The Italian Poeti-class destroyer Oriani
|Preceded by:||Maestrale class|
|Succeeded by:||Soldati class|
|Length:||106.7 m (350 ft 1 in)|
|Beam:||10.15 m (33 ft 4 in)|
|Draught:||3.42 m (11 ft 3 in)|
|Speed:||38 knots (44 mph; 70 km/h)|
|Range:||2,190 nmi (4,060 km) at 18 kn (21 mph; 33 km/h)|
The Oriani class (also known as the Poeti class), were a group of four destroyers built for the Italian Navy in the late 1930s. They were a repeat of the Maestrale-class destroyers, but had increased machinery power and a different anti-aircraft armament. The increase in power, however, disappointed in that there was only a marginal speed improvement. The obsolete 40 mm anti-aircraft guns were finally discontinued, being replaced by extra 13.2 mm machine guns; otherwise armament was unchanged. Significant upgrades were made to the weapons systems of the two ships that survived Matapan, similar to those made to the Maestrales. One torpedo tube mounting was replaced by two 37 mm guns; 20 mm cannon, a 120 mm star-shell gun and depth charge throwers were also installed. Before the end of the war, one ship, Oriani had German Seetakt radar and an additional 20 mm cannon.
|Alfredo Oriani||Alfredo Oriani||30 July 1936||15 July 1937||Damaged in the Battle of Matapan, she took part in the successful attack on Harpoon convoy in June 1942. The ship escaped from La Spezia during the Italian Armistice in 1943 and was interned in Malta. She was given to the French Navy as a war reparation, where she served as the D'Estaing until 1954|
|Vittorio Alfieri||Vittorio Alfieri||20 December 1936||1 December 1937||Sunk on 28 March 1941 in the Battle of Cape Matapan|
|Giosuè Carducci||Giosuè Carducci||28 October 1936||1 November 1937||Sunk 28 March 1941 in the Battle of Matapan|
|Vincenzo Gioberti||Vincenzo Gioberti||19 September 1936||27 October 1937||Sunk on 9 August 1943 by the British submarine HMS Simoom|
- Campbell, John (1985). Naval Weapons of World War Two. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. pp. 335–338. ISBN 0-87021-459-4.
- Whitley, M.J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Cassell Publishing. ISBN 1-85409-521-8.
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