rao of Sangli 1851/1901
- Capt. HH Shrimant Rajasaheb Sir Chintamanrao II Dhundirajrao Appasaheb Patwardhan, 3rd Rao of Sangli (later Raja) 1901/1965, Raja of Sangli [cr.1932]
- HH Shrimant Rajasaheb Vijaysinghrao Madhavrao Patwardhan 1965 –
- Rajkumari Bhagyashree Raje Patwardhan
- Madhavrao Patwardhan, founder of the Chinchanikar branch of Patwardhan family
- Parshuram Bhau Ramchandrapant Patwardhan is founder of the Tasgaon branch of Patwardhan family. He was only son of sixth son of Harbhat Patwardhan, father of Govind Hari PAtwardhan.
- Ganpatrao Patwardhan, son of Parshuram Bhau Patwardhan
- Shrimant Vinayakarao Ganpatrao alias Babasaseb Patwardhan ( 1883 - 1923)
- Shrimant SaraswatiBai Vinayakrao Patwardhan (1892 - March 02, 1965)
- Parshuram Vinayakrao Patwardhan (1917-1989)
- Mangalmurti Vinayakrao alias Bhaiyyasaheb Patwardhan (1920-1980)
- Shrimant Kamlini alias Taisaheb Peshawa ( 1911 - 1973)
- Padma Gole (1915 - 1998)
Tasgaon was lapsed under lord Dolhousie's doctrine lapse".
- Govindrao Patwardhan, harmonium and organ player.
- Anand Patwardhan, Indian documentary filmmaker.
- Waman Dattatreya Patwardhan, Indian nuclear chemist.
- Sudhir Patwardhan, Indian contemporary painter.
- Nikhil Patwardhan, Indian former first-class cricketer.
- Vinayakrao Patwardhan, Indian vocalist.
- Nirmala Patwardhan, Indian ceramic artist.
- Bhagyashree Patwardhan, Indian actress.
- Achyut Patwardhan, Indian independence activist and political leader and founder of the Socialist Party of India.
- Aditya J Patwardhan, Indian film director, producer and scriptwriter.
- Avinash Balkrishna Patwardhan, Indian civil engineer and lawyer.
- Bhushan Patwardhan, former Vice Chancellor of Symbiosis International University.
- Anant Sadashiv Patwardhan, Indian politician.
- Padma Gole, Marathi poet.
- "Genealogical Gleanings". Soszynski, Henry. University of Queensland. Retrieved 2010-04-12.
- Parasanisa (1917), p 3.
- Parasanisa (1917), p 4.
- Parasanisa (1917), p 15.
- Parasanisa (1917), p 6.
- Parasanisa (1917), p 7.
- Parasanisa (1917), p 10.
- Parasanisa (1917), p 10–11.
- Parasanisa (1917), p 13.
- Parasanisa (1917), p 11.
- Parasanisa (1917), p 5.
- Parasanisa (1917), p 20.
- Parasanisa (1917), p vii.
- D.R.Bhandarkar - Foreign Elements in the Hindu Population (1968), p 37.
- Jadeja, Arjunsinh (22 October 2013). "The migrant rulers of Jamkhandi" (Bangalore). Deccan Herald. Retrieved 2 February 2015.