Niuafoʻou language

Native to Tonga
Native speakers
(690 cited 1981)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 num
Glottolog niua1240[2]

Niuafoʻouan is the language spoken on Tonga's northernmost island, Niuafoʻou.

Niuafoʻouan has traditionally been classified as closest to ʻUvean and Tokelauan, in an East Uvean–Niuafo'ou branch. Others[3] suggest that it is closest to its neighbor, Tongan, as one of the Tongic languages. However, both groupings have been abandoned in the most recent classification, which did not include Niuafoʻouan.[4]


  1. Niuafo'ou at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Niuafo'ou". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Marck, Jeff (2000), Topics in Polynesian languages and culture history. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
  4. Austronesian Basic Vocabulary Database (2008)

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