City Paris
Broadcast area France
Slogan Mouv' on it
Frequency 92.1 MHz (Paris)
95.2 MHz (Toulouse)
96.4 MHz (Marseille)
First air date 17 June 1997
Format urban music, French music, electronic dance
Language(s) French
Owner Radio France

Mouv' (formerly Le Mouv') is a French youth-oriented radio station which began broadcasting on 17 June 1997. As part of Radio France, it is a public radio station. The station primarily plays youth-oriented music, centreed on urban music and hip hop. Initially based in Toulouse, it moved to Paris in December 2001. It relaunched on 2 February 2015 with its slogan Mouv on it. Previously the radio station assumed an alternative rock identity, its slogan L'esprit Rock was a way of life and a style as well as a type of music.[1]


Radio 7 (1980-1988)

Le Mouv' is Radio France's second attempt at serving a young audience. Its first, Radio 7 was created on 2 June 1980.[2] Radio 7 was launched to counteract the numerous radios libres and pirate stations which heralded the opening of the FM band to private operators initiated by former President François Mitterrand in 1981. Radio 7 had a commercial-free rock-based format. It closed down in 1988, with its Paris transmitter converted into a rolling news format, the first of its kind in Europe, called France Info.

Le Mouv' - The new project (1997-2000)

A second attempt was to be launched in 1997. Michel Boyon, then President of Radio France, remarked that the average age of the public radio audience was progressively getting older. Enlisting the help of Olivier Nanteau,[3] on 17 June 1997, Le Mouv' launched, in place of Radio France Toulouse which closed down. At the same time it also signalled the end of local public programmes as Le Mouv' aimed to become a national station. The launch of a public youth station was criticised by private radio groups, which stated that Radio France had no business entering commercial markets.

At the start of programmes, Le Mouv' initially had an eclectic format, mixing pop, rock and electronic dance music mixed with practical information for its young audience. By 1998 the media regulator CSA attributed 21 new FM frequencies to the network in small to medium-sized towns (such as Angers, Poitiers, Valence).

1999 saw Radio France President Jean-Marie Cavada give Le Mouv' six months to improve the audience share, which in Toulouse, remained static at 0.6%.[4] However other stations within the Radio France group were threatened with closure, especially several FIP stations outside Paris, for example FIP Lyon.[5] Station manager Marc Garcia changed strategy by installing a new, stable schedule with a new musical format, centered around the new rock music scene, adding a new slogan - L'esprit rock (The spirit of rock), with the result of gaining a 1.8% share in the Toulouse area.

Out of the towns, into the cities (2000-2002)

Radio France put in place a vaste re-organisation of its frequencies for the year 2000. In its Plan Bleu it outlined, amongst other things, that Le Mouv' would be heard in larger markets, with significant university populations.[6] Le Mouv's coverage area in the smaller towns of France were to be handed over to the France Bleu network of local stations, whilst FIP stations in the bigger cities were to be closed for Le Mouv'. Le Mouv' thus appeared in Marseille, Lille, Lyon, Nantes, as well as Ajaccio, Brest, Rennes and Valence.[7] This suscitied a number of protests in the cities concerned.[8][9] Audience share in Toulouse reached 3.4% by 2001. A new frequency for Clermont-Ferrand came on-air in November 2001, followed by strong protests from private radio groups.[10] However Radio France announced the arrival of Le Mouv' in Paris, backed up by a visible marketing campaign.[11] TDF Transmitter work aimed at improving Radio France network stations on FM made it possible to re-utilise a frequency already used by France Musiques.[12] Le Mouv' started broadcasts in the Paris region on 6 December 2001 with its first private concert held in March 2002.[13] This gave the station a potential coverage of 16 million people, with 100,000 listeners in its first set of results in 2003.[14]

Going digital (2002–2010)

October 2002 marked the station's fifth birthday, a new logo for the network was unveiled. However, after five years at the helm Station manager Marc Garcia left in 2002 to take another role within Radio France. A new frequence in the Lozère region was re-activated after indignation of the network being removed infavour of France Bleu Gard Lozère. Frédéric Schlesinger took over the running of Le Mouv' in 2003. In 2004 the station achieved its first national audience share of 1.1%, which is close to 550,000 listeners.[15] The figure rose in 2005 with 650,000 national listeners and a 1.3% share.[16] In Paris-Île-de-France it achieved a 1.3% share.

New frequencies for the station were opened in Montpellier in 2006, Bordeaux and Lorient 2007, Besançon and Rouen in 2008 and in Tours in 2010. Future frequencies have been cleared for Amiens, Grenoble, Annecy and Saint-Étienne.[17] Le Mouv' launched its first La Mouv'Party tour, which took place in Nantes, Bordeaux, Lille and Bordeaux before ending in Paris 7 March 2008. In 2009 le Mouv' launched its current website, offering for the first time audio on-demand.

Facing falling audience share (0.7% nationally by 2009[18]), Le Mouv' reduced its music quota from 90% to 70%. Station director Hervé Riesen declared that Le Mouv' was "no longer a music station, but musically dominant", adding it is moving away from its previous 18-25 demographic, now aiming to target 18- to 30-year-olds with more speech and discussion programmes.[19]

In June 2010 Radio France President Jean-Luc Hees addressed in an open letter to staff in Toulouse plans for Le Mouv' to relocate to Maison de la Radio in Paris, home of Radio France network operations.[20] The move was completed in December, bringing an end to 14 years of broadcasting from Toulouse, and ending the policy of national public broadcasting outside the French capital. Meanwhile, rumours of an expansion of the France Bleu local network in the Toulouse area were rife, after Mr Hees addressed staff in Toulouse three days after the launch of France Bleu Maine in Le Mans. The rumours were confirmed in February 2011, when France Bleu Toulouse launched, with ex-Mouv' station manager Vincent Rodriguez named station director. Mr Hees additionally wanted Le Mouv' to double its audience, stating it rarely climbed above the 1% national mark,[21] remarking that after 13 years, it "isn't addressing the audience it is aiming for".[22]

Unstable times (2010-2015)

In 2012, Le Mouv' reached 215,000 listeners (0.6% share), with 31 transmitters covering a potential 32 million people. However the following year saw it fall towards a 0.5% share. Since 2009 its share has never reached higher than 1%, with the station's record audeice reaching 1.3% in 2004.

According to Les Echos, Le Mouv represented 2.6% of Radio France's total expenditure in 2013 (15 million euro). Media personality Arthur, then owner of Paris-based Oui FM proposed to merge Le Mouv' with his station, prompting a response from station director Joël Ronez, affirming that public service broadcasting was 'not for sale' and not a bank of transmitters for private operators to profit from' [23][24]

In its report of 2013, media regulator CSA noted the frequent editorial changes contributed to eroding the station's audience, recommending parent group Radio France to stabilise itself in order that it can find an audience.[25]

Le Mouv' stunted for a month, playing continuous music with a few news flashes. Following the Charlie Hebdo shooting it provided a special programme on 9 January 2015, two days after the attack [26]

Mouv' - new name, new format (2015-present)

Radio France registered the trademark "Mouv'" and its new slogan "Mouv on it" with the French Intellectual property office on 23 December 2014.[27][28]

On 2 February, Le Mouv' changed its name to become simply Mouv',[29][30] with a new musical format focused of hip-hop and urban culture. It was set the goal of reaching 1% share of national listening, (approximately 500,000 listeners) before December 2016.

In Radio France's audit report of April 2015,[31] it was revealed that the station never reached its listenership target share of 1.5%, last achieved in 2009; the average age of their listener rose from 28 to 34 and the cost of running the station almost doubled (from 4.5 million euro in 2004 to 8.7 million euro in 2013). The report also outlined that the station's attempt to emulate France Inter's format under the stewardship of Patrice Blanc-Francard (then aged 70 years old) was a failure, and noted its frequent changes of direction cued a loss of listeners, whilst its running costs rose. One of its recommendations was to transform Mouv' into a web radio station.

For the first four months of 2015 (and its last two as "Le Mouv'), ratings for the station rose from 0.6% to 0.9% share, yet its online listenership fell by 22% for the same period, according to audience measurement service, OJD.

Matthieu Gallet, President Director-General of Radio France explained, in front of the Senate that wishes to keep running Mouv', even though the costs of its national FM network was 'non-negligible'. Gallet gave the station 18 months to find its target audidence, with the option of removing Mouv' from FM to become digital-only, either in the form of a web radio station or via digital radio (even though Radio France is currently absent from DAB).



Current Le Mouv' Podcasts[32]

Title Title translation Presenter(s) Topic
Allô la Planète [33] Hello Planet Travelling abroad
Bande Dessinée Cartoon Strip Philippe Audoin
Chronique Musique Musical Chronicle Francis Viel
Environnement Environment Elisabeth Bonneau Environmental issues
Infos Connectées avec Jean Zeid
La Matinale du Mouv' Thomas Barbazan, Yassine Belattar
Le Forum du Mouv' Eric Lange
Le Midi 2 Noon 2 Amaelle Guiton, Philippe Dana
Les Bonnes Idées Good ideas Philippe Audoin
Les Choix d'Emilie Emily's Choices Emilie Mazoyer
Minute culturelle Cultural minute Cug' & Westrou Cug' & Westrou explain an aspect of French or world culture
Plan B... pour Bonnaud Plan B... for Bonnaud Frédéric Bonnaud
Pourquoi et Comment How and Why
Tir dans la lucarne Vivian Cuguillère

See also


  1. Le Mouv
  2. Radio 7 fan website
  3. Communique de Presse de Radio France, RadioActu, published 31 July 1997
  4. Le Mouv' given six months to improve audience share, RadioActu, published 8 June 1999
  5. FIP Lyon threatened with closure, RadioActu , published 14 December 1999
  6. "Radio France - Les Locales se mettent au Bleu - Actualité radio". RadioActu. 2000-07-24. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
  7. Opening of three new frequencies, RadioActu, published 23 November 2000
  8. Marseille studio occupied, RadioActu, published 23 October 2000
  9. "FIP - Les syndicats et les auditeurs indignés - Actualité radio". RadioActu. 2000-10-19. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
  10. A battle around a new frequency - radioActu, published 113 November 2001
  11. "Le Mouv' - Une campagne d'envergure à Paris - Actualité radio". RadioActu. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
  12. Le Mouv' to air in Paris from 8 December - RadioActu, published 6 December 2001
  13. First Parisian concert - RadioActu, published 26 March 2002
  14. "Le Mouv' - Premier point d'audience en Ile-de-France - Actualité radio". RadioActu. 2003-07-29. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
  15. Le Mouv's first national audience point - RadioActu, published 16 April 2004
  16. Le Mouv' - Strong audience progression - RadioActu, published 28 January 2001
  17. Radio France, seven frequencies pre-empted in Rhone-Alpes, RadioActu, published 8 November 2010
  18. "Fin d'histoire au Mouv", LibéToulouse, published 4 June 2010
  19. "Le Mouv' n'est plus une radio musicale". France 2, published 21 September 2009
  20. Staff at Le Mouv' respond to Jean-Luc Hees' open letter - RadioActu, published 28 May 2010
  21. Jean-Luc Hees wants to double audience -RadioActu, published 27 October 2010
  22. "On a un produit qui ne s'adresse pas au public auquel il est destiné"". Jean-Luc Hees an aficionado of digital terrestrial radio - RadioActu, published 9 October 2010
  23. Le Mouv' avoids a mooted merger of Oui FM and Le Mouv', Les Echos
  24. Oui FM ogles Le Mouv's frequencies, Les Echos
  25. CSA report, 2013.
  26. Le Mouv' the only station not to cover the attacks
  27. INPI registration
  28. INPI registration
  29. Le Mouv' becomes Mouv' - Le Figaro
  30. Le Mouv loses its "Le"
  31. "Radio France: Reasons for the crisis, the Path to Reform" - Cours des comptes
  32. le mouv' | le mouv'
  33. Allo la planète Podcast'
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