Oneglia became a papal domain in the 8th century after the Lombards transferred control of the town to the pope. Oneglia suffered from a Muslim attack during this time. However, it later recovered as the town of Ripa Uneliae, and was governed by the bishop of Albenga. The Doria Family purchased Oneglia and Porto Maurizio in 1298. The Dorias ruled the town until the 16th century (there were some brief interludes in which the Doria did not rule the town during this time). One of the Dorias, Andrea Doria, was born in Oneglia in 1466.
In 1576 Oneglia and Porto Maurizio became part of the domain of the House of Savoy. The Savoyards attempted to develop Oneglia as a major port and the Savoyards and Genoese struggled for control of Oneglia during the Second Genoese-Savoyard War. Oneglia resisted Napoleon during his invasion of Italy. As a reward, it was made seat of the province in 1814 but in 1860 became part of the province of Porto Maurizio until 1923.
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- Roy Palmer Domenico, The regions of Italy: a reference guide to history and culture (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002), 165.
- Edmund Ludlow, The memoirs of Edmund Ludlow, lieutenant-general of the horse in the army of the commonwealth of England, 1625-1672, Volume 2. Editor: Charles Harding Firth (Clarendon Press, 1894), 438n.