|Coordinates: 26°09′N 68°15′E / 26.15°N 68.25°E|
|• D.D.O Power Holder (PITE)||Ghullam Rasool Zardari –(Deputy Director Admin&Fin)|
|• Total||4,239 km2 (1,637 sq mi)|
|• Density||240/km2 (600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
|Number of Talukas||4|
|Number of Union councils||51|
Nawabshah (Sindhi: نوابشاهه ) is a city in the Shaheed Benazir Abad District of Sindh province, Pakistan. It is the headquarters of the Shaheed Benazir Abad District and has a population of 1,135,131.
Nawabshah derives its name from Syed Nawab Shah, from the rich Syed Family of the area. In 1912, He donated 200 acres of land for a railway station to the British Empire. In his honour, the British named it Nawabshah. It is roughly the geographical center of Sindh province of Pakistan. By road it is 4 hours' drive from the country's largest city and commercial capital Karachi on the National Highway N-5, roughly 50 kilometres from left bank of River Indus. The central geographical location of the city makes it a major train and road transportation hub in the province. It was established by the British Government in 1913.
Area and population 2014
|Area||4,239 Square KM|
|Population (below 15 Years)||45%|
|Population (between 15–65 Years)||52.2%|
The city of Nawabshah is set in a lush agricultural region. The city is famous for its sugarcane, mango,Kappas and banana production. Nawabshah and its surrounding area produce a significant portion of the total banana production of Pakistan
The city is considered one of the hottest cities in Pakistan, with summer temperatures soaring as high as 53 °C. Temperatures above 45 °C are fairly common during late May and early June of the year. Winters start late, around mid-November, lasting to around mid-February, with night-time temperatures often reaching 4 °C, and temperatures below 0 occurring two or three times on average in January.
The highest temperatures each year in Pakistan, typically rising to above 50 °C (122 °F), are usually recorded in Nawabshah District and Sibi from May to August. The climate is generally dry and hot, but sometimes the temperature falls to 0 °C (32 °F). On January 7, 2011 temperatures dropped to −4 °C (25 °F) in the city.
Nawabshah is a railway junction for:
- Main Railway line, Lahore to Karachi.
- Metre Gauge Line, Nawabshah to Jam Saheb & Mirpurkhas.
- Feeder Lines, Padidan, Mahrabpur via Tharushah to Sakrand Nawabshah and Sakrand to Tando Adam via Hala (entire line abandoned/disused).
- N-5 National Highway passing through Sakrand and Daulatpur Talukas.
- Nawabshah Sakrand Road.
- Nawabshah Kazi Ahmed Road.
- Nawabshah—Sanghar Road.
- Nawabshah Kumb (Mehran Highway) via Bandhi and Daur.
- Nawabshah 60th Mile and Military Chaks.
- Nawabshah Jam Sahib.
- Desert area road, Jam Sahib – Preetamabad District Sanghar.
- Moro Bandhi Road.
- Other link roads connecting Taluka / District Headquarters and others town.
- Nawabshah Khadar road via Mian Shora
- Kathri Dahri`s village road daur
Nawabshah Airport is centered on the old (RAF) Royal Air Force World War II base, which is currently being used for commercial flights by Pakistan International Airlines (PIA), Air Blue, Shaheen Air and other local airline services. It is also an alternative to Karachi International Airport. Nowadays local flights can also be booked from Nawabshah to Jacobabad, Islamabad, Lahore, and Karachi.
The mausoleum of Thul Mir Rukun is an archaeological and historical tomb situated 15 kilometers away from the town of Daulatpur. A road from the town of Kazi Ahmed via Pabjo village leads to Thul Rukan, where one is able to reach this thousand-year-old archaeological construction. The height of this tomb is 60 feet from ground level. Henry Cousin, a British Archaeologist, wrote in his book "Sindhi's Archeology" (Sindhi Translation "Sindh Ja Qadeem Aasaar" by Ata Muhammad Bhambro) that the bricks used in the construction of this tomb were made and prepared in the Buddhist Rulers' period. The line painting for the birth of Gaotam Budh was clearly shown on the bricks, now preserved by the Sindh Archeological Department. He wrote that the ornaments, small effigies and statues were also found when the ground was dug around the tomb.
Chaheen Jo Daro is another archaeological site. It is near the village of Jamalkeerio 2 kilometers from Rohri Canal and 10 kilometers south side from Nawabshah.
The H.M KHOJA Annual Flower Show was introduced by H.M Khoja in 1954 at Khoja Garden. The event is celebrated for 3 to 4 days. It was first organized under the chairmanship of Madam Faryal Talpur in the first tenure of district Nazim Nawabshah and was organized by Khalid Hussain Channa Distt: Naib Nazim e Ala'a, and D.C.O. Nawabshah Abdul Razaque Qureshi. It was also organised under the social, educational writer and worker Mr. Muhammad Saleh Billoo when he restarted the Annual Flower Show from February 1988.
Schools, colleges, institutes, NGOs and universities
There are various educational institutions in the city, these include:
- Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology
- Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Sakrand
- Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Shaheed Benazirabad
- Peoples University of Medical and Health Sciences
- Fauji Foundation Model School,Society Nawabshah
- The City School, Senior Branch, Society Nawabshah
- AIR Foundation School System Nawabshah
- Govt. Habib College of Technology, Nawabshah
- Sujawal Academy Nawabshah (S.A.N)
- Karam Ali Jamali Welfare Trust(KAJWT), Nawabshah
- Govt. Degree (Boys) College, Nawabshah
- Govt. Degree (Girls) College, Nawabshah
- Govt. Islamia Girls higher secondary school Nawabshah
- Govt. Sachal Sarmast College, Nawabshah
- Govt. Shaheen Vocational Institute Nawabshah
- SZABIST College, Nawabshah
- Rangers Public School & College, Nawabshah
- Imperial Science College Sakrand Road Nawabshah
- Deaf Reach School and Training Centre, Nawabshah
- Nawabshah Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital, Nawabshah
- Govt. Boys High School Bandhi
- TES Public Higher Secondary School,Daur
- Provincial Institute of Teachers Education
- [Bilawal Institute of Historical and Research]
- Excellence College of Information Technology (ECIS)
- Shah Sachal Sami Foundation
- "Population Welfare Department". Sindh.gov.pk. Retrieved 2011-12-05.
- "Geo-coordinates in degrees (decimal)". World-gazetteer.com. Retrieved 2012-03-08.
- "Climatological Information for Nawabshah, Pakistan". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
- "Mercury dips to −4°C in Nawabshah | Latest news, Breaking news, Pakistan News, World news, business, sport and multimedia". Dawn.Com. 2010-10-13. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- "..:: SBBUVAS ::..". sbbuvas.edu.pk.
- "SBBU (Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University) SBA". sbbusba.edu.pk.
- "!!! PEOPLES UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL & HEALTH SCIENCES FOR WOMEN- SHAHEED BENAZIRABAD !!!". pumhs.edu.pk.
- "Website Move to New Domain". shahsachalsami.org.
- Nawabshah travel guide from Wikivoyage