Brophy is an Irish surname of ancient origin, derived from the Irish "Uí Bhróithe" or "Ó Bróithe" septs that were located mostly around Ballybrophy, Laois, and in counties Carlow and Kilkenny. The family was first mentioned in the late 11th century, but as a member of the Dál Birn dynasty, its semi-legendary genealogy stretches back to AD 200 according to the Bodleian Library, MS Rawlinson B 502. The ancestral seat of the family chief became Ballybrophy (historically Ballybrohy, from Irish: Baile Uí Bhróithe, meaning "townland of Ó Bróithe"[1][2]) after the Norman Invasion of Ireland in the 12th century.

Giolla na Naomh Ó hUidhrín wrote in the 14th century that the earliest ancestor of the Brophys was Sedna, the great-grandson of the semi-legendary pre-Christian founder of the Kingdom of Ossory, Óengus Osrithe.[3]

In The Book of Rights, the Osraige are labelled as Síl mBresail Bric ("the seed of Bresail Bric") after Bressail Bricc, a remote ancestor of the Ossorians.[4] Bressail Bricc had two sons; Lughaidh, ancestor of the Laigan, and Connla, from whom the Ossorians sprang, through Óengus Osrithe.[5][6] Thus, the people of Osraige were also sometimes collectively referred to as Clann Connla.[7]

"The Annals of the Four Masters" records the death of Gilla Molua O'Brophy (Ua Bruaidheada) of Rath Tamnaighe (Lisdowney, Kilkenny) in 1069.[8] The "Annals of Ulster" mentions that Connor O'Brophy (Conchobar Ua Broighthe), King of Ceann Chaille, and Domhnall Mac Gilla Patraic, King of Upper Ossory, were slain by the O'Moore's in 1165.[3]

Giolla na Naomh Ó hUidhrín mentions the O'Brophys as residing in Magh Sedna (the Plain of Sedna) in the barony of Galmoy, Kilkenny in his 14th century work, "Tuilleadh feasa ar Éirinn óigh."[3] William O'Brothe was appointed Prior of the Augustinian Monastery of St. Tigernacius of Aghamacart by Pope Sixtus IV on 31 March 1481.[9] William is likely to have been the illegitimate son of Philip O'Brothe, Abbot of Kilcooley Abbey, whom Pope Pius II legitimised and instructed to be taken on as a monk at the Abby after his father's death.[10]

When Florence Fitzpatrick, 3rd Baron Upper Ossory, the son of the last person to have claim to the kingship of Osraige, was pardoned by Queen Elizabeth I in 1601, his kinsmen, the Brophys and other "old tribesman of Upper Ossory," were also mentioned in the pardon.[11] Ui Broithe was first anglicised as O'Broghie in the Patent Rolls of James I in 1603 and 1607.[12]

Their territory comprised the level portion of the barony of Galmoy, in the county of Kilkenny. They were driven from the plain of Magh Sedna into Upper Ossory, after the Norman invasion of Ireland, and their chief settled at Ballybrophy, near Borris-in-Ossory, in Queen's County (now County Laois).[12]

Train Depot in Ballybrophy, Ireland

Notable individuals with the surname Brophy include the following:

The chapel at Brophy

Brophy College Preparatory is a Jesuit high school located in Phoenix, Arizona. Its chapel was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993.

See also


  1. Placenames Database of Ireland (see archival records)
  2. A. D. Mills, 2003, A Dictionary of British Place-Names, Oxford University Press
  3. 1 2 3 Carriagan, William (1905). The history and antiquities of the diocese of Ossory, Volume 1. Dublin: Sealy, Bryers & Walker. p. 12.
  5. Genealogies from Rawlinson B 502
  6. Keating
  7. The Fragmentary Annals of Ireland (FA4) found online through UCC CELT
  8. The Journal of the Royal Historical and Archaeological Association of Ireland, Vol. 4, 1876–78. Dublin: The University Press. 1879. pp. 384–385.
  9. Letters of simple and unlimited protection for the Prior and canons of Fertackerach and Ackidmacarth in Ireland
  10. "Vatican Regesta 496: 1463–1464", in Calendar of Papal Registers Relating To Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 11, 1455–1464, ed. J A Twemlow (London, 1921), pp. 505–509. Accessed 6 August 2015.
  11. Carriagan, William (1905). The history and antiquities of the diocese of Ossory, Volume 1. Dublin: Sealy, Bryers & Walker. p. 90.
  12. 1 2 O'Donovan, John (1862). The topographical poems of John O'Dubhagain and Giolla na naomh O'Huidhrin. Dublin: Alexander Thomas. p. 97.
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