Papyrus of Ani

Papyrus of Ani

Thoth's declaration to the Ennead, based on the weighing of the heart of the scribe Ani
Material Papyrus
Size Length: 67 cm (26 in) (frame)
Width: 42 cm (17 in) (frame)
Writing Hieroglyphic
Created 1250 BCE (circa)
Period/culture 19th Dynasty
Place Tomb of Ani
Present location British Museum, London
Identification 10470,3
Registration 1888,0515.1.3

The Papyrus of Ani is a papyrus manuscript with cursive hieroglyphs and color illustrations created c. 1250 BCE, in the 19th dynasty of the New Kingdom of ancient Egypt. Egyptians compiled an individualized book for certain people upon their death, called the Book of Going Forth by Day, more commonly known as the Book of the Dead, typically containing declarations and spells to help the deceased in their afterlife. The Papyrus of Ani is the manuscript compiled for the Theban scribe Ani.

It was stolen from an Egyptian government storeroom in 1888 by Sir E. A. Wallis Budge, as described in his two-volume By Nile and Tigris,[1][2] for the collection of the British Museum where it remains today. Before shipping the manuscript to England, Budge cut the seventy-eight foot scroll into thirty-seven sheets of nearly equal size, damaging the scroll's integrity at a time when technology had not yet allowed the pieces to be put back together.


Divisions Sections Title
01 16 Hymns
02 36 Praises of Khert-Neter
03 08 Seven Arits
04 10 Pylons of the House of Osiris
05 05 Speeches
06 22 Hail Thoths
07 32 Chapter Collection 1
08 20 Homages
09 19 Miscellaneous (Hymns, Hails, Homage, Chapter, Rubric)
10 18 Chapter Collection 2
11 20 Funeral Chamber Texts
Note: Divisions vary based on compilations; Sections are groups of related sentences; Titles are not original to the text.

See also


  1. Budge, E. A. Wallis (1920). By Nile and Tigris, a narrative of journeys in Egypt and Mesopotamia on behalf of the British museum between the years 1886 and 1913. Main 4th floor: London, J. Murray.
  2. Budge, E.A. Wallis; Romer, John (2008). The Egyptian Book of the Dead. United States: Penguin Classics. p. xxxiii. ISBN 9780140455502.
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This article is about an item held in the British Museum. The object reference is 1888,0515.1.3.
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