The name derives from the Italian word for peacock (pavone). "In natural stone trade, Pavonazzo is often simply called a Marble." It is one of the many varieties of Carrara marble, distinguished by black/gray-veined white marble. Also referred to as "pavonazzetto", and distinguished as:
- Various red and purplish marbles and breccias.
- A marble, used by the ancient Romans, characterized by very irregular veins of dark red with bluish and yellowish tints.
The marble has been used as the coffin of the remains of Saint Peter the Apostle, Pompeii, the Trajan's Markets, and internationally in the influential Baroque Revival-style historic buildings the Church of St. Ignatius Loyola, in New York City, and Belfast City Hall in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
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- Strabo. Geography. "Book 9, chapter 5, section 16"
- Erica Highes (2013). Meaning and λόγος: Proceedings from the Early Professional Interdisciplinary. University of Liverpool. p. 29.
- Elise A. Friedland (2015). The Oxford Handbook of Roman Sculpture. p. 181.
- "Pavonazzo - a white Marble from Italy". Graniteland.com. 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- "Stone Info | Granite Marble". Es.pavonazzo.italy.marble.stoneinfo.us. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- "pavonazzo, pavonazzeto: Information from". Answers.com. Retrieved 2012-12-20.