Movable Type

This article is about the weblog software. For movable type printing technology, see Movable type.
Movable Type
Original author(s) Ben Trott
Developer(s) Six Apart
Initial release October 8, 2001 (2001-10-08)
Stable release
6.2.6[1] / June 22, 2016 (2016-06-22)
Development status Active
Platform Perl, PHP (for dynamic publishing)
Available in Dutch
Type Blog publishing system
License Proprietary software[2]

Movable Type is a weblog publishing system developed by the company Six Apart. It was publicly announced on September 3, 2001;[3] version 1.0 was publicly released on October 8, 2001.[4] The current version is 6.0.4.[5]

Movable Type is proprietary software. From June 2007 to July 2013, Six Apart ran the Movable Type Open Source Project, which offered a version of Movable Type under the GPL.[6]


Movable Type has several notable features, such as the ability to host multiple weblogs and standalone content pages, manage files, user roles, templates, tags, categories, and trackback links.[7]

The application supports static page generation (in which files for each page are updated whenever the content of the site is changed), dynamic page generation (in which pages are composited from the underlying data as the browser requests them), or a combination of the two techniques. Movable Type optionally supports LDAP for user and group management and automatic blog provisioning.

Movable Type is written in Perl, and supports storage of the weblog's content and associated data within MySQL natively. PostgreSQL and SQLite support was available prior to version 5, and can still be used via plug-ins.[8] Movable Type Enterprise also supports the Oracle database and Microsoft SQL Server.

As of 2014, Movable Type is offered in two editions under a proprietary license, Pro (for small to mid-sized businesses) and Enterprise (for large businesses, with additional features).[9]


Version 1.0 was released in October 2001. Movable Type 2.6 was released February 13, 2003.[10]

The TrackBack feature was introduced in version 2.2, and has since been adopted by a number of other blog systems.[11]

With the release of version 3.0 in 2004, there were marked changes in Movable Type's licensing, most notably placing greater restrictions on its use without paying a licensing fee.[12][13][14] This sparked criticism from some users of the software, with some moving to the then-new open-source blogging tool WordPress.[13][14] With the release of Movable Type 3.2, the ability to create an unlimited number of weblogs at all licensing levels was restored. In Movable Type 3.3, the product once again became completely free for personal users.[15]

Six Apart released a beta version of Movable Type 4 on June 5, 2007 and re-launched as a community site, for purposes of developing an open-source version that was released under the GNU Public License on December 12, 2007.[16][17] Movable Type 4's Enterprise version provides advanced features such as LDAP management, and enterprise database integration such as Oracle, MySQL, user roles, blog cloning, and automated blog provisioning. It is also available as part of Intel's SuiteTwo professional software offering of Web 2.0 tools.

Movable Type 5 was released in Open Source and Pro versions in January 2010,[18] with several bug-fix and security updates appearing later in the year. Movable Type Enterprise remains based on Movable Type 4.

Movable Type 6 was released in 2013; this release included the termination (once again) of the Open Source licensing option.[19] Movable Type is now available in "Professional" and "Enterprise" closed versions.

Melody was a fork of the open-source Movable Type distribution, announced in June 2009.[20] Its development was being guided by a non-profit group consisting of current and former Six Apart employees, as well as other consultants and volunteers, but development appeared to cease in the middle of 2011.[21]

At various times, Six Apart also maintained three other weblog publishing systems—TypePad, Vox, and LiveJournal. While Movable Type is a system which needs to be installed on a user's own web server, TypePad, Vox, and LiveJournal were all hosted weblog services.[22][23] LiveJournal, purchased in 2005, was sold in 2007. Shortly before being acquired by web advertising firm VideoEgg to form SAY Media in September 2010, Six Apart announced that it would be shutting down the Vox service at the end of that month, leaving TypePad and Movable Type as the company's only blogging platforms.[24] In January 2011, SAY Media announced that Infocom, a Japanese IT company, had acquired Six Apart Japan and that as part of the transaction, Infocom would assume responsibility for Movable Type.[25]

See also


  2. "Movable Type: Licensing Info". Retrieved December 7, 2013.
  3. Trott, Ben; Trott, Mena (September 3, 2001). "Welcome". Six Apart. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
  4. Trott, Mena (October 8, 2001). "Please Read Before Downloading". Six Apart. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
  5. Charlie, Gorichanaz (Sep 9, 2014). "MOVABLE TYPE 6.0.4 RELEASED". Six Apart.
  6. Minton, Robert (July 11, 2013). "Clarifying Changes to Movable Type Starting With MT6". Retrieved November 11, 2013.
  7. Hacker, Scot (2003). "Put Weblogs to Work: low-cost tools let you publish professional and personal sites instantly". Macworld. 9. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
  8. "Migrating to MySQL from SQLite or PostgreSQL". Six Apart. November 19, 2009. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
  9. "Download". Six Apart. Retrieved 2014-10-06.—lists the various versions of Movable Type and their costs
  10. "How old is your "old version" of Movable Type?". After6 Services. After6 Services. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  11. Trott, Ben; Trott, Mena. "A Beginner's Guide to TrackBack". Six Apart Ltd. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
  12. Trott, Mena (13 May 2004). "It's About Time". Six Apart. Archived from the original on 14 May 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
  13. 1 2 Miller, Rick (17 May 2004). "Changes at MT, Blogger Highlight Blog Hosting Strategies". NetCraft. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
  14. 1 2 "The cost of blogging". NetworkWorld. 13 May 2004. Archived from the original on June 30, 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
  15. "Six Apart Releases Movable Type Enterprise and Movable Type 3.3". Press Center. Six Apart. July 12, 2006. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
  16. "Welcome to the Movable Type Open Source Project". Six Apart. December 10, 2008. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
  17. Reisinger, Don (July 19, 2007). "Six Apart Movable Type 4.0 Beta". PC World. Retrieved August 27, 2010. Six Apart's Movable Type is widely recognized as the powerhouse of blogging tools because of its extensive management features and customizability.
  18. "Introducing Movable Type 5".
  19. "Clarifying Changes to Movable Type Starting With MT6".
  20. "Introducing Melody". Open Melody Software Group. June 22, 2009. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
  21. "What apocalypse hit this community in the middle of 2011?". MovableType forum.
  22. "TypePad". Six Apart. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
  23. "Vox". Six Apart. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
  24. "Vox is closing on September 30, 2010".
  25. "Six Apart Japan to be acquired by Infocom and assume responsibility for Movable Type and Six Apart brand".
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