Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar

For other people named Muhammad Ali, see Muhammad Ali (disambiguation).
Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar
محمدعلی شاه قاجار

Shahanshah of Persia
Shah of Persia
Reign 3 January 1907  – 16 July 1909
Predecessor Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar
Successor Ahmad Shah Qajar
Born (1872-06-21)21 June 1872
Amol, Persia
Died 5 April 1925(1925-04-05) (aged 52)
Sanremo, Italy
Spouse Malekeh Jahan
Full name
Mohmmad Ali Shah
Dynasty Qajar
Father Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar
Mother Taj ul-Mulk (Umm al-Khakan)
Religion Shia Islam

Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar (Persian: محمدعلی شاه قاجار) (21 June 1872 – 5 April 1925, Sanremo, Italy) was the sixth king of Qajar Dynasty, Shah of Persia from 8 January 1907 to 16 July 1909.


He was against the constitution that was ratified during the reign of his father, Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar. In 1907 Mohammad Ali dissolved the parliament and declared the Constitution abolished because it was contrary to Islamic law.[1] He bombarded the Majles (Persian parliament) with the military and political support of Russia and Britain.[2] In July 1909, pro-Constitution forces marched from Persia's provinces to Tehran led by Sardar As'ad, Sepehdar A'zam, Sattar Khan, Bagher Khan and Yeprem Khan, deposed the Shah, and re-established the constitution. On 16 July 1909, the parliament voted to place Mohammad Ali Shah's 11-year-old son, Ahmad Shah on the throne. Mohammad Ali Shah abdicated following the new Constitutional Revolution and he has since been remembered as a symbol of dictatorship.

Having fled to Odessa, Russia (present day Ukraine), Mohammad Ali plotted his return to power. In 1911 he landed at Astarabad, Persia, but his forces were defeated.[1] Mohammad Ali Shah returned to Russia, then in 1920 to Constantinople (present day Istanbul) and later to San Remo, Italy, where he died on 5 April 1925 (bur. Shrine of Imam Husain, Karbala, Iraq). Every Shah of Persia since Mohammad Ali has died in exile.

His son and successor, Ahmad Shah Qajar was the last sovereign of the Qajar dynasty.[3]


Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar with Mirza Mohammad Ebrahim Khan, the Moavin al-Dowleh, and Company
A 2000 Dinar/2 Qiran coin of Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar era


Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar had eight children from two marriages. From his first wife he had one son. From his second marriage to Princess Malekeh Jahan daughter of Prince Kamran Mirza Nayeb os-Saltaneh, he had seven children. The oldest child, Gholam Hossein Mirza, died in infancy.

List of Prime Ministers

See also


  1. 1 2 Donzel, Emeri “van” (1994). Islamic Desk Reference. ISBN 90-04-09738-4. p. 285-286
  2. "BBC Persian".
  3. Soltan Ali Mirza Kadjar, 'Mohammad Ali Shah: The Man and the King', in: Qajar Studies. Travellers and Diplomats in the Qajar Era. Journal of the International Qajar Studies Association, volume VII, 2007.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar.
Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar
Born: 21 June 1872 Died: 5 April 1925
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mozaffar al-Din Shah Qajar
Shah of Persia
Succeeded by
Ahmad Shah Qajar
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