Mudaito Dynasty

The Mudaito Dynasty (Modaytó Dynasty) was the ruling dynasty of the Sultanate of Aussa (Sultanate of Awsa) in Ethiopia. It was founded by the Asaihemara Modaito clan of the Afars who came from the La'o and Doobi areas.


Main article: Sultanate of Aussa

The Sultanate of Aussa (Afar Sultanate) succeeded the earlier Imamate of Aussa. The latter polity had come into existence in 1577, when Muhammed Jasa moved his capital from Harar to Aussa (Asaita) with the split of the Adal Sultanate into Aussa and Sultanate of Harar. At some point after 1672, Aussa declined and temporarily came to an end in conjunction with Imam Umar Din bin Adam's recorded ascension to the throne.[1] The Sultanate was subsequently re-established by Kadhafo around the year 1734, and was thereafter ruled by his Mudaito Dynasty.[2] The primary symbol of the Sultan was a silver baton, which was considered to have magical properties.[3]


The following is a list of the Mudaito Dynasty rulers (Amoyta).

Reign start
Reign end
1734 1749
Kadhafo Mahammad ibn Kadhafo
1749 1779
Aydahis ibn Kadhafo Mahammad
1779 1801
"Asa" Aydahis ibn Mahammad ibn Aydahis
  • Afar: "Qasa" Aydacis Macammad
1801 1832 First official Amoyta
Hanfere ibn Aydahis
  • Afar: Canfaxe Aydacis
1832 1862
Mahammad "Illalta" ibn Hanfere
  • Afar: Macammad "Illalta" Canfaxe
1862 1902 Won the battle of Arraddo against Menelik II in 1896.
Mahammad ibn Aydahis ibn Hanfere
  • Afar: Macammad Aydacis
1902 c. 1910 Starting from 1902, the governorship of Mahammad ibn Aydahis was challenged by his cousins, the nine sons of his direct predecessor, Aydahis, Alimirah, Kadhafo, Hanfadhe, Alo and Yayyo (the later sultan)
Yayyo ibn Mahammad ibn Hanfere
  • Afar: Yayyo Macammad
c. 1902 1927
Mahammad Yayyo
  • Afar: Macammad Yayyo
1927 1944
AliMirah Hanfere
  • Afar: Qali Mirac Canfaxe
1945 Awsa incorporated into Ethiopia. 1975 Exiled in 1975
AliMirah Hanfere
1991 2011 Returned from exile in 1991
Hanfere AliMirah Hanfere
  • Canfaxe Qali Mirac
2011 proclaimed as Sultan

See also


  1. Abir, p. 23 n.1.
  2. Abir, pp. 23-26.
  3. Trimingham, p. 262.


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