Montes de Toledo

This article is about the mountain system. For other uses, see Montes de Toledo (disambiguation).
Montes de Toledo

View of one of the eastern ranges in Cabañeros National Park
Highest point
Peak La Villuerca
Elevation 1,603 m (5,259 ft)
Coordinates 39°30′45″N 04°43′53″W / 39.51250°N 4.73139°W / 39.51250; -4.73139
Length 350 km (220 mi) E/W
Width 100 km (62 mi) N/S

Location of the Montes de Toledo System in the Iberian Peninsula

Countries Spain and Portugal
Communities Castile-La Mancha, Extremadura and Alto Alentejo
Range coordinates 39°22′48″N 4°29′30″W / 39.38°N 4.4917°W / 39.38; -4.4917Coordinates: 39°22′48″N 4°29′30″W / 39.38°N 4.4917°W / 39.38; -4.4917
Orogeny Alpine
Age of rock Tertiary
Type of rock Sedimentary rock

The Montes de Toledo are one of the main systems of mountain ranges in the Iberian Peninsula. They divide the drainage basin of the Tagus from the basin of the Guadiana. The highest peak is 1,603 m high La Villuerca.[1]


The Montes de Toledo are located in the central regions of the Iberian Peninsula, cutting transversally from east to west across the lower portion of the Meseta Central. The length of the Montes de Toledo is 350 km and their maximum width up to 100 km near Sonseca and Puertollano.

The eastern Montes de Toledo ranges form one of the natural limits of the historical La Mancha region in Castile-La Mancha and the western end, including the ranges forming the broader Montes de Toledo, reaches into Portalegre District, Portugal.[2]


Geologically the series of ranges making up the system were formed by Alpine orogeny, but unlike the Central System further north the Montes de Toledo comprise an older terrain of elongated belts of folded and thrust faulted sedimentary rocks that is quite heavily eroded.[3]

The geological structure of the Montes de Toledo is similar to the geology of the Appalachians and akin as well to the geology of the Sierra Morena range further south.[4]


The Montes de Toledo are divided in the following physiographic longitudinal sectors or zones:

Main ranges and features

A dehesa, traditional pastoral management in the Montes de Toledo 
Montes de Toledo landscape in puerto de Los Santos (Ciudad Real) with the Sierra de la Virgen on the right 
Scree slopes in the Montes de Toledo 
View of Sierra de Altamira near Carrascalejo 
View of Marvão peak in Serra de São Mamede 
San Pablo de los Montes below the Sierra de San Pablo 
Puerto de los Santos mountain pass across Sierra de la Calderina in Villarrubia de los Ojos municipal term 
Mountains above Robledillo village near Robledo del Mazo 
View of Sierra de la Palomera above Castañar de Ibor 
Sierra de Villuercas and Santa Lucia Dam 
View of Alburquerque with the Sierra de San Pedro in the horizon 

Protected areas

See also


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