|southwestern Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan, northeastern Congo (DRC), northern Uganda, western Kenya and northern Tanzania|
Region where Nilotic Languages are spoken
There are approximately seven million current speakers of a Nilotic Language. Nilotic peoples, who are native speakers of the language, originally migrated from all around Africa, primarily from the Nile River area. Modernly, Nilotic language speakers live in the Nilotic peoples region, which contains parts of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.
According to linguist Joseph Greenberg, the language family is divided up into three subgroups:
- Eastern Nilotic languages such as Turkana and Maasai
- Southern Nilotic languages such as Kalenjin and Datooga
- Western Nilotic languages such as Luo and Dinka
Blench (2012) treats the Burun languages as a fourth subgroup of Nilotic. In previous classifications, the languages were included within the Luo languages. Starostin (2015) treats the Mabaan-Burun languages as "West Nilotic" but outside the Luo level.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Nilotic". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- "the definition of Nilotic". Dictionary.com. Retrieved 2016-10-26.
- Payne, Doris. "Nilotic Family". pages.uoregon.edu. Retrieved 2016-10-26.
- Roger Blench (2012) Nilo-Saharan language list
- George Starostin (2015) The Eastern Sudanic hypothesis tested through lexicostatistics: current state of affairs (Draft 1.0)
- Creider, Chet A. (1989). The syntax of the Nilotic languages: Themes and variations. Berlin: D. Reimer. ISBN 3-496-00483-5.