Order of Isabella the Catholic

Order of Isabella the Catholic
Grand Cross Sash and Star of the Order
Awarded by the Spanish Monarch
Type State Order
Royal house House of Bourbon-Spain
("To Proven Loyalty")

("For Isabella the Catholic")
Awarded for Actions in benefit to Spain and the Crown
Status Currently constituted
Sovereign King Felipe VI
Chancellor José García-Margallo y Marfil, Minister of Foreign Affairs
Grades (w/ post-nominals) Knight Grand Cross with Collar
Knight/Dame Grand Cross
Knight/Dame Grand Officer
Knight/Dame Commander
Knight/Dame Officer
Cross Medal
Silver Medal
Bronze Medal
Established 14 March 1815
Next (higher) Order of Queen Maria Luisa
Next (lower) Order of Civil Merit
The Ribbons of the Order
Collar granted to Czech President Václav Havel

The Order of Isabella the Catholic (Spanish: Orden de Isabel la Católica) is a Spanish civil order granted in recognition of services that benefit the country. The Order is not exclusive to Spaniards, and it has been awarded to many foreigners.

The Order was created on 14 March 1815 by King Ferdinand VII of Spain in honor of Queen Isabella I of Castile with the name of "Royal and American Order of Isabella the Catholic"[1] with the intent of "rewarding the firm allegiance to Spain and the merits of Spanish citizens and foreigners in good standing with the Nation and especially in those exceptional services provided in pursuit of territories in America and overseas."[2] The Order was reorganized by royal decree on 26 July 1847, as the modern "Royal Order of Isabella the Catholic" with a broader focus than the Americas.

Officials and grades

The King of Spain (currently Felipe VI) is Grand Master of the Order.[3] The Chancellor of the Order is the Minister of Foreign Affairs.[4] All deeds granting decorations of the Order must bear the signatures of both.[5] Members of the order at the knight and above enjoy personal nobility and have the privilege of adding a golden heraldic mantle to their coat of arms. Knights at the rank of Grand Cross and Knight of the Collar receive the official style of "His or Her most Excellent Lord".[6] Knights at the rank of commander and commander by number receive the style of "His or Her Most Illustrious Lord".[6] Beneath these two officials of the Order, there are currently several grades:

  • Knight of the Collar (Caballeros del Collar) (limited to 25 people)
  • Knight Grand Cross (Caballeros Gran Cruz) (limited to 500 people)
  • Commander by Number (Encomienda de Número) (limited to 800 people)
  • Commander (Encomienda)
  • Officer's Cross (Cruz de Oficial)
  • Knight's Cross (Cruz de Caballeros)
  • Silver Cross (Cruz de Plata)
  • Silver Medal (Medalla de Plata)
  • Bronze Medal (Medalla de Bronce)[7]

The original statutes of the order of 24 March 1815 established the order in three classes. The structure of the order has varied several times since then. The following is a summary of the history of the various grades and medals of the order:

Women appointed to an applicable grade are not called Knights (Caballeros). Women are instead appointed as Dames of the Collar (Damas del Collar), Dames Grand Cross (Damas Gran Cruz) or Dame's Cross (Cruz de Damas).[7]

Order decoration

The decoration is a red-enameled cross, with a golden frame. The outer peaks are fitted with small gold balls. The center of the medallion contains the inscription "A La Lealtad Acrisolada" (To Proven Loyalty) and "Por Isabel la Católica" (For Isabella the Catholic) on white enamel. Above the cross is a green enameled laurel wreath with the band ring.

The ribbon is yellow with a white central stripe,[9] except the "Collar", the wearing of which can be replaced by a gold-yellow sash with white stripes on the edges.

Collar Collar Grade Star Grand Cross Star Commander by Number Commander
Dame-Commander Bow
Officer's Cross Dame-Officer's Bow
Knight's Cross Dame Bow
Silver Cross Dame's Silver Cross Bow
Silver Medal Dame's Silver Medal Bow
Bronze Medal
Dame's Bronze Medal Bow

Notable members

  1. Real y Americana Orden de Isabel la Católica
  2. "premiar la lealtad acrisolada a España y los méritos de ciudadanos españoles y extranjeros en bien de la Nación y muy especialmente en aquellos servicios excepcionales prestados en favor de la prosperidad de los territorios americanos y ultramarinos"
  3. article 2, Reglamento de la Orden de Isabel la Católica (1998)
  4. article 3, Reglamento de la Orden de Isabel la Católica (1998)
  5. articles 2 and 3, Reglamento de la Orden de Isabel la Católica (1998)
  6. 1 2 article 13, Reglamento de la Orden de Isabel la Católica (1998)
  7. 1 2 "Real Decreto 2395/1998, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de la Orden de Isabel la Católica" (PDF). Minesterio de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperacion website (in Spanish). Government of Spain. 11 June 1998. Retrieved 5 September 2005.1998 Statutes of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.
  8. De Ceballos-Escalera y Gila, Alfonso; Almudena de Arteaga y del Alcázar, Fernando Fernández-Miranda y Lozana (1997). "The Royal (American) Order of Isabella the Catholic". Great Orders of Chivalry, Royalty and Nobility website (in Spanish). Madrid, Spain. Retrieved 5 September 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |coauthors= (help) Essay on the history of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.
  9. Spain: Order of Isabella the Catholic
  10. Liliuokalani. Hawaii's Story By Hawaii's Queen
  11. Caleb Grain (2006) American Literary History 18 (4): pp. 659-94 The Courtship of Henry Wikoff
  12. Foreman, J., 1906, The Philippine Islands, A Political, Geographical, Ethnographical, Social and Commercial History of the Philippine Archipelago, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons
  13. Jan Szczepanik - "Polish Edison"
  14. Handover document of Isabella Order; Spanish Embassy in Berlin in February 1909
  15. Fox-Davies, Arthur C. (1929). Armorial Families, Vol. 2, Seventh Ed., London: Hurst & Blackett, Ltd., p. 90.
  16. La Vanguardia 24 September 1970
  17. "ARGENTINA: A Medal for Eva". Time. 5 May 1947. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  18. Concesión de motivo leí Día de la Victoria' Informacion Nacional. 1 April 1959. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  19. La Vanguardia 5 March 1976
  20. Imágenes
  21. Boletín Oficial del Estado, 5 April 1965
  22. Fallece hispanista alemán Peter Bloch
  23. Boletín Oficial del Estado, 13 November 1969
  24. Sadam Husein y la medalla de la que nunca se habló
  25. Boletín Oficial del Estado, 10 December 1974
  26. Boletín Oficial del Estado
  27. Awards and Honours of Basma bint Talal
  28. Boletín Oficial del Estado, 9 May 1977
  29. Boletín Oficial del Estado
  30. Baldomera: Las pequeñas estaturas, About the Author section.
  31. El Colegio Nacional: Miembros
  32. Joseph Pérez biography
  33. Vargas, Ángel (2015-09-26). "Muere el poeta Hugo Gutiérrez Vega". La Jornada. Retrieved 2015-10-25.
  34. "Biografía: Doris Yankelewitz Berger". Cambio Politico. 2014-05-18. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
  35. The Varsitarian Website. UST Historian named Master of Theology 1 May 2012.
  36. Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 December 1985
  37. Dulce María Loynaz: Cronología
  38. Biografía Alicia Alonso
  39. Entrevista Exclusiva con Gustavo Cisneros: El Rey del Entretenimiento
  40. Boletín Oficial del Estado, 1 April 1995.
  41. Los Romero Conciertos Daniel. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  42. Queering the Popular Pitch. By Whiteley, Sheila and Rycenga, Jennifer.
  43. Boletín Oficial del Estado, 7 May 2004
  44. Recibirá Soriano Orden Isabel la Católica de España
  45. Referencia del Consejo de Ministros, 25 April 2007.
  46. Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 November 2007 (Traian).
  47. Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 November 2007 (Maria).
  48. Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 November 2007.
  49. Condecoraciones embajada de Espana April 2008. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  50. Nacion, 28 November 2007
  51. "DOF: 13/07/2007" (in Spanish). Diaro Oficial de la Federación. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  52. Boletín Oficial del Estado
  53. 1 2 3 4 Boletín Oficial del Estado, 1 August 2008.
  54. 1 2 3 4 Mexicanos reciben la Gran Cruz de Isabel La Católica
  55. King of Spain to bestow Spanish knighthood on Lt. Governor Owen
  56. Medalla para Fortuño, El Vocero de Puerto Rico Archived 18 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  57. "Fortis". Fortis. 2015. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
  58. "Jorge Drexler, nominado a los Grammy y premiado por la corona española". Ciudad (in Spanish). Argentina: Ciudad. September 11, 2010. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  59. "Les insignes de commandeur de l'ordre d'Isabelle la Catholique à Chamussy". L'Orient-Le Jour. April 28, 2004. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
  60. "España concede el Collar de la Orden de Isabel la Católica a Dilma Rousseff". Terra. November 19, 2012. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
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