|Comune di Monteriggioni|
Panorama of Monteriggioni.
Location of Monteriggioni in Italy
|Coordinates: 43°23′24.01″N 11°13′23.95″E / 43.3900028°N 11.2233194°E|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Siena (SI)|
|Frazioni||Abbadia a Isola, Badesse, Basciano, Belverde, Castellina Scalo, Ceppo, Colonna di Monteriggioni, Fontebecci, Quercegrossa, Riciano, Santa Colomba, Scorgiano, Stomennano, Strove, Uopini|
|• Mayor||Angelo Fantucci|
|• Total||99 km2 (38 sq mi)|
|Elevation||200 m (700 ft)|
|Population (31 December 2010)|
|• Density||93/km2 (240/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Maria S.ma Assunta|
|Saint day||15 August|
Monteriggioni is a comune in the province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany. It borders on the communes of Casole d'Elsa, Castellina in Chianti, Castelnuovo Berardenga, Colle di Val d'Elsa, Poggibonsi, Siena and Sovicille. The town is architecturally and culturally significant; it hosts several piazzas, and is referenced in Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy.
Monteriggioni is a medieval walled town, located on a natural hillock, built by the Sienese in 1214–19 as a front line in their wars against Florence, by assuming command of the Via Cassia running through the Val d'Elsa and Val Staggia to the west.
During the conflicts between Siena and Florence in the Middle Ages, the city was strategically placed as a defensive fortification. It also withstood many attacks from both the Florentines and the forces of the Bishop of Volterra. In 1554 the Sienese were able to place control of the town's garrison to Giovannino Zeti, who had been exiled from Florence. In 1554, in an act of reconciliation with the Medicis, Zeti simply handed the keys of the town over to the Medicean forces - considered a "great betrayal" by the town's people.
The roughly circular walls, totalling a length of about 570 metres (1,870 ft) and following the natural contours of the hill, were built between 1213 and 1219. There are 14 towers on square bases set at equidistance, and two portals or gates. One gate, the Porta Fiorentina opens toward Florence to the north, and the other, the Porta Romana, faces Rome to the south. The main street within the walls connects the two gates in a roughly straight line.
The main piazza, the Piazza Roma, is dominated by a Romanesque church with a simple, plain façade. Other houses, some in the Renaissance style (once owned by local nobles, gentry and wealthy merchants) face into the piazza. Off the main piazza smaller streets give way to public gardens fronted by the other houses and small businesses of the town. In more hostile times, these gardens provided vital sustenance when enemies gathered without.
Other sights in the town's countryside include:
- Badia of Santi Salvatore e Cirino, at Abbadia Isola, a Romanesque abbey from the mid-12th century.
- Romanesque church of San Lorenzo a Colle Ciupi
- Romanesque Pieve of Santa Maria a Castello, known since as early as 971
- Romanesque-Gothic hermitage of San Leonardo al Lago
- Villa Santa Colomba
|“|| però che, come su la cerchia tonda
Montereggion di torri si corona,
così la proda che 'l pozzo circonda
torreggiavan di mezza la persona
li orribili giganti, cui minaccia
Giove del cielo ancora quando tuona.
|— Dante Alighieri, Inferno canto XXXI, lines 40-45|
|“|| As with circling round
Of turrets, Monteriggioni crowns his walls;
E’en thus the shore, encompassing the abyss,
Was turreted with giants, half their length
Uprearing, horrible, whom Jove from heaven
Yet threatens, when his muttering thunder rolls.
|— as translated by Henry Francis Cary during the years 1805–1844|
- Preschools (Scuole dell'Infanzia): C. Collodi, Don Muzzi, and Pinocchio
- Elementary schools (Scuole primare): I. Calvino, G. Rodari, and Don L. Milani
- One junior high school (Scuola secondaria di 1° grado): Scuola Media Statale "Dante Alighieri"
- Population data from Istat
- "Tuscany Tours - Chianti tour n. 1". Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- Crump, Vincent (April 6, 2008). "Step up for Europe's top treks". London: The Sunday Times. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
- "Strutture Educative." Monteriggioni. Retrieved on October 22, 2016.
- Home. Istituto Comprensivo Statale di Monteriggioni. Retrieved on October 22, 2016.
- Home. International School of Siena. Retrieved on October 22, 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Monteriggioni.|
|3D model of Monteriggioni Castle (linked at Sketchfab).|