Miraflores District, Lima
Location of Miraflores in the Lima province
|Coordinates: 12°07′03″S 77°02′35″W / 12.11750°S 77.04306°WCoordinates: 12°07′03″S 77°02′35″W / 12.11750°S 77.04306°W|
|Founded||January 2, 1857|
|• Mayor||Jorge Muñoz|
|• Total||9.62 km2 (3.71 sq mi)|
|Elevation||79 m (259 ft)|
|Population (2005 census)|
|• Density||9,600/km2 (25,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PET (UTC-5)|
Miraflores is a district of the Lima Province in Peru. It is an exclusive residential and upscale shopping district south of downtown Lima. It is also one of the most affluent districts that make up the city of Lima. It has various hotels (including the Hilton, the JW Marriott, and the Belmond), restaurants, bars, nightclubs, and department stores. Miraflores is one of the main tourist attractions in Lima.
Founded as San Miguel de Miraflores, it was established as a district on January 2, 1857. As a result of the Battle of Miraflores fought during the War of the Pacific, Miraflores got the designation of Ciudad Heroica ("Heroic City"). The current mayor is Jorge Muñoz. The district's postal code is 18.
- North: San Isidro and Surquillo
- East: Surquillo and Santiago de Surco
- South: Barranco and Santiago de Surco
- West: Pacific Ocean
Climate Miraflores has a marine climate, characterized by mild, humid, and comfortable conditions. Temperatures oscillate from 13 °C (55 °F) to 18 °C (64 °F) in winter, and from 20 °C (68 °F) to 30 °C (86 °F) in summer. Low clouds are frequent, especially during winter, when morning drizzles are not uncommon. Heavy rain is almost unseen.
The only pre-Inca ruin remaining in Miraflores, Huaca Pucllana (formerly Hispanicized as Juliana) can still be seen. The Spanish town of Miraflores was established in the 16th century. However it was merged into the Lima Metropolitan Area as the city expanded during the early 20th century. During the War of the Pacific (1879–1885), the district was the scene of the Battle of Miraflores. Two thousand people died as a result and the district was sacked and burned by Chilean invaders.
According to a 2002 estimate by the INEI, the district has 92,815 inhabitants and a population density of 9,648.1 persons/km². In 1999, there were 27,489 households in the district.
Culture and education
The district is also a cultural center, with theaters, cinemas and art galleries. It also has a pre-Inca mud-brick temple called the Huaca Pucllana, one of a number of archaeological sites found in Lima.
There are public and private schools in Miraflores. Schools are divide into Primary (grades 1-6) and Secondary School (grades 1-5). Because school is only 11 years the University education is 5 years (undergraduate). Some private schools in Miraflores are: Markham, Pestalozzi, Villa Maria Miraflores, Alexander Von Humboldt, St. George's College, Nuestra Señora del Carmen and María de las Mercedes. The school year start in March and end in December. The Humboldt I campus of the Deutsche Schule Lima Alexander von Humboldt (Colegio Peruano Alemán Alexander von Humboldt), a German international school, is located in Miraflores.
In terms of education, the Miraflores district lodges some of the most prestigious private schools in Peru, such as Markham College, and San Silvestre School (British schools), Deutsche Schule Alexander von Humboldt Lima (German school), and Pestalozzi (Swiss school. It also lodges the University of Piura and the Raúl Porras Barrenechea Institute of the National University of San Marcos.
The district is full of hotels, cafés, pubs, restaurants and shops, which draw large crowds of the local population on Sundays. Parque Kennedy, Miraflores' central plaza, regularly has flea markets and art exhibitions. Larcomar, a shopping mall overlooking the Pacific coast, is located in Miraflores, and is very popular among tourists, young people, and the middle and upper classes. There are restaurants, stores, a food court, ice cream shops, arcades, bowling alleys, nightclubs, bars, and the most modern cinema in Lima.
The main tourist attractions include La Huaca Pucllana, Kennedy Park, the church of the Miraculous Virgin (Iglesia Virgen Milagrosa), the Lover's Park (Parque del amor), Larcomar, and Calle de las Pizzas (Pizza Street). The Calle de las Pizzas, located in downtown Miraflores, is a favourite among the youth, foreigners and locals alike; it has many pubs, and as it name implies, offers not only drinks but also varieties of pizzas.
Miraflores has always been a major hub for tourists in Lima. There are a number of hotels in the area, including a couple of international hotel brands. Furthermore, there are several shops selling souvenirs and tourist products. The Miraflores Park Hotel is one of the district's five-star hotels.
The Costa Verde ("green coast") area has several beaches, which draw surfers and beachgoers during the summertime. However, these rocky beaches are not as popular with bathers as the large, sandy beaches in the districts south of Lima, such as Santa María del Mar, Punta Hermosa and Punta Negra. La Marina Lighthouse is located on the cliffs overlooking the Costa Verde.
Paragliders launch from the coastal cliffs, providing there is enough wind.
Private schools include:
- Colegio Pestalozzi (Swiss school)
The École Nouvelle/Escuela Nueva, now the Lycée Franco-Péruvien, was established in Miraflores in 1950. It moved to its current location in Monterrico in 1960.
- "Direcciones"/"Adresse." Deutsche Schule Lima Alexander von Humboldt. Retrieved on 16 March 2015. "Humboldt I: Av. Benavides 3081 Ingreso: Marko Jara Schenone s/n. Miraflores (Lima 18) – Perú" and "Humboldt II: Av. Benavides 3572 Surco (Lima 33) – Perú" and "Centro recreativo Huampaní:[or]Schullandheim: Alto de la Luna s/n Huampaní"
- "Directory: World Airlines." Flight International. March 23–29, 2004. "Lan Peru" 98.
- "Our Offices in Peru." Aeroperú. August 13, 1997. Retrieved on March 14, 2010.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 20–26, 1996. "Aeroperu" 44.
- "Ubicación." Colegio Pestalozzi. Retrieved on April 25, 2016. "Avenida Ricardo Palma 1450 Urb. Aurora - Miraflores - Lima"
- "." Colegio Carmelitas. "Calle 15 de enero 330 - Miraflores - Lima"
- "Historia." Lycée Franco-Péruvien. Retrieved on 7 May 2015.
- Pensacola Sister Cities
- Miraflores travel guide from Wikivoyage
- (Spanish) Municipalidad de Miraflores - Miraflores District Council official website
- (Spanish) Museo de Sitio Huaca Pucllana (Pucllana Museum Site)
- (Spanish) Huaca Pucllana Photo Gallery - Huaca Pucllana in Miraflores Photo Gallery
- Miraflores A Magnificent City - Pictures
- 5.03 Gigapixel Photo of Miraflores - 5.03 Gigapixel Photo of Miraflores
- Street View of Miraflores Larco Mar
|San Isidro||Santiago de Surco|
|Pacific Ocean||Pacific Ocean||Barranco|