Opening Day

For the Twilight Zone episode, see Opening Day (The Twilight Zone).
Opening Day

2009 Opening Day at Dodger Stadium
Observed by United States, Canada
2017 date April 3
2018 date April 2
Frequency annual

Opening Day is the day on which professional baseball leagues begin their regular season. For Major League Baseball and most of the minor leagues, this day typically falls during the first week of April.

For baseball fans, Opening Day serves as a symbol of rebirth; writer Thomas Boswell once penned a book titled, Why Time Begins on Opening Day.[1] Many feel that the occasion represents a newness or a chance to forget last season, in that all 30 of the major league clubs and their millions of fans begin with 0–0 records.[1]

Opening Day festivities extend throughout the sport of baseball, from hundreds of Minor League Baseball franchises to college, high school, and youth leagues in North America and beyond. Since Major League Baseball generally starts their season first among professional leagues, their Opening Day is the one most commonly recognized by the general public. Most of the minor leagues start a few days later, but within the same week; the short season Class A and Rookie leagues are exceptions, since they begin play in June. (College, high school and youth baseball seasons vary widely depending on location and weather conditions.) Opening Day ignores the exhibition games played during spring training in the month leading up to Opening Day.


The Findlay Market Parade at Fountain Square in Downtown Cincinnati in 2015. The parade has been held annually since 1920 to celebrate Opening Day in Cincinnati.

For generations, Opening Day has arrived amid pageantry. In Cincinnati, home of the sport's first professional team, the annual Findlay Market Parade marks an official "city holiday" with young and old alike taking the day off to cheer on the Reds. For decades, the first pitch of every major league season officially took place in Cincinnati, and the Reds remain the only major league team to always open the season with a home game (save for 1966, when they started the season at Chicago after rain washed out the opening series in Cincinnati; and 1990, when due to a lockout affecting the schedule they opened the season at Houston).[2] The Chicago Cubs have been the Reds' most common Opening Day opponent, visiting Cincinnati 36 times on Opening Day, most recently in 2007. The Pittsburgh Pirates, whom the current Reds organization played their first Opening Day against in 1882, is a close second with 31, most recently in 2015; no other team has more than 19 (by the St. Louis Cardinals, most recently in 2014), largely due to the Cubs and Pirates rotating as the Opening Day opponents from 1899 to 1916, then the two teams and the Cardinals rotated from 1917 to 1952.[3] Fittingly, the Reds were also the first team to host an Interleague game on Opening Day when the team hosted the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim in the first year of year-round Interleague play in 2013.[4]

Since 1994 ESPN has televised a regular-season game the night before "Opening Day" and recent years have seen the staging of season-opening series in Mexico, Puerto Rico, Japan, and Australia. While these are technically "opening games", Major League Baseball still reserves the title "Opening Day" for the first day in which multiple games are played. (For the first time ever, three televised games were played on Sunday, April 3, 2016, before the traditional "Opening Day" slate of games on Monday, April 4.)[5][6][7]

Opening Day is a state of mind as well, with countless baseball fans known to recognize this unofficial holiday as a good reason to call in sick at work or be truant from school (as most teams typically play their home opener in the afternoon) and go out to the ballpark for the first of 162 regular season games. Teams' home openers serve as the only regular season games during the year in which the entire rosters of both teams as well as coaches and clubhouse staff are introduced to the crowd prior to the games; for the rest of the year, ballparks only introduce the starting lineups (including the designated hitter in American League ballparks) and the team's manager. Some teams, among them the New York Mets, have had their broadcasters as the master of pre-game ceremonies for their home openers, which also typically feature appearances by retired players, local celebrities or media personalities, politicians, and other dignitaries.

Opening Day introductions at Minute Maid Park on April 2, 2007

Hall of Fame pitcher Early Wynn, who played for the Washington Senators, Cleveland Indians and Chicago White Sox, once said: "An opener is not like any other game. There's that little extra excitement, a faster beating of the heart. You have that anxiety to get off to a good start, for yourself and for the team. You know that when you win the first one, you can't lose 'em all."[1]

Prior to Opening Day, the teams' managers have to decide the starting pitchers for the game, an assignment typically given to the ace of each team's staff.[8] For a pitcher to start on Opening Day is considered an honor.[9]

In 2014, Ozzie Smith, with the support of Anheuser-Busch, began a campaign using the We the People site on to petition the U.S. government to make Opening Day an official national holiday.[10][11]

Memorable moments

President Woodrow Wilson throws out the ceremonial first pitch on Opening Day. Photo 1916

In 1907, the New York Giants forfeited their game at the Polo Grounds to the Philadelphia Phillies, 9–0, after rowdy fans made and threw snowballs. Without police available to restore order, umpire Bill Klem awarded the game to the Phillies.[12]

In 1940, Cleveland Indians pitcher Bob Feller threw a no-hitter to open the season against the Chicago White Sox. It remains the only no-hitter in Opening Day history.[13]

Twelve U.S. Presidents have thrown the first ball of the season. On April 14, 1910, baseball enthusiast William Howard Taft attended the home opener in Washington, D.C., becoming the first U.S. President to throw out the first pitch to start a season.[14] Harry S. Truman threw first pitches with both his right and left arm in 1950.[1] On April 4, 1994, Bill Clinton inaugurated the Cleveland Indians' new ballpark, Jacobs Field, with the first pitch.[15]

Ted Williams was a .449 hitter in openers, with three home runs and fourteen runs batted in during fourteen such games and at least one hit in each game.[16]

On April 4, 1974, Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves ignited the Opening Day crowd at Cincinnati's Riverfront Stadium with his 714th career home run, tying Babe Ruth on Major League Baseball's all-time list. Aaron finished his career with 755 home runs.

In 14 season openers for the Washington Senators, Walter Johnson pitched a record nine shutouts. Two of his more famous starts include a 3–0 victory over the Philadelphia Athletics in 1910 and a 1–0 marathon victory while battling the A's Eddie Rommel for 15 innings.

On April 4, 2005, Dmitri Young of the Detroit Tigers hit three home runs in his team's opener against the Kansas City Royals at Detroit's Comerica Park. He became the third major leaguer with three home runs on Opening Day, following the Toronto Blue Jays' George Bell in 1988 and the Chicago Cubs' Tuffy Rhodes in 1994.[17]

The St. Louis Cardinals were the first major league team to open their home season with a night game, beating the Pittsburgh Pirates 4–2 at Sportsman's Park on April 18, 1950.[18]

The longest Opening Day game in major league history was played on April 5, 2012 between the Cleveland Indians and Toronto Blue Jays. The game, played at Cleveland's Progressive Field, ended with the Blue Jays beating the Indians, 7–4, in 16 innings.[19] The previous record for longest Opening Day game was on April 19, 1960, again at Cleveland. That game, lasting 15 innings, also saw the Indians in a losing effort, 4–2, versus the Detroit Tigers. The Philadelphia Athletics and Washington Senators also played a 15-inning season opener on April 13, 1926, with Washington winning, 1–0, at home.

On rare occasions, predominantly in the early 20th century, a team would open its home season with a doubleheader. The first of these came when the Boston Americans hosted the Philadelphia Athletics for two games on April 20, 1903, with Boston winning the first game, 9–4, and Philadelphia taking the second game, 10–7.[20] The most recent Opening Day doubleheader in the major leagues came on April 7, 1971, with the Chicago White Sox defeating the host Oakland Athletics in both games (6–5 and 12–4, respectively).[21]

Hall of Famer Tom Seaver has been a starting pitcher for the most Opening Day games in Major League history, doing the honors 16 times for the New York Mets, Cincinnati Reds, and Chicago White Sox.[22]

Recent Opening Days

Major League Baseball had most of its teams open the 2011 season on a Thursday (March 31) or Friday (April 1) rather than the traditional Monday, in order to prevent the World Series from extending into November.[23] Similarly, most teams opened the 2012 season on Thursday (April 5) or Friday (April 6). However, subsequent seasons have returned to Monday openers for most teams through at least 2017.

International Opening Games

SeasonCityVenueGuest TeamScoreHome TeamRef
1999Mexico MonterreyEstadio de Béisbol MonterreyColorado Rockies8-2San Diego Padres[24]
2000Japan TokyoTokyo DomeChicago Cubs5-3New York Mets[25]
2000Japan TokyoTokyo DomeNew York Mets5-1Chicago Cubs[26]
2001Puerto Rico San JuanHiram Bithorn StadiumTexas Rangers0-1Toronto Blue Jays[27]
2004Japan TokyoTokyo DomeNew York Yankees3-8Tampa Bay Devil Rays[28]
2004Japan TokyoTokyo DomeNew York Yankees12-1Tampa Bay Devil Rays[29]
2008Japan TokyoTokyo DomeBoston Red Sox6-5Oakland Athletics[30]
2008Japan TokyoTokyo DomeBoston Red Sox1-5Oakland Athletics[31]
2012Japan TokyoTokyo DomeSeattle Mariners3-1Oakland Athletics[32]
2012Japan TokyoTokyo DomeSeattle Mariners1-4Oakland Athletics[33]
2014Australia SydneySydney Cricket GroundLos Angeles Dodgers3-1Arizona Diamondbacks[34]
2014Australia SydneySydney Cricket GroundLos Angeles Dodgers7-5Arizona Diamondbacks[35]


There is no sports event like Opening Day of baseball, the sense of beating back the forces of darkness and the National Football League.
You always get a special kick on Opening Day, no matter how many you go through. You look forward to it like a birthday party when you're a kid. You think something wonderful is going to happen.
A home opener is always exciting, no matter if it's home or on the road.
In the beginning, there was no baseball. But ever since, there have been few beginnings as good as the start of a new baseball season. It is the most splendid time in sport, in part because baseball is about the only sport left—now that football players report to training camp before the Fourth of July, and hockey players start skating in Indian summer—that still has a time and is true to it.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "". Retrieved February 26, 2014.
  3. Cincinnati Reds Opening Day History Baseball Almanac
  4. Choo does his part, but bats stifled as Reds fall in 13 (04/01/2013)
  5. Newman, Mark. "3 Opening Day games to be played on first Sunday". Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  6. Hyber, Josh. "Opening day 2016: Schedule for all 30 MLB teams". Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  7. Fehr, Israel. "MLB announces tweaks to 2016 opening day schedule". Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  8. "Red Sox lefty Jon Lester will start second straight Opening Day | News". Boston Red Sox. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  9. FNP Interactive – (April 4, 2012). "Strasburg calls opening-day start 'huge honor'". The Frederick News-Post. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  10. "Ozzie Smith leading drive to turn Opening Day into holiday". ESPN. January 1, 2008. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
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  13. "Bob Feller throws no-hitter — This Day in History — 4/16/1940". Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  14. "National politics –". January 1, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  15. "President Bill Clinton Baseball Game Attendance Log". Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  16. "Opening Day History by Baseball Almanac". Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  17. "Opening Day is full of possibilities | News". Major League Baseball. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  18. "Famous First Night Games by Baseball Almanac". Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  19. Chisholm, Greg (April 5, 2012). "Arencibia's homer in 16th wins historic opener". Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  20. "1903 Boston Americans schedule". Baseball Almanac.
  21. "1971 Oakland Athletics schedule". Baseball Almanac.
  22. "Most Opening Day starts in majors". April 1, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  23. Newman, Mark (September 14, 2010). "2011 MLB slate packed with exciting matchups". Retrieved September 15, 2010.
  24. "April 4, 1999 Colorado Rockies at San Diego Padres Boxscore". April 4, 1999. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  25. "March 29, 2000 Chicago Cubs at New York Mets Boxscore". March 29, 2000. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  26. "March 30, 2000 New York Mets at Chicago Cubs Boxscore". March 30, 2000. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  27. "April 1, 2001 Texas Rangers at Toronto Blue Jays Boxscore". April 1, 2001. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  28. "March 30, 2004 New York Yankees at Tampa Bay Devil Rays Boxscore". March 30, 2004. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  29. "March 31, 2004 New York Yankees at Tampa Bay Devil Rays Boxscore". March 31, 2004. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  30. "March 25, 2008 Boston Red Sox at Oakland Athletics Boxscore". March 25, 2008. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  31. "March 26, 2008 Boston Red Sox at Oakland Athletics Boxscore". March 26, 2008. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  32. "March 28, 2012 Seattle Mariners at Oakland Athletics Boxscore". March 28, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  33. "March 29, 2012 Seattle Mariners at Oakland Athletics Boxscore". March 29, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  34. "March 22, 2014 Los Angeles Dodgers at Arizona Diamondbacks Boxscore". March 22, 2014. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  35. "March 23, 2014 Los Angeles Dodgers at Arizona Diamondbacks Boxscore". March 23, 2014. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
  36. "Joe DiMaggio Quotes". Retrieved March 2, 2013.
  37. "Yogi Berra Quotes".
  38. Phillips, B.J. (May 11, 1981). "Happy Playing Billyball". Time. Retrieved March 23, 2016.

External links

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