For the village in Hunedoara County, see Şoimuş.
For the town in the Democratic Republic of Congo formerly called Paulis, see Isiro.
Coordinates: 46°7′N 21°35′E / 46.117°N 21.583°E / 46.117; 21.583
Country  Romania
County Arad County
Population (2011)[1] 4,120
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Păuliș (Hungarian: Ópálos) is a commune in Arad County, Romania, is situated in the contact zone of the Mureș Couloir with the Aradului Plateau and Zărand Mountains. The administrative territory of the commune is 12,806 hectares. The commune centre is situated at 25 km from Arad. It is composed of four villages: Barațca (Pálosbaracka), Cladova (Kalodva), Păuliș and Sâmbăteni (Szabadhely).


According to the last census, the population of the commune counts 4120 inhabitants, out of which 88.4% are Romanians, 2.5% Hungarians, 4.4% Roms, 0.5% Germans and 4.1% are of other or undeclared nationalities.


The first documentary record of Păuliș dates back to 1333. Baraţca was attested documentarily in 1913, Cladova in 1308, while Sâmbăteni in 1138.


The commune's present-day economy can be characterized by a powerful dynamic force with significant developments in all the sectors present in the commune. In agriculture vine-growing occupies a significant proportion, Barațca village being a well-known viticultural and wine-growing centre. The industry of building materials is represented by the exploitation of granite and diorite in Cladova and Baraţca.


Among the main sights are the Heroes Monument in Păuliș put up to the memory of the Romanian soldiers killed in the battles in 1944 while defending the Mureș couloir, the dendrologic park with rare species of yew-tree, magnolia and Himalayan pine, the reinforced settlement and the church dating from the 14-16th centuries situated on the Carierei Hill in Cladova, as well as the famous blindages in Sâmbăteni dating back to the Dacian-Roman period.

The valleys around Cladova were particularly beautiful, comprising extensive oak forest, but nowadays much of this has been destroyed by local inhabitants carrying out illegal treecutting, and unlicensed companies removing up to 500 tons of logs each day. The machinery used to do this, such as large trucks and tractors, has destroyed most of the original rural roads.

Coordinates: 46°7′N 21°35′E / 46.117°N 21.583°E / 46.117; 21.583


This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 9/3/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.