Moroccan constitutional referendum, 2011

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A referendum on constitutional reforms was held in Morocco on 1 July 2011. It was called in response to the protests that took place earlier in the year demanding democratic reforms. A commission was to draft proposals by June 2011.[1] A draft released on 17 June foresaw the following changes:[2][3][4]

The changes were reportedly approved by 98.49% of voters. Despite protest movements calling for a boycott of the referendum, government officials claimed turnout was 72.65%.[5][6]

Following the referendum, early parliamentary elections were held on 25 November 2011.


The set of political reforms approved consisted of the following:[7]

Placard for "yes" in Moroccan referendum on constitution change of 1st of July 2011 (decided as a reaction to protests of Arab spring), still present on July 3 (it should have been removed on 30 of June). The "yes" is associated with a picture of King Mohammed VI who announced he would vote for the new constitution. The add is supported by inhabitants of the old Portuguese district of El Jadida.


Moroccan constitutional referendum, 2011[20]
Choice Votes %
Referendum passed Yes 9,653,492 98.50
No 146,718 1.50
Valid votes 9,800,210 99.17
Invalid or blank votes 81,712 0.83
Total votes 9,881,922 100.00
Registered voters and turnout 13,451,404 73.46


  1. "Morocco to vote on new constitution". AFP. 9 March 2011.
  2. "König will Teil seiner Macht abgeben" (in German). Der Standard. 18 June 2011.
  3. "Moroccan Islamists 'could reject constitution'". AFP. 13 June 2011.
  4. "Morocco King to lose some powers, remain key figure". Reuters. 17 June 2011.
  5. 1 2 "Morocco approves King Mohammed's constitutional reforms". BBC News. 2 July 2011.
  6. "Moroccans approve new constitution by sweeping majority". People's Daily Online. 2 July 2011.
  7. "Q&A: Morocco's referendum on reform". BBC News. 29 June 2011.
  8. A standardized version of the 3 native Berber languages of Morocco: Tachelhit, Central Atlas Tamazight and Tarifit.
  9. 1 2 Article 5 of the 2011 Moroccan constitution
  10. Article 47 of the 2011 Moroccan constitution
  11. 1 2 3 1996 Moroccan constitution
  12. Article 46 of the 2011 Moroccan constitution
  13. Article 91 of the 2011 Moroccan constitution
  14. Article 49 of the 2011 Moroccan constitution
  15. 1 2 3 AFP. "Maroc: la réforme constitutionnelle préconise de limiter certains pouvoirs du roi". Parisien. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
  16. Article 71 of the 2011 Moroccan constitution
  17. Article 107 of the 2011 Moroccan constitution
  18. "Moroccan King Calls for Prompt Parliamentary Elections". Voice of America. 30 July 2011.
  19. Driss Bennani, Mohammed Boudarham and Fahd Iraqi. "nouvelle constitution. plus roi que jamais". Telquel. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
  20. "Morocco: Referendum Results". Morocco Board News Service. 3 July 2011.
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