Open Government Partnership

Open Government Partnership
Abbreviation OGP
Formation September 20, 2011 (2011-09-20)
Albania, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Cabo Verde, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Liberia, Lithuania, Malawi, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Romania, Serbia, Sierra Leone, Slovak Republic, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Tanzania, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay
Key people


• Ayanda Dlodlo, Deputy Minister for Public Service Administration, Government of South Africa (current)

• Jean-Vincent Placé, Secretary of State for State Reform and Simplification, Government of France (incoming)

• Alejandro Gonzalez Arreola, Executive Director, GESOC, Gestión Social y Cooperación A.C. (current)

• Manish Bapna, Executive Vice President and Managing Director, World Resources Institute (incoming)

The Open Government Partnership is a multilateral initiative that aims to secure concrete commitments from governments to promote transparency, empower citizens, fight corruption, and harness new technologies to strengthen governance. In the spirit of multi-stakeholder collaboration, OGP is overseen by a Steering Committee including representatives of governments and civil society organizations.


The Open Government Partnership (OGP) was formally launched on September 20, 2011, at the sidelines of a UN General Assembly meeting when the Heads of State from 8 founding governments (Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico, Norway, Philippines, South Africa, United Kingdom, and the United States) endorsed the Open Government Declaration, announced their country action plans along with an equal number of leaders from civil society.[1] The eight founding members also welcomed the commitment of 38 governments to join OGP.[2] Since its formation, OGP has over 2,500 commitments made by over 65 participating countries, covering a third of the world’s population.[3]

OGP held its first annual high-level meeting on April 17–18, 2012 in Brasilia, Brazil. After operating for six months, OGP had gone from eight action plans and 46 participating countries to 50 action plans and 54 participating countries.[4] The meeting in Brasilia brought together countries and organizations with a belief in the power of transparency, from anti-censorship campaigners in Yemen to those using primary school data to improve education for Indian children.[5]

The United Kingdom took over the chairing OGP in September 2012 and focused on supporting members to deliver their transparency commitments.[6] At that time, 46 members had already published action plans detailing more than 300 commitments to open government.[6] According to then Minister for the United Kingdom’s Cabinet Office responsible for public transparency and open data, Frances Maude, Britain’s aim was “to further secure the foundations of OGP as a globally recognized and respected international initiative…. [and to] strengthen the role of civil society organizations, encouraging greater collaboration with governments to forge more innovative and open ways of working.”[6]

In October 2013, Indonesia took on the government Chairmanship role, along with Rakesh Rajani, of Twaweza. That year, OGP focused on Citizen Action, Responsive Government. Openness and transparency as well as the people’s participation and collaboration are viewed as key factors to good governance in an era of hyperconnectivity.[7]

In October 2014, the Government of Mexico and Suneeta Kaimal, Natural Resources Governance Institute, became Chairs of OGP. 2015 marks a key year for the future of development out-comes, with the imminent agreement and implementation of the Sustainable Post-2015 Development Agenda for 2030. The Government of Mexico hosted the OGP Global Summit on October 2015, which was held in Mexico City. The Summit focused on Openness for All: Using the Open Government principles as key enablers to implement the Post-2015 development agenda.

In October 2015, the Government of South Africa and Alejandro Gonzalez, GESOC, assumed Chairmanship of OGP.


OGP provides a platform for reformers inside and outside governments around the world to develop reforms that promote transparency, empower citizens, fight corruption and harness new technologies to strengthen governance. OGP aims to secure concrete commitments from governments to drive open government reform and innovation at the country level, in an effort to stretch countries beyond their current baseline in the areas of transparency, accountability, and citizen engagement.[8] It is a voluntary partnership, where countries opt to join and decide on reforms that they deem in line with their reform agenda.

The aim of OGP is to encourage countries around the world to start ambitious new reforms and deliver on their promises "under the watchful eyes of citizens," instead of establishing a worldwide ranking for countries.[5] The community of reformers “is meant to offer support to those in government that are willing and to create a hook whereby the conversations among government and civil societies can occur.”[9]

The relationship between a government and its civil society organizations at the national level is the cornerstone of OGP. Moreover, governments are expected to actively collaborate with civil society on drafting and implementing country commitments as well as on reporting and monitoring efforts.[8] The OGP process requires government to consult with civil society and citizens, and the Independent Reporting Mechanism assesses the quality of this consultation.

OGP can often serve as a platform to build a diverse coalition with civil society actors from a variety of disciplines.

The principles of OGP are best explained by the Open Government Declaration. Participating countries

OGP participating countries declare their commitment to:


As a multi-stakeholder initiative, civil society participation is enshrined in OGP’s foundational principles and management structures. Governments and civil society play an equally important role in managing the OGP through participation on the Steering Committee, OGP’s executive management body, as well as at the national level.[8]

  1. Steering Committee - The OGP Steering Committee provides guidance and direction at the international level, in order to maintain the highest standards for the initiative and ensuring its long-term sustainability.[10] It is composed of representatives of governments and civil society organizations in equal numbers. OGP’s leadership group also rotates regularly, continually selecting two government co-chairs and two civil society co-chairs. Governments and civil society members are selected into the Steering Committee by their peers.
  2. Subcommittees - Members of the OGP Steering Committee divide their work through the OGP Subcommittees. There are three subcommittees: 1) Governance and Leadership; 2) Criteria and Standards; and 3) Peer Learning and Exchange. The principle of parity is preserved in the Subcommittees as an equal number of governments and civil society serves in each one.
  3. Open Government Partnership Thematic Working Groups - There are 5 OGP Working Groups that contribute to peer exchange and learning across the partnership. The ultimate goal is to support the creation and effective implementation of more ambitious open government commitments as part of OGP national action plans.
  4. The Support Unit - The OGP Support unit is a small, permanent secretariat that works closely with the Steering Committee to advance the goals of the OGP. It is designed to maintain institutional memory, manage OGP’s external communications, ensure the continuity of organizational relationships with OGP’s partners, and support the broader membership.[11] It also serves as a neutral, third-party between governments and civil society organizations, ensuring that OGP maintains the productive balance between the two constituencies.[11]
  5. Independent Reporting Mechanism (IRM) - The IRM is the key means by which all stakeholders can track OGP progress in participating countries. The IRM produces biannual independent progress reports for each country participating in OGP. Progress reports assess governments on the development and implementation of OGP action plans, progress in fulfilling open government principles, and make technical recommendations for improvements. These reports are intended to stimulate dialogue and promote accountability between member governments and citizens.
  6. Civil Society Engagement - The CSE Team works to broaden, strengthen and engage a strong civil society network to participate in OGP, particularly at the national level. The team supports national civil society actors to help them make better use of the OGP process - including the design, implementation and monitoring of OGP action plans - for achieving their own advocacy objectives.[12]

How It Works


Funding for OGP comes from participating countries, donors and development partners.

Participating Countries

Current participating countries

The following countries have met the minimum eligibility criteria and have joined the OGP:

Inactive countries

The following countries have been marked as inactive for acting contrary to the OGP process:

Eligible countries

The following countries have demonstrated that they have met the minimum criteria of eligibility and are eligible to join OGP:



  1. "Open Government Partnership". The White House. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  2. "The Open Government Partnership". Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  3. "About – UK Open Government Network". Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  4. Harge, Jorge (April 10, 2012). "The Open Government Partnership - from eight to 54 countries". The Guardian.
  5. 1 2 Dudman, Jane (April 16, 2012). "Open Government Partnership: What We're Going to Learn in Brasilia". The Guardian.
  6. 1 2 3 Maude, Francis (2012-09-26). "Francis Maude: transparency brings tangible benefits". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  7. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Opening remarks at the Open Government Partnership High-Level Side Event at the 69th United Nations General Assembly. September 24, 2014. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  8. 1 2 3 "FAQs". Open Government Partnership. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  9. 1 2 "Samantha Power: what I learnt at the OGP". The Guardian. 2012-04-20. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  10. "OGP Steering Committee". Open Government Partnership. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  11. 1 2 "OGP Support Unit". Open Government Partnership. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  12. "Civil Society Engagement". Open Government Partnership. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  13. 1 2 3 "Eligibility Criteria". Open Government Partnership. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  14. "Develop a National Action Plan". Open Government Partnership. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  15. "Events". Open Government Partnership. Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  16. 1 2 "Summit Planned 2014 Indonesia". Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  17. "Pre-Registration | Mexico 2015 OGP Summit". Open Government Partnership. Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  18. "Open Government Awards". Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  19. 1 2 "Finances and Budget". Open Government Partnership. Retrieved 2016-04-27.
  22. "Policy on Upholding the Values and Principles of OGP, as Articulated in the Open Government Declaration". Open Government Partnership. Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  23. "MEDIA BRIEFING: Azerbaijan made inactive in Open Government Partnership". Open Government Partnership. Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  24. "Watchdogs call for OGP investigation into crackdown on Hungarian civil society". Sunlight Foundation. Retrieved 2016-05-09.

External links

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