Ole Bull

"Ole Bornemann Bull" redirects here. For the virtuoso's eponymous violin, see List of Stradivarius instruments § Violins. For the ophthalmologist, see Ole Bornemann Bull (physician).
Ole Bull
Background information
Birth name Ole Bornemann Bull
Born (1810-02-05)5 February 1810
Origin Bergen, Norway
Died 17 August 1880(1880-08-17) (aged 70)
Genres Classical
Occupation(s) Musician
Instruments Violin

Ole Bornemann Bull (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈu:lə ˈbʉl];[1] 5 February 1810  17 August 1880) was a Norwegian violinist and composer.[2][3]



Bull was born in Bergen, Norway. He was the eldest of ten children of Johan Storm Bull (1787–1838) and Anna Dorothea Borse Geelmuyden (1789–1875). His brother, Georg Andreas Bull became a noted Norwegian architect. He was also the uncle of Edvard Hagerup Bull, Norwegian judge and politician.

His father wished for him to become a minister, but he desired a musical career. At the age of four or five, he could play all of the songs he had heard his mother play on the violin. At age nine, he played first violin in the orchestra of Bergen's theatre and was a soloist with the Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra.[4] At eighteen, he was sent to the University of Christiania, but failed his examinations. He joined the Musical Lyceum, a musical society, and after its director Waldemar Thrane took ill, Bull became the director of Musical Lyceum and the Theater Orchestra in 1828.[5] He also became friends with Henrik Wergeland, who later wrote a biography of Bull.[5]


Violinist and composer Ole Bull
Ole Bull performing
Statue of Ole Bull in Bergen

After living for a while in Germany, where he pretended to study law, he went to Paris but fared badly for a year or two. In 1832 in Paris he shared rooms with the Moravian violin virtuoso Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst. He was eventually successful in becoming a high-level virtuoso, giving thousands of concerts. In England alone these included 274 in 1837,[5] during which visit he also travelled to some of the more remote parts of Britain. Bull became very famous and made a huge fortune. He is believed to have composed more than 70 works, but only about 10 are known today. Best known is Sæterjentens søndag (The dairymaid's Sunday). He also was a clever luthier, after studies in Paris with Vuillaume. He collected many beautiful violins and violas of Amati, Gasparo da Salò, Guarneri, Stradivari and others. He was the owner of one of the finest violins of the world, made by Gasparo da Salò about 1574 for Ferdinand II, Archduke of Austria. He played a Guarneri del Gesù. The violin, a gift of his widow to Bull's birthplace, is now in the Bergen Vestlandske Kustindustrimuseum.[6] A commercial signature line of Ole Bull violins was manufactured in Germany.

Bull was caught up in a rising tide of Norwegian romantic nationalism, and acclaimed the idea of Norway as a sovereign state, separate from Sweden—which became a reality in 1905. In 1850, he co-founded the first theater in which actors spoke Norwegian rather than Danish, namely Det Norske Theater in Bergen—which later became Den Nationale Scene.[7]

In the summer of 1858, Bull met the 15-year-old Edvard Grieg. Bull was a friend of the Grieg family, since Ole Bull's brother was married to the sister of Grieg's mother. Bull noticed Edvard's talent and persuaded his parents to send him to further develop his talents at the Leipzig Conservatory.

Robert Schumann once wrote that Bull was among "the greatest of all," and that he was on a level with Niccolò Paganini for the speed and clarity of his playing. Bull was also a friend of Franz Liszt and played with him on several occasions.

Ole Bull Colony

Bull visited the United States several times and was met with great success. In 1852, he obtained a large tract of land in Pennsylvania and founded a colony he called New Norway, but that is commonly referred to as Ole Bull Colony. On 24 May 1852, he formally purchased 11,144 acres (45 km2) for $10,388. The land consisted of four communities: New Bergen, now known as Carter Camp; Oleana, named after him and his mother, six miles (10 km) south of New Bergen; New Norway, one mile south of New Bergen; and Valhalla in the Kettle Creek area.[8]

Bull called the highest point in Valhalla, Nordjenskald, which became the location of his unfinished castle. He soon gave up on this venture, as there was scarcely any land to till, and went back to giving concerts.[9]

Today the site is the location of the Ole Bull State Park, 132-acre (53 ha) state park in Stewardson Township, Potter County, Pennsylvania. Norwegian citizens paid for the construction of a monument on site to honor Ole Bull. The statue was placed in the park on the 150th anniversary of New Norway in 2002.[10]

Family life

In 1836, Bull married Alexandrine Félicie Villeminot. They had six children, only two of whom survived him. Alexandrine died in 1862. Their children were:

Ironwell, his summer residence at West Lebanon, Maine purchased in 1871
Grave of Ole Bull

In 1868 Bull met Sara Chapman Thorp (1850–1911), the daughter of a prosperous lumber merchant from Eau Claire, Wisconsin. On a return visit in 1870 (and despite their age difference; he was 60, she was 20), Bull began a courtship, and the couple was secretly married in Norway in June 1870, with a formal wedding in Madison later that year. They had one daughter, Olea (1871–1913). In 1871, he bought a summer home on a rise in West Lebanon, Maine which he named Ironwell.[12] Sara traveled with Bull for the remainder of his career, sometimes accompanying him on the piano. In 1883 she published a memoir of Bull's life.[13]

Ole Bull villa at Valestrandsfossen
Ole Bull villa at Lysøen

Later years

Ole Bull bought the island of Lysøen in Os, south of Bergen, in 1872. He hired architect Conrad Fredrik von der Lippe (1833-1901) to design a residence on the island. Bull died from cancer in his home on Lysøen on 17 August 1880. He had held his last concert in Chicago the same year, despite his illness. A testament to his fame was his funeral procession, perhaps the most spectacular in Norway's history. The ship transporting his body was guided by 15 steamers and a large number of smaller vessels. [14]



  1. "Pronunciation: Ole Bull" (2009-04-03) Forvo
  2. "''Ole Bull'' (Store norske leksikon)". Snl.no. 2013-02-27. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  3. "''Ole Bull / utdypning'' (Store norske leksikon)". Snl.no. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  4. "''Ole Bull'' (Classical Composers Database)". Classical-composers.org. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  5. 1 2 3 Haugen, Einar; Cai, Camilla (1993), Ole Bull: Norway's romantic musician and cosmopolitan patriot, University of Wisconsin Press, ISBN 978-0-299-13250-7, retrieved 2013-04-07
  6. "''Oles magiske fiolin'' (Bergen Vestlandske Kustindustrimuseum)". Kunstmuseene.no. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  7. Brekke, Nils Georg, ed. (1993). Kulturhistorisk vegbok Hordaland (in Norwegian). Bergen: Hordaland Fylkeskommune. p. 240. ISBN 82-7326-026-7.
  8. "''The Ole Bull Colony in Potter County, 1852'' (Potter County Historical Society, 1952; Ole Bull State Park signage, 2010)". Genealogytrails.com. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  9. "''Biography of Ole Bull''(Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission)". Portal.state.pa.us. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  10. "Ole Bull's Colony Historical Marker". Explore PA History. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
  11. "A Bull's Life — Ole Bull 200-års jubileum". Olebull2010.no. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  12. "Folio, A Journal of Music, Art and Literature," edited by Dexter Smith; Boston, April 1871. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  13. Ole Bull: a memoir, 1883
  14. Ola Storsletten. "Conrad Fredrik von der Lippe". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
  15. "''Museet Lysøen'' (Kunstmuseene i Bergen)". Lysoen.no. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  16. "''Remembering Ole Bull's dream'' (Royal Norwegian Embassy in Washington)". Norway.org. 2002-09-02. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  17. "''Ole Bull Cottage'' (An Intro to the History of the Green Acre Baha'i School in Eliot, Maine)". Bahai-library.com. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  18. "''Ole Bull Akademiet'' (Store norske leksikon)". Snl.no. 2013-02-27. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
  19. "Ole Bull Scene". Olebullscene.no. 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2013-04-07.

Further reading


Sæterjentas søndag
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