New World crops
The phrase "New World crops" is usually used to describe crops that were native to North and South America before 1492 and not found anywhere else in the world at that time. Many of these crops have since come to be grown around the world and have often become an integral part of various old world cultures' cuisines.
|Grains||Little barley, maize (corn), maygrass, wild rice|
|Pseudograins||Amaranth, knotweed, goosefoot (quinoa), sunflower|
|Beans||Common bean, lima bean, peanut, scarlet runner bean, tepary bean|
|Fiber||Agave, yucca, long-staple and upland cotton|
|Roots and Tubers||Arracacha, arrowroot, jicama, Camas root, hopniss, leren, manioc (yuca, cassava), mashua or cubio, oca, potato, sweet potato, ulluco, yacon|
|Fruits||Avocado, blueberry, cherimoya, cranberry, curuba, feijoa, granadilla or lulo, guava (guayaba), huckleberry, papaya, pawpaw, passionfruit, peppers, pineapple, prickly pear (tuna), soursop, commercial strawberries, tomato, tomatillo|
|Melons||Chayote, squashes (including pumpkins)|
|Nuts||American chestnut, Black walnut, Brazil nut, cashew, hickory, pecan, shagbark hickory|
|Other||Achiote (annatto), canna, chicle (key ingredient in chewing gum and rubber), coca, cocoa, cochineal (red dye), logwood, maple syrup, poinsettia, rubber, tobacco, vanilla|
The new world developed agriculture about 1500 years after it was first practiced in part of the Fertile Crescent in the Middle East. The following table illustrates the crops that were grown and the chronology of domestication.
|8000 BC||Squash||Oaxaca, Mexico|
|8000-5000 BC||Potato||Peruvian Andes|
|6000-4000 BC||Peppers||Oaxaca, Mexico|
|5500 BC||Peanut||South America|
|4200 BC||Maize||Guerrero, Mexico|
|4000 BC||Common bean||Central America|
|2000 BC|| Sunflowers
|1500 BC||Sweet potato||Altiplano Cundiboyacense, Colombia|
- Columbian Exchange
- First agricultural revolution
- Neolithic founder crops
- Timeline of agriculture and food technology
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- "Cotton: The Fiber of Life". McGraw Hill. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
- Galindo-Tovar, María Elena; Arzate-Fernández, Amaury M.; Ogata-Aguilar, Nisao & Landero-Torres, Ivonne (2007). "The avocado (Persea americana, Lauraceae) crop in Mesoamerica: 10,000 years of history" (PDF). Harvard Papers in Botany. 12 (2): 325–334, page 325. doi:10.3100/1043-4534(2007)12[325:TAPALC]2.0.CO;2. JSTOR 41761865. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 October 2015.
- "History of Chocolate Timeline - Origin of Chocolate". thenibble.com.
- García, Jorge Luis. 2012. The Foods and crops of the Muisca: a dietary reconstruction of the intermediate chiefdoms of Bogotá (Bacatá) and Tunja (Hunza), Colombia (M.A.), 1–201. University of Central Florida. Accessed 2016-07-08.