Location in Spain

Coordinates: 42°25′N 2°44′W / 42.417°N 2.733°W / 42.417; -2.733
Country Spain
Autonomous community La Rioja
Comarca Nájera
  Mayor Marta Martínez García (PP)
  Total 37.44 km2 (14.46 sq mi)
Elevation 485 m (1,591 ft)
Population (2010)
  Total 8,404
  Density 220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Najerinos or Najerenses
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CET (UTC+2)
Website Official website

Nájera (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈna.xe.ɾa]) is a small town located in the "Rioja Alta" region of La Rioja, Spain on the river Najerilla. Nájera is a stopping point on the Way of St James.


The area attracted the Romans, who built the town of Tritium on land which now falls within the boundaries of Nájera and the neighbouring municipality of Tricio. Subsequently, the area was under Muslim rule and the name Nájera (Naxara meaning "town between the rocks") is of Arabic origin.

The town was conquered by Ordoño II of Leon for Navarre in 923. Nájera was the capital city of the kingdom of Navarre before being conquered by Castile in 1054 after the battle of Atapuerca. However, it continued to be multi-cultural. For example, in 1142 there was a visit from a French abbot Peter the Venerable. He used his visit to Spain to commission translations of important Islamic works, including the first translation of the Qur'an into a European language, and it has been suggested he met with his four translators at Nájera. From the tenth century Nájera had a prosperous Jewish community, which was granted relatively favorable legal status after the Christian conquest.

Edward, the Black Prince fought in the Battle of Nájera in 1367, intervening in a Castilian Civil War on behalf of Pedro of Castile.

See also Najara family, a Sephardic Jewish family, originally from Najera.

Main sights

The church of Santa María la Real was founded by García Sánchez III of Pamplona in 1052. It is the burial-place of Spanish kings. The monks had to abandon the annexed monastic complex in the 19th century, as a result of the anti-clerical reforms of Juan Álvarez Mendizábal.

Other sights include:

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nájera.

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/16/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.