Orthodox Jewish philosophy

Orthodox Jewish philosophy comprises the philosophical and theological teachings of Orthodox Judaism. Though Orthodox Judaism sees itself as the heir of traditional rabbinic Judaism, the present-day movement is thought to have first formed in the late 18th century, mainly in reaction to the Jewish emancipation and the growth of the Haskalah and Reform movements.[1][2][3] Orthodox Jewish philosophy concerns itself with interpreting traditional Jewish sources, reconciling the Jewish faith with the changes in the modern world and the movement's relationships with the State of Israel and other Jewish denominations.


Specific philosophies developed by Orthodox Jewish thinkers include:

Orthodox Jewish philosophers (from late 18th century)

While the majority of Orthodox rabbinic figures wrote primarily on Talmud and Jewish law (Halacha), some are known for their philosophical and theological writings.

Modern Orthodox Judaism

Haredi Judaism

Hasidic Judaism

Sephardic Judaism

See also


  1. Carvalho, Jean-Paul, and Mark Koyama. Development and religious polarization: The emergence of reform and ultra-Orthodox Judaism. Department of Economics, University of Oxford, 2011.
  2. Heilman, Samuel C. Cosmopolitans and Parochials: Modern Orthodox Jews in America. University of Chicago Press, 1989.
  3. Liebman, Charles S. The ambivalent American Jew: Politics, religion and family in American Jewish life. Jewish publication society of America, 1973.
  4. Schwab, Shimon. Selected speeches: a collection of addresses and essays on hashkafah, contemporary issues and Jewish history. CIS Publishing. 1991.
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