Nancy Cárdenas

Nancy Cárdenas (1934–1994) was a Mexican actor and writer. She was a playwright and one of the first Mexican people to publicly declare her homosexuality.


Cárdenas earned a doctorate in Philosophy and Letters at the National Autonomous University of Mexico,[1] studied staging at Yale University in the United States and took courses in Polish language and culture in Lodz.[2]

Radio, theater and cinema

Nancy Cárdenas began as a radio announcer at the age of 20 years, then became a stage actress. In the 1950s she participated in the reading program, Poetry Out Loud, directed by Hector Mendoza.[1]

In the 1960s she switched to writing. She published her first one-act play, El cántaro seco (The Empty Pitcher),[2] and began a career as a journalist for various magazines and on the culture pages of various newspapers.[1]

In 1970 she worked as a theater director on El efecto de los rayos gamma sobre las caléndulas (The Effect of Gamma Rays on Marigolds), which won the Association of Theatre Critics Prize.[2][3] She directed several successful plays, displaying certain political implications. She also devoted herself to film: she wrote, along with Carlos Monsivais, a documentary, México de mis amores, for the cinema, which she directed herself in 1979.[3]

From 1980 she devoted her time to writing plays and poetry. She died in Mexico on March 23, 1994 of breast cancer.[4]


At age 39, Cárdenas became the first publicly declared lesbian in Mexico[3] when, revealed her sexuality on the TV show 24 horas hosted by James Zabludovsky, during an interview about the firing of a gay employee.[1][2] In the 1970s, she pioneered the gay liberation movement in Mexico, elaborating on the subject in several television interviews.

She founded, in 1974, the first gay organization in Mexico, the Gay Liberation Front (FLH), of which she was a committed activist.[3] As a feminist and sexology specialist she also held numerous conferences, seminars and national and international television interviews on the subject.[1] In 1975, along with Carlos Monsivais, she wrote the Manifesto in Defense of Homosexuals in Mexico.[1] On October 2, 1978, during the march in celebration of the Tlatelolco massacre, she headed the first gay pride march in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas.[1]

A center for gay and lesbian activities was named in her honor: the Nancy Cárdenas Latin American and Mexican Lesbian Documentation and Historical Archives Center (CDAHL).[2]






  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Cervantes, Erika (2004). "Hacedoras de la Historia: Nancy Cárdenas". Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Gianoulis, Tina. "Cárdenas, Nancy (1934-1994)". Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Ávila, Livio (May 29, 2011). "Nancy Cárdenas: La mujer que cambió a México". Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  4. (March 30, 2004). "Nancy Cárdenas a 10 diez años de su muerte". Retrieved 25 May 2012.
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