National Captioning Institute
The National Captioning Institute (NCI) is a non-profit organization that provides real-time and off-line closed captioning, subtitling & translation, described video, web captioning, and Spanish captioning for television and films. Created in 1979 and headquartered in Chantilly, Virginia, the organization was the first to caption live TV and home video, and holds the trademark on the display icon featuring a simple geometric rendering of a television set merged with a speech balloon to indicate that a program is NCI-captioned. NCI also has offices in Dallas, Texas, and Santa Clarita, California.
- "Three Major Networks Plan to Offer Closed Captioning for Deaf". 10. InfoWorld. June 25, 1979. Retrieved August 12, 2015.