Papirius is the name of a gens whose most notable members were active mainly during the Roman Republic. Filation is shown when known.
- L. Papirius Mugillanus, suffect consul in 444 BC
- L. Papirius L. f. Mugallanus, consul in 427 BC, consular tribune in 422 BC
- M. Papirius L. f. Mugallanus, consular tribune in 418 BC and 416 BC
- L. Papirius Mugallans, consular tribune in 382, 380 and 376 BC
- M. Papirius Crassus, consul in 441 BC
- L. Papirius Crassus, consul in 436 BC
- C. (or L.) Papirius Crassus, consul in 430 BC
- C. Papirius Crassus, consular tribune in 384 BC
- Sp. Papirius Crassus, consular tribune in 382 BC
- Ti. Papirius Crassus, consular tribune in 380 BC
- L. Papirius Crassus, consular tribune in 368 BC
- L. Papirius L. f. L. n Crassus, consul in 336 and 330 BC
Other Republican Papirii
- Papirius, pontifex in 509 BC, was the author of a supposed collection of Leges Regiae, referred to as the Ius Papirianum.
- Lucius Papirius, a creditor whose sexually motivated abuse of his bond slave is supposed to have led to the abolishment of debt bondage in Rome; see nexum.
- M. Papirius Atratinus, consular tribune in 411 BC
- L. Papirius Cursor, consular tribune in 387 and 385 BC
- Lucius Papirius Cursor, consul five times during the 320s and 310s BC, dictator twice, and a general.
- L. Papirius L. f. Sp. n. Cursor, consul in 293 and 272 BC
- C. Papirius C. f. L. n. Maso, consul in 231 BC
- Gaius Papirius C. f. Carbo, consul in 120 BC.
- Gnaeus Papirius C. f. Carbo, consul in 113 BC, brother of the consul of 120 BC.
- Gaius Papirius Carbo, a tribune c. 90 BC, son of the consul of 120 BC.
- Gnaeus Papirius Cn. f. C. n. Carbo, son of the consul of 113 BC, consul three times during the civil wars of the 80s BC as part of the faction of Marius and Cinna.