New Caledonian legislative election, 2014

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
New Caledonia

Legislative elections were held in New Caledonia on 11 May 2014.[1] The result was a victory for the three anti-independence parties (Caledonia Together, Front for Unity and Union for Caledonia in France), which together won 29 of the 54 seats (48.85% of the votes, 53.7% of the seats) in the Congress.[2]

Electoral system

Voters elected 87 members to the territory's three Provincial Assemblies. In turn, 54 also become members of the Congress. Voting was restricted to people on the Special Roll, which excluded people who moved to New Caledonia after 1988.[3]

A total of 17 parties registered to contest the elections.[4]


The main issue at stake in the elections was independence from France. The elected Congress would be responsible for taking decisions on moving towards independence, as agreed in the Nouméa Accord, and an independence referendum will be held during the term of this Congress if there is a three-fifths majority in favour of holding one.[3] However, in the lead up to the elections, the pro-independence Kanak and Socialist National Liberation Front claimed that around 6,700 people on the Special Roll had moved to New Caledonia after 1988, and that 2,000 people who should have been on the Special Roll and were eligible to vote in the Territorial elections were not, the two figures equating to around 7% of registered voters.[3] In response, anti-independence groups claimed that 4,000 Kanaks should be removed from the electoral roll,[5] and that taking the issue to court would threaten a return to violence.[6]

A television debate was planned to discuss the electoral roll issue, but was cancelled at the last minute.[6] The United Nations sent a delegation to the territory in March 2014 to look into the controversy around the electoral lists, and to ensure that the Accords were upheld.[7] Although the French government approved the UN delegation, the anti-independence Union for New Caledonia within France and Caledonia Together opposed their presence.[7]


Party Votes % Seats +/–
Caledonia Together24,86323.3113+8
The Rally–UMP (Front for Unity)13,64912.797–6
Caledonian UnionFLINKS13,60212.759
Union for Caledonia in France12,53911.756New
Build Our Rainbow Nation12,28911.526New
National Union for Independence8,8768.326
Labour Party3,6783.451–2
National Front2,7062.5400
One Province for All[a]2,5612.402New
North Province Agreement[b]2,1912.051New
Convergence Country2,1902.050New
Party of Kanak Liberation2,0531.921
Aboriginal Dynamic1,566 1.471New
Union for Building the Loyalty Islands1,5641.471New
The Other Voice9390.880New
Invalid/blank votes1,410
Registered voters/turnout152,45769.95
Source: New Caledonia Government

a In coalition with Caledonia Together

b In coalition with the Front for Unity


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