Volume 1 theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Lars von Trier|
|Written by||Lars von Trier|
|Cinematography||Manuel Alberto Claro|
Nymphomaniac (stylized onscreen and in advertising as NYMPH()MANIAC) is a 2013 two-part drama art film written and directed by Lars von Trier. The film stars Charlotte Gainsbourg, Stellan Skarsgård, Stacy Martin, Shia LaBeouf, Christian Slater, Jamie Bell, Uma Thurman, Willem Dafoe and Connie Nielsen. The film was originally supposed to be only one complete entry; but, because of its four-hour length, von Trier made the decision to split the project into two separate films. Nymphomaniac was an international co-production of Denmark, Belgium, France, and Germany.
The world premiere of the uncut version of "Volume I" of the original five-and-half-hour-long version occurred on 16 February 2014 at the 64th Berlin International Film Festival. The world premiere of the uncut version of "Volume II" debuted at 2014's Venice Film Festival. A "secret" advance screening of Part I occurred at the Sundance Film Festival on 21 January 2014, at the Egyptian Theater with tickets distributed bearing the film title "Film X" amidst rumors the film could either be von Trier's film, or Wes Anderson's The Grand Budapest Hotel. The general release world premiere of the complete 5½ hours Director's Cut took place in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 10 September 2014. The film was nominated for the 2014 Nordic Council Film Prize.
On a snowy evening, the middle-aged bachelor Seligman (Stellan Skarsgård) finds the self-diagnosed nymphomaniac Joe (Charlotte Gainsbourg) beaten up and lying in the alleyway behind his apartment. He takes her back to his home and, over tea, listens intently as Joe recounts the eventful story of her libidinous life. Seligman, a highly-educated but cloistered man, connects and analyzes Joe's stories with what he has read about. Seligman's favourite hobby to read about is fly fishing, which is why he has the fly fishing hook on the wall and this is how their conversation begins. Throughout the story he parallels much of what she has experienced with various methods of the sport.
- 1. "The Compleat Angler"
Inspired by a fly fishing hook in the wall behind her and Seligman's love of Izaak Walton's book The Compleat Angler, Joe opens her story by talking about her precocious sexual fascination during her early childhood. Her father (Christian Slater) is a tree-loving doctor whom she adores while her mother (Connie Nielsen) is, as Joe describes her, "a cold bitch". In adolescence (Stacy Martin), she loses her virginity to an arbitrary young man named Jerôme (Shia LaBeouf). This first encounter, which ends with Jerôme casually leaving her to fix his moped, leaves her disappointed, while Seligman observes that the combination of the number of times Jerôme penetrated her, three times vaginally and five times anally, resembles the Fibonacci sequence.
Several years later, Joe engages in a contest with her friend B (Sophie Kennedy Clark) during a train journey; whichever of the two women has sex with the most passengers by the train's arrival at the station wins a bag of chocolate sweets. After having sex in the toilet with several of the men she comes across, Joe wins by performing a blow job on a passenger in a first class car, S (Jens Albinus). S is a married man who resists both her and B's advances, but ultimately Joe forces herself on him. Joe tells Seligman her encounter with S is the first of many terrible things she's done, but he waves off her accusation.
- 2. "Jerôme"
Over rugelach and a discussion over the lack of masculinity in men using cake forks to eat pastry, Joe talks about her first experiences with actual love, something she dismisses as "lust with jealousy added." Joe takes on more lovers as she, B, and several friends create a club, "The Little Flock", dedicated to liberating themselves from society's fixation on love. Joe eventually leaves after all the other members end up developing serious attachments to their conquests. As a young adult, Joe drops out of medical school and finds work as a secretary at a printing company. Her first employer is none other than Jerôme. While sexual intentions are clearly on his mind, she finds herself avoiding his advances and sleeping with other co-workers, frustrating him. When Joe finally realizes she has developed feelings for Jerôme, she writes him a letter. However, she is too late as he has left along with his uncle's jealous secretary Liz (Felicity Gilbert), who was fully aware of Joe's feelings. She is immediately fired by his uncle (Jesper Christensen), the actual owner of the company, for her lack of experience and goes back to indulging her nymphomania, despite a yearning for Jerôme.
- 3. "Mrs. H"
On one occasion with one of her lovers, H (Hugo Speer), Joe inadvertently causes conflict that makes him leave his wife for her. The distressed Mrs. H (Uma Thurman) arrives and demonizes both of them in front of her children, though Joe states in the present that this barely affected her. The situation then becomes more awkward as Joe's next lover, A (Cyron Melville), arrives at the house and finds himself in the middle of Mrs. H's mental breakdown. The family finally leaves, but not before Mrs. H verbally lacerates Joe, slaps her now ex-husband and leaves the apartment wailing.
- 4. "Delirium"
A conversation about Edgar Allan Poe and his death from delirium tremens reminds Joe of the last time she saw her father. She is the only one to visit him in the hospital as he dies of cancer. Joe’s father asks her not to slander her mother, who is afraid of hospitals, for not being by his side, explaining they said their goodbyes. Joe is a firsthand witness as her father deteriorates into fits of violent spasms, paranoid delusions and screams for his wife. To take her mind off her father’s suffering, Joe has sexual intercourse with several people at the hospital. When he finally dies, Joe becomes sexually aroused, with a drop of vaginal fluid running down her thigh as she stands in front of the body, and becomes numb with depression.
- 5. "The Little Organ School"
After Seligman explains how he feels Bach perfected polyphony, Joe uses his example to talk about three lovers leading up to her "cantus firmus." The "bass voice", F (Nicolas Bro) is a tender, but predictable man who puts her sexual needs above his own. The "second voice", G (Christian Gade Bjerrum), thrills Joe because of his animalistic control of her in bed. During one of Joe's regular walks in the local park, Jerôme finds her after separating from Liz, a coincidence Seligman finds preposterous, and they embrace. As the two engage in authentically passionate sex - set alongside Joe's experiences with F and G - Joe becomes emotionally distraught when discovering she can no longer 'feel anything'.
Joe becomes annoyed with Seligman, accusing him of overlooking the severity of her lost sexuality to focus on the allegorical before realizing he can't relate to her stories. He goes on to confirm his asexuality and virginity, but assures her his lack of bias and "innocence" makes him the best man to listen to her story. She becomes inspired to tell him another portion of her life after noticing a Rublev-styled icon of the Virgin Mary and a discussion about the differences between the Eastern Church ("the church of happiness") and the Western Church ("the church of suffering").
- 6. "The Eastern and the Western Church (The Silent Duck)"
Joe reminisces about a field trip as a young girl that suggests she had a vision of Valeria Messalina and the Whore of Babylon looking over her as she levitates and spontaneously has her first orgasm, which shocks Seligman as he explains her orgasm is a mockery of the Transfiguration of Jesus on the Mount. Returning to where she left off in "The Little Organ School", Joe falls into a crisis upon losing her ability to achieve sexual pleasure, though she does find a different sort of pleasure in her time with Jerôme. When the two conceive a baby together, Marcel, Jerôme struggles to keep up with her sexual needs and allows her to see other men. This is shown to be detrimental later, however, as he becomes jealous of her endeavors.
Several years later to no success, Joe's sexual endeavors become increasingly adventurous by engaging in a tryst with a pair of African brothers, that turns into a botched threesome; the frustration to reclaim her orgasm culminates in visits to K (Jamie Bell), a sadist who violently assaults women seeking his company. The more she visits him, the more neglectful she becomes in her domestic duties. On Christmas, after stopping an unattended Marcel who has wandered out an opened door onto a snowy balcony from coming into any harm, Jerôme forces her to choose between the family and K. She picks the latter and, after receiving an especially brutal beating from K with a cat o' nine tails that allows her to climax again, takes a path of loneliness away from her one and only possibility of a normal life. Marcel is sent to live in a foster home because Jerôme has no room in his life for him.
Joe concludes the story, to keep it from ending on an unhappy note, with the first time K introduced her to "the Silent Duck", which leaves Seligman surprised and impressed at K's talents.
- 7. "The Mirror"
Looking at the mirror facing Seligman's bed, Joe jumps ahead in time. Several years later, Joe has regained pleasure, but her genitalia are left with some irreversible damage due to a lifetime of sexual activity mixed with K's brutality. Her habits are known around her new office, prompting the boss to demand she attend sex addiction therapy under the threat of losing her current and any future jobs she takes.
When asked why she refused to attend therapy, Joe talks about becoming pregnant after leaving Jerôme and Marcel. Joe forcibly asks her doctor to abort the 11-week pregnancy immediately, but he insists she speak to a counselor first. The visit to the psychologist (Caroline Goodall) ends disastrously due to Joe's attitude towards the situation. She decides to take matters into her own hands and perform the abortion on herself. Using the knowledge she had retained from medical school, Joe aborts the fetus with the use of several household implements and a wire hanger. Back in the present, Joe and Seligman get into a very heated argument regarding Joe's actions, abortion rights in general and Seligman's potential hypocrisy in supporting them while wanting to know nothing about how the actual procedure is performed. This scene can be seen only on the Director's Cut edition.
Joe reluctantly attends the meetings and, after ridding her apartment of almost everything in it, attempts sobriety. During one meeting three weeks later, she sees a reflection of her younger self in the mirror, harshly insults every member of the group, including the therapist, and proclaims pride in her sexuality before walking out.
Joe tells Seligman she isn't sure where to conclude her story as she's used every item from around his room to help inspire each "chapter". After a suggestion from him, she notices how the stain from a cup of tea she had earlier thrown in anger looks like a Walther PPK, the same kind of gun her favorite literary character James Bond uses, and knows exactly how and where to end her story.
- 8. "The Gun"
Realizing she has no place in society, Joe turns to organized crime and becomes a debt collector, utilizing her extensive knowledge of men, sex and sadomasochism. She reminisces about a memorable house call to a man (Jean-Marc Barr) who she initially finds sexually unreadable. She ties him to a chair, strips him and attempts to provoke him with every sexual scenario she can think of. Upon further interrogation, Joe gleans that he is a deeply closeted pedophile. She takes pity on him and fellates him. Joe explains to Seligman how she feels deep compassion for people born with a forbidden sexuality. She strongly identifies with the man's loneliness and status as a sexual outcast, and applauds him for going through life without acting on his aberrant desires.
Joe's superior, L (Willem Dafoe), recommends that she grooms an apprentice and suggests P (Mia Goth), the 15-year-old daughter of criminals. Joe is initially repulsed by the idea, but ends up sympathizing with the girl in question. P is a vulnerable, lonely, emotionally damaged young girl who quickly latches herself onto Joe. The two of them click and form a special connection. Joe opens her heart to P and eventually invites her to move into her home. Over time, Joe and P's relationship develops a sexual dimension, leading to romance. As P seems to mature, Joe hesitantly decides to teach her young female lover the ropes of her trade.
During one round of debt collection, Joe notices that they are at a house belonging to Jerôme (now played by Michaël Pas) and, to make sure she is not seen, tells P to perform her first solo job. This proves to be a mistake as Joe eventually discovers P is having an affair with Jerôme. After finding her "soul tree" in a failed attempt to leave town, Joe waits for Jerôme and P in the alley between his home and her apartment and pulls a gun she confiscated from P earlier on him. When she pulls the trigger, she forgets to rack the pistol. Jerôme viciously beats Joe and then has sex with P right in front of her, thrusting into P in exactly the same way he once took her virginity. P urinates on her before leaving her as she was at the beginning of the film.
In the present, Seligman suggests how the circumstances of Joe's life might have been due to differences in gender representation; all of the stigma, guilt and shame she felt for her actions made her fight back aggressively "like a man", ultimately "forgetting" to rack the gun because her human worth wouldn't allow her to kill someone, even Jerôme. Joe, who has until this moment been playing devil's advocate to Seligman's assumptions, finally feels at peace, having unburdened her story. She says she is too tired to go on and asks to go to sleep.
As Joe begins to drift off, Seligman silently returns. He climbs into the bed with his pants off and attempts to rape her. Joe wakes up and, realizing what Seligman is doing, reaches for and racks the gun. Seligman protests and attempts to justify his behavior, but Joe shoots him, grabs her things, and flees the apartment.
- Charlotte Gainsbourg as Joe (ages 35–50)
- Stacy Martin as young Joe (ages 15–31)
- Stellan Skarsgård as Seligman
- Shia LaBeouf as Jerôme Morris
- Christian Slater as Joe's father
- Jamie Bell as K
- Uma Thurman as Mrs. H
- Willem Dafoe as L
- Mia Goth as P
- Sophie Kennedy Clark as B
- Connie Nielsen as Katherine (Joe's mother)
- Michaël Pas as Older Jerôme
- Jean-Marc Barr as the Debtor Gentleman
- Udo Kier as The Waiter
Vol. I cast
- Maja Arsovic as Joe (7 years)
- Sofie Kasten as B (10 years)
- Ananya Berg as Joe (10 years)
- James Northcote as Young Lad 1 on Train
- Charlie G. Hawkins as Young Lad 2 on Train
- Jens Albinus as S
- Felicity Gilbert as Liz (Secretary)
- Jesper Christensen as Jerôme's Uncle
- Hugo Speer as Mr. H
- Cyron Melville as Andy (A)
- Saskia Reeves as Nurse
- Nicolas Bro as F
- Christian Gade Bjerrum as G
Vol. II cast
Executive producer and Zentropa co-founder Peter Aalbæk Jensen revealed that the film is to be two parts. "We are making two films. It is a big operation. I personally hope that we should be ready for Cannes next year. We will shoot both and edit both – and we want to finish both at the same time." He explained there will be two versions of each film: an explicit cut and a softer cut.
LaBeouf said in August 2012 that, "The movie is what you think it is. It is Lars von Trier, making a movie about what he's making. For instance, there's a disclaimer at the top of the script that basically says we're doing it for real. Everything that is illegal, we'll shoot in blurred images. Other than that, everything is happening. ... [V]on Trier's dangerous. He scares me. And I'm only going to work now when I'm terrified."
To produce scenes of simulated sex, von Trier used digital compositing to superimpose the genitals of pornographic film actors onto the bodies of the film's actors. Producer Louise Vesth explained during the Cannes Film Festival:
We shot the actors pretending to have sex and then had the body doubles, who really did have sex, and in post we will digital impose the two. So above the waist it will be the star and the (sic) below the waist it will be the doubles.
Gainsbourg and Martin further revealed that prosthetic vaginas and closed sets were used during filming. Martin stated that her acting experience for the film was enjoyable and, after explaining that the film's characters are a reflection of the director himself, referred to the process as an "honour." Martin also stated that shooting the sex scenes was a bit boring due to their technical nature.
The film makes several references to the other films in the trilogy. For example, the scene showing Marcel approaching an open upper floor window references the similar sequence during the beginning of Antichrist and even uses the same background music from that aforementioned scene. Furthermore, Joe's monologue about loneliness is edited to shots of the universe from Melancholia. As a reference to von Trier's comments at the 2011 Cannes Film Festival, during a scene available in the director's cut only, "Joe says she could understand dictators such as Hitler. Seligman shakes his head in disbelief. After she showed sympathy for racists and pedophiles, it is quite obvious that she also has to sympathize with the biggest mass murderer in history." Joe has been referred to as a "proto-fascist heroine."
A seven-track soundtrack was released digitally by Zentropa on 27 June 2014, containing a mix of classical and modern rock music, along with two sound clips from the prologue of the film.
- Prologue part I – Kristian Eidnes Andersen
- "Führe mich" – bonus track from Rammstein's 2009 album Liebe ist für alle da
- Sonata for Violin and Piano in A major, arranged for cello (César Franck) – Henrik Dam Thomsen and Ulrich Staerk
- Suite for Jazz Orchestra No. 2 (Shostakovich) (Dmitri Shostakovich) – Russian State Symphony Orchestra
- "Ich ruf zu dir, Herr Jesu Christ, BWV 639", chorale prelude by Johann Sebastian Bach – Mads Høck
- Prologue part II – Kristian Eidnes Andersen
- "Hey Joe" – Charlotte Gainsbourg
Songs not included
- Waltz from Jazz Suite No. 2 (Dmitri Shostakovich) – Rundfunk-Sinfonieorchester Berlin
- "Born to Be Wild" – Steppenwolf
- The Carnival of the Animals: XIII. Le Cygne (The Swan) (Camille Saint-Saëns) – Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra
- Missa Hodie Christus natus est: I. Kyrie (Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina) – Schola Cantorum of Oxford
- Das Rheingold: Verwandlungsmusik (Richard Wagner) – Staatsorchester Stuttgart
- Bagatelle in A minor, WoO 59 "Für Elise" (Ludwig van Beethoven) – Balázs Szokolay
- "Lascia ch'io pianga" (George Frideric Handel) – Tuva Semmingsen and Barokksolistene
- Requiem Mass In D minor, K. 626: I. Introitus: Requiem aeternam (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart) – Slovak Philharmonic & Chorus
- "Burning Down the House" (live) – Talking Heads
In early 2013, the first teaser poster was released from the film's official website. Shortly thereafter, Zentropa released a promotional photo shoot featuring the film's main characters posing in suggestive positions and a list of the film's chapters. This was followed by the release of a picture of Trier himself with duct tape covering his mouth, accompanied by a press release explaining the official launch of the film's campaign.
An incremental marketing campaign was used to promote the film, as brief video segments, each described as an "appetizer" by the film's production company, were released on the Internet leading up to the film's release date. Each appetizer represented each of the eight chapters of Nymphomaniac and the first one, entitled "The Compleat Angler," appeared on 28 June 2013, the last Friday of the month—this pattern would be followed for the monthly release of the subsequent clips. Following "The Compleat Angler," "Jerôme," featuring Martin and LaBeouf, was released in August; "Mrs. H" in September; the predominantly black-and-white "Delirium" (containing a voice-over by Skarsgård) was released in October; in November, the appetizer for "The Little Organ School" was uploaded to YouTube, but was quickly removed due to its explicit content; on 29 November, "The Eastern and the Western Church" was released exclusively for Vimeo; in December, the appetizer for "The Mirror" was released, again on Vimeo; and on 25 December, leading into the European release of the film, "The Gun" was released on the film's official website.
In October 2013, a series of posters were released, each depicting the film's characters during the moment of orgasm. Along with the appetizers and the character posters, five theatrical posters (three for the complete feature and one for each volume) and an international trailer featuring some of the explicit sexual scenes, were released.
In July 2014, Zentropa revealed the poster for the Extended Director's Cut when announcing the extended version's premiere at the Venice Film Festival. The poster combined the original teaser with Lars von Trier standing in between the two parentheses.
In Pinellas Park, Florida, it was reported that the international trailer had been shown by mistake to the audience before the Disney PG-rated animated film Frozen. However, it was later acknowledged that it was extremely unlikely that any section of the film could have been played; it is believed that the film accidentally played was Dallas Buyers Club, which opens with a sex scene.
Von Trier's complete five-and-a-half-hour version was released in few territories and only long after the original premiere. Instead, a four-hour version was edited without the director's involvement and has been used for the film's international release, divided into two volumes — Volume I and Volume II — with ninety minutes missing.
Lars von Trier’s upcoming NYMPHOMANIAC is distributed in two parts (Volume I and II) and two versions (one lasting four hours in total, one in five and a half hours in total). From 25 December 2013, and approximately four months ahead, the four-hour long NYMPHOMANIAC Volume I and II is released worldwide. In some territories the two volumes will be released at the same time, and in some territories the volumes will be released apart. Each country has its own rules of censorship and in order to create cohesion between each country’s distribution strategies the four-hour long version will be the one released first. And even this version is expected to meet minor additional changes in certain countries. Just as Lars von Trier gave consent to the making of different censored versions of ANTICHRIST, when that film was released, Trier has also approved of this version of NYMPHOMANIAC. Technically the changes in the abridged version consist of an editing-out of the most explicit close-ups of genitals and the film has, in agreement with Lars von Trier, been shortened by his editors to a length, which has been decided upon in collaboration with several of the film’s stakeholders, two parts of two hours each. The five-and-a-half-hour long version of NYMPHOMANIAC Volume I and II expect to be finalized for distribution sometime in 2014. When, exactly, is to be confirmed. This version will be distributed in those parts of the world where laws of censorship allow. Ever since NYMPHOMANIAC was announced as Lars von Trier’s next project it’s been out in the open that the film would be distributed in different versions, ensuring financing, and as widespread distribution of NYMPHOMANIAC as possible, and finally to ensure Lars von Trier as much artistic freedom as possible.
We knew from the beginning that there would be various versions. But we didn't really work with that. We worked with one film, and that’s the film that is Lars’ version, the Director’s Cut. Then, after we’d worked with that for eight months, we used a month to do the shorter version. So it wasn't really like trying to do different versions at once. We just did one film – a film that we really liked. A long film with a break, basically.
The film's UK premiere took place on 22 February 2014. In the United States, the film was also released in two parts, billed as Nymphomaniac: Volume I and Nymphomaniac: Volume II, but on separate dates: 21 March 2014 and 4 April 2014. Volume I was released 6 March 2014 on demand.
In February 2014, a complete Director's Cut version of the film's Volume I was screened at the Berlin Film Festival. In September 2014, a complete Director's Cut version of the film's Volume I and Volume II was screened at the Venice Film Festival.
The complete five-and-a-half-hour Director's Cut, including both volumes, was finally released to a general audience in Copenhagen, Denmark, premiering on 10 September 2014, where it was shown with a half-hour intermission at a red carpet gala screening with von Trier present in the audience; at this premiere, during the film's restored abortion sequence, where Joe performs an abortion on herself, three male audience members fainted and had to be carried out of the cinema.
Censored four hour version
On Rotten Tomatoes, Volume I achieved a 75% "Fresh" rating with an average rating of 6.8/10, based on 178 reviews; the consensus states: "Darkly funny, fearlessly bold, and thoroughly indulgent, Nymphomaniac finds Lars von Trier provoking viewers with customary abandon." Volume II received a 59% rating with an average rating of 6.2/10—based on 116 reviews; the consensus states: "It doesn't quite live up to the promise of the first installment, but Nymphomaniac: Volume II still benefits from Lars von Trier's singular craft and vision, as well as a bravura performance from Charlotte Gainsbourg." On Metacritic, the first volume holds a 64/100 rating based on 41 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". However, on Metacritic, the second volume received a 60/100 rating based on 34 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".
In England, Martin Solibakke of Mancunion praised Martin's performance, saying he had "never felt so sure about an actress' future success since I saw Jennifer Lawrence in Winter's Bone four years ago". He ended his review with hailing the film, saying "Lars von Trier ends up hitting the G-spot of avant-garde filmmaking with a movie only he could ever make, and gives the open-minded members of the audience one of the most powerful and sensational experiences ever seen in arts."
Michelle Orange of The Village Voice called it a "jigsaw opus, an extended and generally exquisitely crafted riff." In The Australian, David Stratton said that he "detested" some of Trier's films, and states that Nymphomaniac "seems designed to be his magnum opus, the film in which he gets to rail against everything he loathes about contemporary life and contemporary cinema." The modified version is screening in Australia, officially referred to as the "international" version. Stratton further stated on the television review program At the Movies that he found the four hour runtime of the film to be "daunting", but praised some of the performances, particularly those of Stacy Martin and Jamie Bell. Stratton's co-host Margaret Pomeranz meanwhile, while also praising the boldness of the performances, felt the film's unsimulated depictions of sex didn't add to the narrative and as such had, "such an undercurrent of sadism that I was, not repelled, but distanced". ThoughtCatalog remarked on how the plot failed to be consistent or plausible.
On the Melbourne community radio station, 3RRR, film criticism program "Plato's Cave" praised von Trier's work on Nymphomaniac and presenters, Thomas Caldwell and Josh Nelson, defended the director against accusations of misogyny. Both presenters agreed that actresses who von Trier has worked with, such as Nicole Kidman and Björk, have delivered excellent performances in his films, while Nelson referred to Antichrist and Melancholia, the first two installments of the Depression Trilogy, as "masterpieces". Caldwell concludes the review by stating, "... if you're coming new to him [Von Trier], I think this is a real crash course in all his preoccupations."
Extended 5½ hour Director's Cut version
When the complete Director's Cut had its general release world premiere in Copenhagen on 10 September 2014, major Danish critics gave it high ratings. In spite of this, the Director's Cut sold only 3,494 tickets in Danish cinemas.
|Award||Category||Recipients and nominees||Result|
|Bodil Awards||Best Danish Film||Lars von Trier||Nominated|
|Best Actress||Charlotte Gainsbourg||Won|
|Best Actress||Stacy Martin||Nominated|
|Best Actor||Stellan Skarsgård||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Uma Thurman||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actor||Jamie Bell||Nominated|
|Robert Award||Best Danish Film||Lars von Trier||Won|
|Best Original Script||Lars von Trier||Won|
|Best Photography||Manuel Alberto Claro||Nominated|
|Best Costume||Manon Rasmussen||Won|
|Best Makeup||Dennis Knudsen, Morten Jacobsen, and Thomas Foldberg||Nominated|
|Best Visual Effects||Peter Hjorth||Won|
|Best Sound Design||Kristian Selin Eidnes Andersen||Won|
|Best Editing||Molly Malene Stensgaard and Morten Højbjerg||Nominated|
|Best Cinematography||Simone Grau Roney||Won|
|Best Production Design||Peter Grant||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Uma Thurman||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actress||Stacy Martin||Nominated|
|Best Actor||Stellan Skarsgård||Nominated|
|Best Actress||Charlotte Gainsbourg||Nominated|
|Best Director||Lars von Trier||Won|
Nymphomaniac was released both together (in a two-disc set) and separately via DVD and Blu-ray in the United States on 8 July 2014. The Extended Director's Cut was made available in the US on both home media formats on 25 November 2014. In December 2014, the Director's Cut was released on Netflix, where the theatrical versions were already streaming.
- "NYMPHOMANIAC VOL. I (18)". Artificial Eye. British Board of Film Classification. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Nymphomaniac Volume I (long version)". berlinale.de. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "NYMPHOMANIAC VOL. II (18)". Artificial Eye. British Board of Film Classification. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- "Nymphomaniac Volume II (long version)". labiennale.org. Retrieved 2014. Check date values in:
- Debruge, Peter (17 December 2013). "Film Review: 'Nymphomaniac'". Variety. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
- "Von Trier's 'Nymphomaniac' struggles with Israeli release". I24news. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
- "Nymphomaniac: Volume I (2014)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Nymphomaniac: Volume II (2014)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "World premiere of Lars von Trier's Long Uncut Version of Nymphomaniac Volume I". berlinale. Retrieved 2014-01-01.
- "'NYMPHOMANIAC Volume II – Director's Cut Selected for Venice Film Festival". MICHELLE RIIS MICHAELSEN. Retrieved 2014-07-24.
- "Sundance: A Filmmaker's Mom Reviews 'Nymphomaniac'". Retrieved 19 January 2015.
- Knight, Chris (20 March 2014). "Nymphomaniac, Volumes I and II, reviewed: Lars von Trier's sexually graphic pairing will titillate, but fails to satisfy". National Post. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- Barraclough, Leo (12 September 2012). "Christian Slater joins 'Nymphomaniac'". Variety. Archived from the original on 28 December 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
- Roxborough, Scott (17 October 2012). "Lars von Trier Veterans Willem Dafoe, Udo Kier Complete 'Nymphomaniac' Cast". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 28 December 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
- "Mia Goth". Curtis Brown Literary and Talent Agency. Archived from the original on 28 December 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
- Jagernauth, Kevin. "Watch: First Clip From Lars Von Trier's 'Nymphomaniac'". IndieWire. Retrieved 2013-06-28.
- Roxborough, Scott (27 August 2012). "Jamie Bell, Connie Nielsen Join Lars von Trier's 'Nymphomaniac'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 28 December 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
- "Tania Carlin – News". TaniaCarlin.com. 17 September 2012. Archived from the original on 28 December 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
- Macnab, Geoffrey (26 April 2012). "Lars von Trier to make Nymphomaniac in two feature-length parts". Screen Daily. Archived from the original on 28 December 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2012.(subscription required)
- Sullivan, Kevin P.; Horowitz, Josh (18 August 2012). "Shia LaBeouf Will Do 'Whatever Is Asked' for 'Nymphomaniac'". MTV News. Archived from the original on 28 December 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
- Lanxon, Nate (22 May 2013). "Hardcore sex in 'Nymphomaniac' puts porn actor genitals on cast's bodies". Wired UK. Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- Xan Brooks; Henry Barnes (20 February 2014). "Nymphomaniac star Charlotte Gainsbourg: 'The sex wasn't hard. The masochistic scenes were embarrassing' – video interview" (Video upload). The Guardian. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "Stacy Martin and Shia LaBeouf used Body Doubles for Sex Scenes". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
- Hoberman, J. (26 March 2014). "Sex: The Terror and the Boredom". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Nymphomaniac: Volume II". Movie Censorship. 1 December 2014. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- Whitfield, Ed (23 February 2014). "Film Review: Nymphomaniac Volumes 1 and 2". The Ooh Tray: Word Bombs. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- Sarah Salovaara (3 September 2013). "A Trailer in Clips: Lars von Trier's Curious Nymphomaniac Rollout". Filmmaker Magazine. Filmmaker Magazine. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- Matthew Jacobs (29 November 2013). "New 'Nymphomaniac' Clip Places Charlotte Gainsbourg In Compromising Position (Very NSFW)". Huffington Post. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- "'Nymphomaniac' Character Posters Showcase Shia LaBeouf, Uma Thurman In Salacious Moments (Slightly NSFW)". Huffington Post. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
- none (24 July 2013). "/". /. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- "Nymphomaniac Trailer Shocks Frozen Audience". IGN. 4 December 2013.
- Child, Ben (4 December 2013). "Nymphomaniac trailer accidentally shown to Florida children". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
- "Why the Sexual Content Before That Florida Frozen Screening Couldn't Have Been Nymphomaniac". Film School Rejects. 4 December 2013.
- "Sex Scene Screened Before 'Frozen' Probably Wasn't 'Nymphomaniac,' Unfortunately". Yahoo! News. 4 December 2013.
- "Unrated 'Nymphomaniac' Hits Theaters". The Wrap. Retrieved 1 July 2014.
- "Nymphomaniac". Ekkofilm.dk. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- "Nymphomaniac International Press Materials" (PDf). Nymphomaniacthemovie.com. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- http://www.dfi-film.dk/nymphomaniac-long Nymphomaniac-editor
- Joseph, Matthew (26 November 2013). "Lars Von Trier's 5 Hour Cut Of Nymphomaniac Will Arrive In 2014". WeGotThisCovered.com. We Got This Covered. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- Don Groves (5 February 2014). "Nymphomaniac finds a date in Oz". if.com.au. IF (IF). Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- Thomas Caldwell and Josh Nelson (31 March 2014). "Broadcast on Monday, March 31st, 2014, 7:00 PM" (Podcast). Plato's Cave. 3RRR. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- "'Nymphomaniac Vol. 1′ Review: Bigger, Longer and Uncut - Variety". Variety. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- "Rearview: Lars von Trier's Nymphomaniac Now More Outrageous Than Ever - Variety". Variety. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- "Lars von Trier at gala screening of complete Nymph()maniac Director's Cut - Ekstra Bladet, September 10 2014". Ekstrabladet.dk. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- "Så voldsom er Triers 'directors cut': Tre mænd fik ildebefindende til gallapremiere". Bt.dk. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- "Nymphomaniac: Volume I (2014)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
- "Nymphomaniac: Volume II (2014)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
- "Nymphomaniac: Part One". Metacritic. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
- "Nymphomaniac: Part Two". Metacritic. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
- "Nymphomaniac review by Martin Solibakke". Mancunion. Retrieved 28 April 2014.
- Orange, Michelle (2 April 2014). "Nymphomaniac: Part II rewards but doesn't reveal". The Village Voice. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
- David Stratton (22 March 2014). "Lars von Trier's Nymphomaniac explores sexual deviations". The Australian. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
- Margaret Pomeranz, David Stratton (25 March 2014). "At the Movies: Nymphomaniac". At the Movies. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
- "Lars Von Trier's Nymphomaniac Is A Terrible Movie - Thought Catalog". Thought Catalog. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- "Director's Cut reviews overview at Scope.dk". Scope. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- "Listing of current Danish cinema ticket sales at DFI.dk". Dfi.dk. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nymphomaniac (film).|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Nymphomaniac (film)|
- Official website
- Official website at Magnolia Pictures
- Nymphomaniac: Vol. I at the Internet Movie Database
- Nymphomaniac: Vol. II at the Internet Movie Database
- Nymphomaniac Volume 1 at Rotten Tomatoes
- Nymphomaniac Volume 2 at Rotten Tomatoes