Pannonia Secunda

Provincia Pannonia Secunda
province of the Roman Empire

296–mid-5th century
Pannonia Secunda map
Capital Sirmium
  Established 296
  Hunnic invasions mid-5th century
Today part of  Serbia,  Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
Pannonia Secunda in the 4th century

The Pannonia Secunda was one of the provinces of the Roman Empire. It was formed in the year 296, during the reign of emperor Diocletian. The capital of the province was Sirmium (today Sremska Mitrovica). Pannonia Secunda included parts of present-day Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.


Before the creation of this province, its territory was part of the province Pannonia Inferior. In the year 296, Pannonia Inferior was divided into two province - Pannonia Secunda in the south and Pannonia Valeria in the north. Border between two newly established provinces was river Drava.

Capital of Pannonia Secunda, Sirmium, was also one of four capitals of the Roman Empire and several Roman emperors were born in or near this city.

In the year 314, there was a battle between two pretenders to the imperial throne, Constantine the Great and Licinius. The battle occurred in Pannonia Secunda, near the town of Cibalae. Constantine had army of 20,000 men, while Licinius had 35,000. Battle lasted during the whole day and Constantine was victorious.


Besides Sirmium, the other cities in Pannonia Secunda were:


Among the prefects of Pannonia Secunda:

See also


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