Péronne, Somme


Coat of arms

Coordinates: 49°55′45″N 2°56′06″E / 49.9293°N 2.93500°E / 49.9293; 2.93500Coordinates: 49°55′45″N 2°56′06″E / 49.9293°N 2.93500°E / 49.9293; 2.93500
Country France
Region Hauts-de-France
Department Somme
Arrondissement Péronne
Canton Péronne
Intercommunality Haute Somme
  Mayor (20142020) Thérèse Dheygers
Area1 14.16 km2 (5.47 sq mi)
Population (2011)2 7,796
  Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 80620 / 80200
Elevation 47–117 m (154–384 ft)
(avg. 54 m or 177 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Péronne (French pronunciation: [peʁɔn]) is a commune of the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

It is close to where the 1916, first 1918 and second 1918 Battles of the Somme took place during the First World War.

The Museum of the Great War (known in French as the Historial de la Grande Guerre) is located in the château.


Péronne is situated in the old region of Santerre, home of the early French kings.

Hidden in the Somme valley, between lakes and huge fields of crops, the town is known as a paradise for fishing and hunting.

The autoroutes A1 and A16 pass close by. The national road, the N17, traverses the town


Population history
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2011
7146 8568 9129 8497 8387 8213 8754 7796
Starting in 1962: population without duplicates


Urbs nescia vinci (The town that ignores defeat).


The ruined main square of Péronne after the First World War

On a hill, dominating the Somme river and its lakes, Péronne was a well-fortified place during the early Middle Ages. The ramparts were built in the 9th century. All that remains today of the ancient fortress is the Porte de Bretagne.

Few towns have been as involved in the history of France, few towns so often devastated, as Péronne. Burned and pillaged in the time of the Normans; gravely damaged during the time of the Spanish occupation; devastated by the Germans in 1870; totally destroyed in 1917; bombarded and burned in May 1940 by the German airforce. Péronne was awarded two Croix de Guerre and the Légion d'honneur.

Places and monuments

West front of Saint-Jean-Baptiste
Rue Louis XI


Twin towns — Sister cities

Péronne is twinned with:

See also


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