Newark Valley, New York

For other uses, see Newark Valley (disambiguation).

Newark Valley is a town in Tioga County, New York, United States. The population was 3,946 at the 2010 census. The town is named after the city of Newark, New Jersey.

The Town of Newark Valley contains a village also named Newark Valley. The town is located in the northeast part of the county and is northwest of Binghamton, New York.


The first permanent settlers arrived around 1791. This area was called Brown's Settlement and was part of the Town of Berkshire until it was organized as the "Town of Westville" in 1823. In 1824, the town changed its name to "Newark," at the suggestion of a settler from New Jersey, but then changed the name to Newark Valley in 1862, to avoid conflict with the name of a village in Wayne County.

One of the earliest settlers was Richard Sarles (1753-1849), a native of Bedford (town), New York and a veteran of the American Revolutionary War whose descendants share a common heritage albeit with various spelling permutations (Searles, Sarles, Sarlls). The area where he settled was known as Searlestown, between Newark Valley (village), New York and Flemingville Owego, New York, and the cemetery where he and over two dozen Newark Valley relatives and descendants are buried bears that same name.[1][2]

The Belcher-Holden Farm, Bement-Billings House, Blewer Farm, Daniel Chamberlain House, Morris Clinton House, Farrand-Pierson House, Lipe Farm, Maple Lawn Farm, John Settle Farm, Wade Farm, West Newark Congregational Church and Cemetery, and West Newark School House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[3]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.4 square miles (130.6 km²), of which, 50.3 square miles (130.4 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.16%) is water.

The east town line is the border of Broome County.

New York State Route 38 and New York State Route 38B intersect south of Newark Valley village.


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20143,838[4]−2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 4,097 people, 1,488 households, and 1,123 families residing in the town. The population density was 81.4 people per square mile (31.4/km²). There were 1,615 housing units at an average density of 32.1 per square mile (12.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.19% White, 0.37% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.66% of the population.

There were 1,488 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.5% were non-families. 19.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 103.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $40,983, and the median income for a family was $45,321. Males had a median income of $32,305 versus $23,777 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,577. About 4.7% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreation

There are three parks and recreation areas which are located in either the town or village of Newark Valley.

Communities and locations in the Town of Newark Valley


  1. Searlstown Cemetery, Tioga, NY as inventoried by Janet Searles Barrett
  2. The Searles Family of Rutland by historian Joyce Tice
  3. National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  4. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  5. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

Coordinates: 42°13′23″N 76°11′8″W / 42.22306°N 76.18556°W / 42.22306; -76.18556

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