Serbian Armed Forces
|Serbian Armed Forces|
Emblem of the Serbian Armed Forces
Serbian Army |
Serbian Air Force and Air Defence
|Commander-in-Chief||President Tomislav Nikolić|
|Minister of Defence||Zoran Đorđević|
|Chief of the General Staff||General Ljubiša Diković|
|Military age||18 years of age for voluntary military service|
3,573,091 males, age 16-49 (2010 est.),|
3,537,415 females, age 16-49 (2010 est.)
43,945 males (2010 est.),|
41,080 females (2010 est.)
|Budget||€452 Million (2015)|
|Percent of GDP||1.8% (2013)|
Zastava Arms |
Fabrika automobila Priboj
|Annual exports||$755 million (2014)|
|History||Military history of Serbia|
|Ranks||Military ranks of Serbia|
The Serbian Armed Forces (Serbian: Војска Србије / Vojska Srbije) are the armed forces of Serbia. The armed forces consist of the Serbian Army and the Serbian Air Force and Air Defence. The Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces is the President of the Republic. The Serbian Armed Forces are a professional and volunteer based military. Serbia exercises civilian control of the military through the Ministry of Defence.
The 1804 Serbian Revolution, started with a Serbian rebellion against the Ottoman occupation of Serbia. The victories in the battles of Ivankovac, Mišar, Deligrad and Belgrade, led to the establishment of the Principality of Serbia in 1817. The subsequent Second Serbian Uprising led to full independence and recognition of the Kingdom of Serbia and weakened the Ottoman dominance in the Balkans. In 1885 Serbia had a war against Bulgaria. In 1912, the First Balkan War erupted between the Ottoman Empire and the Balkan League (Serbia, Greece, Montenegro and Bulgaria). The victories in the Battle of Kumanovo, Battle of Prilep, Battle of Monastir, Battle of Adrianople, Siege of Scutari resulted in the defeat of the Ottoman Empire and its expulsion from the Balkans. Shortly after, the Second Balkan War broke out when Bulgaria, dissatisfied with the division of territory, declared war against its former allies, Serbia and Greece. Following a string of defeats, Bulgaria requested an armistice and signed the Treaty of Bucharest, formally ending the war.
Serbia's independence and growing influence threatened neighboring Austria-Hungary which led to the Bosnian crisis of 1908–09. Consequently, since 1901, all Serbian males between the ages of 21 to 46 were liable for general mobilization. Following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia under the pretense that Serbia was responsible for the assassination, marking the beginning of the First World War. Serbia repelled three consecutive invasions by Austria, securing the first major victories of the war for the Allies, but was eventually overwhelmed by the combined forces of the Central Powers and forced to retreat through Albania to the Greek island of Corfu.
The Serbian Armed Forces are commanded by the General Staff corp of senior officers. The general staff is led by the Chief of the General Staff. The chief of the general staff is appointed by the President who is the Commander-in-Chief. The current Chief of the General Staff is General Ljubiša Diković.
Following the 2006 reorganization, the armed forces consist of the following service branches:
Serbian Air Force and Air Defense
The Serbian Air Force and Air Defence is the aviation and anti-aircraft defence based component of the armed forces consisting of: aviation, anti-aircraft, surveillance and reconnaissance units.
The reserve force is composed of an active reserve and passive reserve. The active reserve force numbers 2,000 members, while the passive reserve totals about 1.7 million citizens with past military training or experience.
The Serbian Armed Forces actively take part in several multinational peacekeeping missions.
|Country||Mission||Number of personnel|
|Cyprus||UNFICYP||1 staff officer, 2 observers, 6 non-commissioned officers and 37 infantry|
|Central African Republic||MINUSCA||2 staff officers, 2 observers, 68 medical infantry|
|DR Congo||MONUC||2 staff officers, 2 doctors and 4 technicians|
|Ivory Coast||UNOCI||3 officers as military observers|
|Lebanon||UNIFIL||8 staff officers, 5 national support element and 164 infantry|
|Liberia||UNMIL||5 officers as military observers|
|Middle East||UNTSO||1 officer|
|Somalia||EUTM Somalia||Medical Corps team including 1 staff officer, 1 doctor and 3 medical technicians|
|Somalia||EUNAVFOR||2 OHQ staff officers, 1 OHQ non-commissioned officer, 1 FHQ staff officer and 12 members of AVPD|
- Equipment of the Serbian Army
- Military history of Serbia
- Military Intelligence Agency VOA
- Military ranks of Serbia
- Military Security Agency VBA
- "The World Factbook".
- The Military Balance 2015, p 149-152, International Institute for Strategic Studies
- "Министарство одбране Републике Србије - Актуелне мултинационалне операције".
- agencies, InSerbia with (21 December 2014). "Serbia lacks money to purchase new equipment for its army".
- SIPRI military expenditure database (2013)
- "OFANZIVA: Srbija naoružava Ameriku i Evropu". via kurir.rs. 16 September 2009. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
- "Serbian Army in WWI".
- "Министарство одбране Републике Србије - Министар одбране".
- "Iz stroja pravo na posao" (in Serbian). Večernje novosti. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Military of Serbia.|