For other uses, see Oise (disambiguation).

Prefecture building of the Oise department, in Beauvais

Coat of arms

Location of Oise in France
Coordinates: 49°23′N 02°25′E / 49.383°N 2.417°E / 49.383; 2.417Coordinates: 49°23′N 02°25′E / 49.383°N 2.417°E / 49.383; 2.417
Country France
Region Hauts-de-France
Prefecture Beauvais
Subprefectures Clermont
  President of the General Council Yves Rome
  Total 5,860 km2 (2,260 sq mi)
Population (2013)
  Total 815,400
  Rank 26th
  Density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 60
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 21
Communes 690
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Oise (French pronunciation: [waz]) is a department in the north of France. It is named after the river Oise. Natives of the department are called Isariens.


Oise is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the province of Île-de-France and Picardy.

After the coalition victory at Waterloo, the department was occupied by British troops between June 1815 and November 1818.


Oise is part of the current region of Hauts-de-France and is situated 35 km north of Paris. It is surrounded by the departments of Somme, Aisne, Seine-et-Marne, Val-d'Oise, Eure, and Seine-Maritime.

Principal towns

Most Populous Oise communes[1]
Rank Commune Canton Arrondissement Population
1 Beauvais Beauvais-1
Beauvais 55,252
2 Compiègne Compiègne-1
Compiègne 40,430
3 Creil Creil Senlis 34,262
4 Nogent-sur-Oise Nogent-sur-Oise Senlis 18,753
5 Senlis Senlis Senlis 15,583
6 Crépy-en-Valois Crépy-en-Valois Senlis 14,962
7 Méru Méru Beauvais 13,995
8 Noyon Noyon Compiègne 13,894
9 Montataire Monataire Senlis 12,843
10 Pont-Sainte-Maxence Pont-Sainte-Maxence Senlis 12,637


The major tourist attraction of the department is the Parc Astérix, which opened in 1989. Another very interesting site is Beauvais Cathedral. Also to be seen is the Chateau de Pierrefonds, restored by Viollet-le-Duc. The art collection of the Château de Chantilly is one of the largest outside Paris.

Twinned county

Oise is twinned with Bedfordshire. One of the villages along the river Oise is Auvers-sur-Oise, famous for having been visited by several impressionist artists. This is where Vincent van Gogh spent his last 70 days and it is his and his brother Theo's resting place.

See also


  1. "Insee - Populations légales 2013". Insee. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
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