Oscar Neumann

Oscar Rudolph Neumann (3 September 1867 17 May 1946) was a German ornithologist.

Neumann travelled to Africa on several occasions, in particular between 1892 and 1894, and described many new African species. From 1900 to 1901 he traveled through Somaliland and southern Ethiopia with the German ornithologist Baron Carlo von Erlanger, clarifying the reports of earlier explorers and collecting numerous zoological specimens.

From 1908, financial difficulties forced Neumann to find employment in the Walter Rothschild Zoological Museum, where he worked for many years. In 1941, with the help of his friend Julius Riemer he fled Nazi Germany, traveling from Berlin to Cuba, then to Chicago, where he worked the final years of his life as a curator in the Field Museum of Natural History.


Numerous zoological species bear his name, a few being:

Publications associated with Neumann


  1. BeautyOfBirds, formerly Avian Web Neumann's Starling.
  2. The Reptile Database Philochortus neumanni.
  3. 1 2 Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Neumann", p. 189).
  4. Biostor Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tier.

Further reading

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