Pattani Province

This article is about southern province of Thailand. For the historic region, see Patani. For other uses, see Pattani (disambiguation).

Pattani Grand Mosque



Map of Thailand highlighting Pattani Province
Country  Thailand
Capital Pattani
  Governor Wiranan Phengchan (since October 2016)
  Total 1,940.4 km2 (749.2 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 67th
Population (2014)
  Total 686,186
  Rank Ranked 39th
  Density 350/km2 (920/sq mi)
  Density rank Ranked 9th
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 code TH-94

Pattani (Thai: ปัตตานี, pronounced [pàt.tāː.nīː]) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from southeast clockwise) Narathiwat, Yala, and Songkhla.


The name Pattani is the Thai adaptation of the Malay name Patani (Jawi: ڤتاني), which can mean "this beach" in Patani Malay language. (In standard Malay, this would be pantai ini.) Another suggestion is that it derives from a Sanskrit word pathini, meaning "virgin nymph"; Pathini was the name of a daughter of Merong Mahawangsa, founder of the preceding Langkasuka Empire. [1]

Historically, Pattani Province was the centre of the Malay Sultanate of Patani Darul Makrif. For centuries a tributary state of Siam, Pattani has been governed by Siam since its conquest in 1785. Siamese rule was officially acknowledged by the Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 negotiated with the British Empire. Both Yala (Jala) and Narathiwat (Menara) were originally part of Patani, but were made provinces of their own during the territorial administrative reform and the creation of a united centralized Siam state.


Pattani is one of the four provinces of Thailand where the majority of the population are Malay Muslim. They make up about 88 percent of its population. The people speak the Patani Malay language, although most also speak Thai. The Pattani Malays are similar in ethnicity and culture to the Malays of Kelantan, Malaysia.


Pattani is on the Malay Peninsula, with the coast of the Gulf of Thailand to the north. The south is dominated by the Sankalakhiri mountain range, which includes Budo-Su-ngai Padi National Park, on the border with Yala and Narathiwat.


The seal of the province shows the cannon called Phraya Tani, known as Sri Pattani in Malay, which was cast in Pattani Province. It was brought to Bangkok in 1785, and is now on display in front of the Ministry of Defence in Bangkok.

The provincial flower is the Chinese hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis), and the provincial tree the Ironwood (Hopea odorata).

Administrative divisions

Pattani is divided into 12 districts (amphoe), which are further subdivided into 115 communes (tambon) and 629 villages (muban).

The districts of Chana (Malay: Chenok), Thepa (Malay:Tiba) and Saba Yoi (Malay:Sebayu) were detached from Pattani and transferred to Songkhla in recent times by the Thai government.

Map Number Name Thai Malay
1Mueang Pattani เมืองปัตตานี فطاني
2Khok Pho โคกโพธิ์ كوكفور
3Nong Chik หนองจิก نونغجيك
4Panare ปะนาเระ فناريق
5Mayo มายอ مايو
6Thung Yang Daeng ทุ่งยางแดง
7Sai Buri สายบุรี سليندونغ بايو ، تلوبن
8Mai Kaen ไม้แก่น
9Yaring ยะหริ่ง جمبو
10Yarang ยะรัง يا ليمو
11Kapho กะพ้อ
12Mae Lan แม่ลาน

See also


  1. "{ms} Sejarah Malaysia - Asal Usul nama Sungai Petani". Retrieved 2012-08-24.
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Pattani Province

Coordinates: 6°52′4″N 101°15′00″E / 6.86778°N 101.25000°E / 6.86778; 101.25000

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