The name was also applied as an alternative term for the gold dinar, a coin that was used throughout much of the Islamic world from the 8th century onward and survived in parts of Africa until the 19th century. The name of Mozambique's currency since 1980, the metical, is derived from mithqāl.
From Arabic: مثقال (mithqāl, “weight, unit of weight”), from Arabic: ثقل (thaqala, “to weigh”). Other variants of the unit in English include miskal (from Persian or Urdu Arabic: مثقال [misqāl]), mithkal, mitkal, and mitqal.
|Unit||Mithqāl||Gold Dinar||Dirham||Gram||Troy Ounce||Ounce||Grain|
An Indian mithqāl contains 4 maashas and 3½ rata'ii.
"Mithqal" in another more modern calculation is as follows:
1 Mithqāl = 19 nākhuds
1 Mithqāl = 3.642 g = 0.117 oz
9 Mithqāls = 32.778 g = 1.054 oz
19 Mithqāls = 69.198 g = 2.225 oz
95 Mithqāls = 349.99 g = 11.125 oz
- Johnson, Marion (1968), "The Nineteenth-Century Gold 'Mithqal' in West and North Africa", The Journal of African History, Cambridge University Press, 9 (4): 547–569, doi:10.1017/s0021853700009038, ISSN 0021-8537, JSTOR 180144
- "Metical" in Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa com Acordo Ortográfico. Porto: Porto Editora, 2003-2015. Accessed 1 April 2015. (Portuguese)
|Look up mithqal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|