Pampacolca District

Country  Peru
Region Arequipa
Province Castilla
Capital Pampacolca
  Mayor Vicente Justino Carcamo Huamani
  Total 205.19 km2 (79.22 sq mi)
Elevation 2,950 m (9,680 ft)
Population (2005 census)
  Total 3,683
  Density 18/km2 (46/sq mi)
Time zone PET (UTC-5)
UBIGEO 040410

Pampacolca or Pampaqullqa (Quechua pampa large plain, qullqa deposit) is one of fourteen districts of the province Castilla in Peru.[1]

The District of Pampacolca is chiefly an agricultural center located in the highlands of the Arequipa Department in Southern Peru. Pampacolca in the Inca times was an important place of the Kuntisuyu, one of the four provinces of the Inca empire. The Incas used and improved the oracle of Mawk'allaqta located in the slopes of the Coropuna volcano. Such oracle has five important elements: Ushno, Mausoleum, Main Plaza, Pyramid and Callancas. In this Inca oracle they offered humans and animals to the sacred Coropuna mountain.

Pampacolca also is the birthplace of Juan Pablo Vizcardo y Guzmán, a Spaniard born in America who was expelled from his own country and forced to live in exile. From there he wrote the famous "Letter to the American Spaniards" enticing them to gain liberty from Spain.

See also


Coordinates: 15°42′41″S 72°33′41″W / 15.7113°S 72.5614°W / -15.7113; -72.5614

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