Sir Nicolas Cheetham KCMG (8 October 1910 – 14 January 2002) was a British diplomat and writer.
Nicolas John Alexander Cheetham (son of Sir Milne Cheetham, also a diplomat) was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford. He entered the Diplomatic Service in 1934 and served at Athens, Buenos Aires, Mexico City and Vienna.
In 1948 Cheetham, in charge of the Allied Control Commission in Vienna, attended a meeting of the Anglo-Russian Society to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the Red Army. The Soviet commander-in-chief, General Vladimir Kurasov, made a speech claiming that Britain and the USA had helped Hitler to prepare for war against the Soviet Union, and were plotting a war themselves. Cheetham and the American envoy, Sidney Mellon, got up and walked out. Afterwards, in answer to a question in the House of Commons, the Foreign Secretary, Ernest Bevin, said that the Government fully endorsed Cheetham's action.
After retiring from the Diplomatic Service, Cheetham wrote historical books.
In 1936, he married Jean Evison Corfe, daughter of Lt.-Col. Arthur Cecil Corfe. They had two sons. After a divorce, he married in 1960 Lady Mabel Kathleen Jocelyn (1915–1985), daughter of the 8th Earl of Roden and former wife of Sir Richard Brooke, 10th Baronet (who himself remarried Cheetham's former wife).
- A History of Mexico, Hart-Davis, London, 1970. ISBN 0246640065
- Mexico: A Short History, Crowell, New York, 1971. ISBN 0690533896
- New Spain: the birth of modern Mexico, Gollancz, London, 1974. ISBN 0575013796
- Mediaeval Greece, Yale University Press, 1981. ISBN 0300024215
- Keepers of the Keys: the Pope in history, Macdonald, London, 1982. ISBN 0356085848
- A history of the popes, Dorset Press, 1992. ISBN 0880297468
- CHEETHAM, Sir Nicolas (John Alexander), Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2012
- Sir Nicolas Cheetham: Diplomat who remained unruffled by the icy exchanges of the early Cold War years (obituary) The Times, London, 13 February 2002, page 3
- Sir Nicolas Cheetham (obituary), The Telegraph, London, 23 January 2002
- Portraits of Sir Nicolas John Alexander Cheetham (1910-2002), Diplomat at the National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Leslie Fry
|Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Budapest
| Succeeded by|
Sir Ivor Pink
Sir Peter Garran
|Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at Mexico City
| Succeeded by|
Sir Peter Hope