Otto I, Count of Salm

Otto I
Count of Salm
Spouse(s) Gertrude of Northeim
Noble family House of Salm
Father Hermann of Salm
Mother Sophia of Formbach
Born c.1080
Died 1150 (aged 6970)

Otto I, Count of Salm (c.1080 1150) was a German nobleman. He was a ruling count of Salm and from 1125 to 1137, he was co-ruler of the County Palatine of the Rhine with his stepson William.


His parents were the German anti-king Hermann of Salm and his wife Sophia of Formbach. Around 1115, he married Gertrude of Northeim, the widow of Count Palatine Sigfried of the Rhine and heiress of Margrave Henry of Frisia and Northeim and Gertrude of Brunswick, who was the sister of Richenza of Northeim, the consort of Emperor Lothair III.

He constructed Rheineck Castle and from c.1124, he styled himself Otto of Rheineck, after his castle. After his stepson Count Palatine William of the Rhine had died in 1140, he claimed the County Palatine of the Rhine. However, King Conrad III of Germany, who had been elected in 1138, decided that the County Palatine was a completed fief, and hence fell back to the King, who gave it to his brother-in-law and devoted supporter Herman of Stahleck.

Otto managed to keep Treis Castle until 1148, and Rheineck Castle until 1151. In 1148, war broke out between Otto and the Emperor. The Emperor took Treis Castle in 1148, and gave it to the Elector of Trier. In 1151, he captured and destroyed Rheineck Castle.


Otto Married Gertrude of Nordheim, daughter of Henry, Margrave of Frisia. They had several children, including:


Otto I, Count of Salm
Born: c.1080 Died: 1150
Preceded by
Count Palatine of the Rhine
Succeeded by
Henry IV Jasomirgott

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