Nguyễn Hoàng

Nguyễn Hoàng
Lord of Nguyễn Clan
Lord of Southern Vietnam
Nguyễn Lords
Reign 1558 1613
Predecessor Military Commander established
Successor Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên
Born 28/8/1525
Thanh Hóa Province
Died 20/7/1613
Burial Huế
Spouse Nguyễn Thị
Issue Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên
Full name
Nguyễn Hoàng
Posthumous name
Triệu Cơ Thùy Thống Khâm Minh Cung Ý Cần Nghĩa Đạt Lý hiển Ứng Chiêu Hựu Diệu Linh Gia Dụ Hoàng Đế
Temple name
Thái tổ
House Nguyễn Lords
Father Nguyễn Kim
Mother Nguyễn Thị Mai
Religion Buddhism

Nguyễn Hoàng (1525–1613) was the first of the Nguyễn lords who ruled the southern provinces of Vietnam between 1558 and 1613, from a series of cities: Ai Tu (1558–70), Tra Bat (1570–1600), and Dinh Cat (modern-day Huế) (1600–13).

Map of Vietnam showing the conquest of the South, Nguyễn Hoàng took over some of the yellow areas.

He was the second son of Nguyễn Kim. When his father was assassinated by a Mạc supporter, his brother-in-law Trịnh Kiểm took command of the Lê Loyalist army. Sometime after his older brother (Nguyen Uong) died (believed to have been poisoned), Nguyễn Hoàng requested his brother in law, and was appointed to govern the southern-most province of Vietnam. This land was formerly Champa territory which had been conquered by Lê Thánh Tông and at the time was under control of Mạc force. Nguyễn Hoàng defeated the enemy commander Duke Lập and took over the province in 1558. In 1573 he was given the title Grand Master (Thai-pho) by Emperor Le The Ton. Later he was given the title Duke of Mon (Mon Cong).

In 1592, when Trịnh Tùng laid siege to the Eastern Capital (modern-day Hanoi), Nguyễn Hoàng lend him resources and troops. The Nguyen army joined the Royal (Trịnh) army and helped destroy the remainder of the Mac army. For reasons that are mysterious, when the new Emperor, Lê Kinh Tông, ascended the throne, Nguyễn Hoàng refused to recognize the new sovereign and instead took for himself the new title of Good Prince (Huu Vuong) in 1600. Perhaps an explanation is found in that his nephew Trịnh Tùng had been given a similar title just one year earlier: Pacifying Prince (Binh An Vuong). Nguyễn Hoàng had many children (10 sons) but most of them either lost their lives in the battlefields or stayed in the North. His 6th son Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên succeeded him upon his death in 1613. He ruled the south for 55 years.

The reason Trịnh Kiểm appointed Nguyễn Hoàng to the Southern provinces is not clear. As anecdote goes, Trinh Kiểm, being afraid of losing power to Nguyễn brothers, ordered the assassination of Nguyễn Hoàng's older brother. As for Hoang, Trịnh Kiểm wanted to take advantage of Mạc's southern garrison troops to eliminate his brother in law.

Nguyễn Hoàng is considered as the founder of the Nguyen Dynasty and Southern Vietnam. In 2013, his 400th anniversary was celebrated in Hue.[1]

Preceded by
New title
Ruler of South Vietnam
Succeeded by
Nguyễn Phúc Nguyên



See also

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/14/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.