Renville County Courthouse
|Motto: "The Corn Capital"|
Location of Olivia
within Renville County, Minnesota
|Coordinates: 44°46′33″N 94°59′31″W / 44.77583°N 94.99194°W|
|• Mayor||Sue Hilgert|
|• Total||2.34 sq mi (6.06 km2)|
|• Land||2.34 sq mi (6.06 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,083 ft (330 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,432|
|• Density||1,061.5/sq mi (409.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0648947|
Olivia was platted in 1878, and reportedly named for a female station agent named Olive, according to local history. A post office has been in operation at Olivia since 1879. The county seat was transferred from Beaver Falls to Olivia in 1900.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.34 square miles (6.06 km2), all of it land.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,484 people, 1,038 households, and 653 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,061.5 inhabitants per square mile (409.8/km2). There were 1,142 housing units at an average density of 488.0 per square mile (188.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.9% White, 1.0% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 3.7% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.3% of the population.
There were 1,038 households of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.1% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.85.
The median age in the city was 40.8 years. 23.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 25.5% were from 45 to 64; and 19.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,570 people, 1,075 households, and 658 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,102.7 people per square mile (425.9/km²). There were 1,178 housing units at an average density of 505.4 per square mile (195.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.19% White, 0.12% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 2.57% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.63% of the population.
There were 1,075 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.7% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,060, and the median income for a family was $44,781. Males had a median income of $31,793 versus $25,541 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,889. About 6.0% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
Olivia's school system is partnered with Bird Island and Lake Lillian, and operates under the name BOLD Schools (Bird Island, Olivia, Lake Lillian District). The school mascot is the BOLD Warrior. The BOLD high school is in Olivia while the elementary is in the near town of Bird Island Minnesota. Also in the partnered town of Bird Island, is a catholic School.
Corn Capital of the World
The Minnesota Senate has designated Olivia the "Corn Capital of the World". Olivia has been calling itself the "Corn Capital of the World" since 1973, when it erected its well-known 50-foot corn monument in the shape of an ear of corn.
Olivia is the home to nine seed research facilities. It is located in the middle of Renville County, Minnesota's leading producer of corn.
- Corn Capital Days
Olivia celebrates Corn Capital Days during the last weekend of July. Activities include a parade, corn cob toss, corn-lympics, free corn feed, kiddie parade, Lion's walk-in, fly-in, drive-in breakfast, and live music.
- Blix Donnelly (1914–1976), baseball player
- Darwin Hall (1844-1919), Minnesota state legislator
- Roger Reinert (born 1970), member of the Minnesota Senate
- Kathleen Winsor (1919–2003), author of Forever Amber
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 458.
- "Renville County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
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