Location of Omaezaki in Shizuoka Prefecture
|Coordinates: 34°38′16.6″N 138°7′41.1″E / 34.637944°N 138.128083°ECoordinates: 34°38′16.6″N 138°7′41.1″E / 34.637944°N 138.128083°E|
|• Mayor||Shigeo Ishihara (since April 2008)|
|• Total||65.56 km2 (25.31 sq mi)|
|Population (September 2015)|
|• Density||495/km2 (1,280/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Tree||Myrica rubra|
|- Flower||Calystegia soldanella|
|Address||5585, Ike-Shinden, Omaezaki-shi, Shizuoka-ken 437-1692|
Omaezaki City lies approximately 80 miles (130 km) south of Shizuoka City at the tip of a peninsula of the same name, stretching east into the Pacific Ocean. The majority of the city consists of gentle hills and valleys with some steep cliffs on the peninsula's east coast. Like much of Japan, Shizuoka Prefecture is an earthquake zone, and small tremors frequently occur in the area. Omaezaki is also in an area at risk from tsunami.
Omaezaki has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). Due to its location, Omaezaki experiences strong coastal winds between October and April. The Japanese rainy season also affects Omaezaki, with typhoons liable to hit the city between July and September. During summer, the region is cooler than the majority of inland Shizuoka Prefecture.
|Climate data for Omaezaki, Shizuoka|
|Average high °C (°F)|| 10.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)|| 6.0
|Average low °C (°F)|| 2.3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)|| 76.7
|Average relative humidity (%)||59||61||64||75||78||85||88||85||80||73||68||63||73.3|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||198.1||175.7||191.9||176.7||201.8||148.5||177.6||223.8||167.1||161.2||161.3||189.7||2,173.4|
|Source: NOAA (1961-1990)|
The modern city of Omaezaki was established on April 1, 2004, from the merger of the former town of Omaezaki (formerly part of Haibara District), absorbing the town of Hamaoka (formerly of the now-defunct Ogasa District).
Omaezaki has a long history of commercial fishing and of green tea cultivation and these continue to play a central role in the local economy. More recently, the Hamaoka Nuclear Power Plant situated in the former town of Hamaoka has brought investment to the city. Water sports account for a large number of visitors daily to the city, and during the summer months, tourism attracted by Omaezaki's beaches is an important part of the economy, and water sports made possible by strong coastal winds have become as much a part of Omaezaki's identity as that of a rural town.
Omaezaki has five elementary schools, two middle schools and one high school.
Omaezaki does not have any passenger rail services. However, it is connected with nearby major cities such as Shizuoka and Hamamatsu via Japan National Route 150 with extensive bus services. Omaezaki Port is a major port for eastern Shizuoka prefecture, including the industrial zone centered around Hamamatsu.
Omaezaki City has long been famed for its Omaezaki Lighthouse and its extensive green tea fields. In recent years the Hamaoka Nuclear Power Plant, the visitor centre of which also hosts an Omnimax Cinema, has become a well-known local landmark. Due to the active seismic nature of the region, the nuclear power station has been built to a high level of safety, and its operator, Chubu Electric Power, claims that it can withstand strong tremors.
As a result of the strong coastal winds, Omaezaki offers some of the best windsurfing in Japan. As well as being Japan's most famous windsurfing spot, Omaezaki is renowned as a popular surfing and bodyboarding destination. This is especially true during the summer months, although surfers and bodyboarders can be seen all year round at Omaezaki Long Beach (御前崎ロングビーチ). The city also has a beach as part of Omaezaki Marine Park (御前崎マリーンパーク) which is a popular destination during the region's hot and humid summer months.
Sister city relations
- "Omaezaki Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
- "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015.
Media related to Omaezaki, Shizuoka at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website (Japanese)