For the ancient Murom Tribe, see Volga Finns.
Murom (English)
Муром (Russian)
-  City[1]  -

Murom train station

Location of Vladimir Oblast in Russia
Location of Murom in Vladimir Oblast
Coordinates: 55°34′N 42°02′E / 55.567°N 42.033°E / 55.567; 42.033Coordinates: 55°34′N 42°02′E / 55.567°N 42.033°E / 55.567; 42.033
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of April 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Vladimir Oblast[2]
Administratively subordinated to City of Murom[2]
Administrative center of Muromsky District,[3] City of Murom[2]
Municipal status (as of October 2011)
Urban okrug Murom Urban Okrug[4]
Administrative center of Murom Urban Okrug,[4] Muromsky Municipal District[5]
Head[6] Yevgeny Rychkov[6]
Population (2010 Census) 116,075 inhabitants[7]
- Rank in 2010 140th
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[8]
First mentioned 862
Postal code(s)[9] 602250
Dialing code(s) +7 49234
Official website
Murom on Wikimedia Commons

Murom (Russian: Муром; IPA: [ˈmurəm]; Old Norse: Moramar) is a historical city in Vladimir Oblast, Russia, which sprawls along the left bank of the Oka River. Population: 116,075(2010 Census);[7] 126,901(2002 Census);[10] 124,229(1989 Census).[11]


In the 9th century CE, the city marked the easternmost settlement of the East Slavs in the land of the Finno-Ugric people called Muromians. The Primary Chronicle mentions it as early as 862.[12] It is thus one of the oldest cities in Russia. Circa 900 CE, it was an important trading post from Volga Bulgaria to the Baltic Sea.

Between 1010 and 1393, it was the capital of a separate principality, whose rulers included Saint Gleb, assassinated in 1015 and canonized in 1071, Saint Prince Konstantin the Blessed, and Saints Peter and Fevronia, subjects of an opera by Rimsky-Korsakov. It was believed to be the home town of the most celebrated East Slavic epic hero, Ilya Muromets. The town has a statue which shows Ilya holding the hilt of his sword in the left hand and a cross in the right.

On June 30, 1961, Murom was the site of a spontaneous protest and riot against the police and Soviet authorities, following the death in police custody of a senior factory foreman named Kostikov.[13]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Murom serves as the administrative center of Muromsky District,[3] even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the City of Murom—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[2] As a municipal division, the territory of the City of Murom together with nine rural localities in Muromsky District are incorporated as Murom Urban Okrug.[1][4]


Murom still retains many marks of antiquity. The Savior monastery, one of the most ancient in Russia, was first chronicled in 1096, when Oleg of Chernigov besieged it and killed Vladimir Monomakh's son Izyaslav, who is buried there. In 1552, the monastery was visited by Ivan the Terrible who commissioned a stone cathedral, which was followed by other churches.

The Trinity convent, where the relics of Sts. Peter and Fevronia are displayed, features a fine cathedral (1642–1643), Kazan church (1652), a bell-tower (1652), a wooden church of St. Sergius, and stone walls. It is rivaled by the Annunciation Monastery, founded in the reign of Ivan the Terrible to house the relics of local princes and containing a cathedral from 1664. Two last-mentioned cathedrals, being probably the works of the same masters, have much in common with the Resurrection Church (1658) in the downtown. Quite different is the tent-like church of Sts. Cosmas and Damian, built in 1565 on the bank of the Oka to commemorate the Russian conquest of Kazan.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Murom is twinned with:

Notable people

Among notable natives are the father of color photography, Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky (1863), and the father of television, Vladimir Zworykin (1888).



  1. 1 2 3 Resolution #433
  2. 1 2 3 4 Law #130-OZ
  3. 1 2 Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 17 244», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 17 244, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  4. 1 2 3 Law #53-OZ
  5. Law #58-OZ
  6. 1 2 Official website of Murom Urban Okrug. Yevgeny Rychkov, Head of the Urban Okrug (Russian)
  7. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  8. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  10. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  11. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  12. Hazzard Cross; Samuel and Sherbowitz-Wetzor; Olgerd P. (1953). The Russian Primary Chronicle: Laurentian Text (PDF). Medieval Academy of America, Cambridge, MA. pp. 59–60.
  13. Kozlov, Vladimir A.; McClarnand MacKinnon, Elaine. Mass uprisings in the USSR: protest and rebellion in the post-Stalin years.


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