North Rhine

Location of North Rhine province within the British Zone (1945-46)
Coat of arms of the province of North Rhine (without the Prussian eagle which had been placed in 1926 on the head of the shield of Rhine Province)

The Province of North Rhine (German: Provinz Nordrhein), also called North Rhine Province (Nordrhein-Provinz or Nord-Rheinprovinz), was a short-lived administrative region in the British occupation zone of Germany, which was formed from the northern part of the Rhine Province after the end of the Second World War.

It was formed on 5 June 1945 on the basis of the Berlin Declaration and the resulting creation of occupation zones for the victors of World War II out of the administrative regions (Regierungsbezirke) of Aachen, Düsseldorf and Cologne, which were all part of Prussia's Rhine Province. The southern part of Rhine province, consisting of the administrative regions of Koblenz and Trier became part of the French occupation zone on 5 June 1945. The division of the Rhineland, which had been united in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna under the Prussian crown, was thus pre-destined to be split between different governments and administrations - from summer 1946 into the states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate. Rhine Province existed until 20 October 1946. On that day the government formed in August 1946 for the state of North Rhine-Westphalia dissolved the upper councils of the provinces of North Rhine and Westphalia on the instructions of the British occupying power.[1]

The headquarters of the upper council or Oberpräsidium of North Rhine was initially in Bonn, but in October 1945 it moved to Düsseldorf (Landeshaus Düsseldorf). Its Oberpräsidents were Johannes Fuchs (centre, to October 1945) and the later federal minister, Robert Lehr, (CDU, from October 1945 to August 1946). They were under the occupying authority of John Ashworth Barraclough, the British military governor of the Province of North Rhine.

Part of the provincial responsibilities and authorities (e.g. the Landeskliniken) were later transferred to the Rhineland Regional Association.

See also


  1. "Repealing of the upper councils in Düsseldorf and Munster, site in the Internet portal, "Westphalian History", retrieved 17 November 2013.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 9/2/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.