Military Order of Italy

Military Order of Italy

Republican Breast star of a Military Knight Grand Cross
Awarded by  Italy
Type Order of knighthood
Eligibility Military personnel
Awarded for Valour
Status Extant
Established 14 August 1815
Next (higher) Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
Next (lower) Order of Merit for Labour

The Military Order of Italy (Italian: Ordine Militare d'Italia) is the highest military order of the Italian Republic and the former Kingdom of Italy. It was founded as the Military Order of Savoy, a national order by the King of Sardinia, Vittorio Emanuele I, Duke of Savoy in 1815.[1] The order is awarded in five degrees for distinguished wartime conduct of units of the armed forces or individual personnel that has "proven expertise, a sense of responsibility and valour."

The order was continued on the unification of Italy in 1861 and was revived, under its new name, following the foundation of the Republic in 1946.[2] It is bestowed by decree of the President of the Italian Republic, head of the order, on the recommendation of the Minister of Defence.


Recipients of the Ordine militare di Savoia were transferred retaining their existing accoutrements and seniority.

The insignia of a Military Knight of Italy

The various degrees of the order, which may be conferred posthumously, are as follows:

Monarchy Republic Class (English) Full title in Italian
1st Class / Knight Grand Cross Cavaliere di Gran Croce dell'Ordine militare d'Italia
2nd Class / Grand Officer Grande Ufficiale dell'Ordine militare d'Italia
3rd Class / Commander Commendatore dell'Ordine militare d'Italia
4th Class / Officer Ufficiale dell'Ordine militare d'Italia
5th Class / Knight Cavaliere dell'Ordine militare d'Italia

The lowest of these may also be awarded for peacetime actions.


See also


  1. Founded by Letters Patent dated 14 August 1815, renewed by Royal Decree on 27 September 1855 and 28 March 1857
  2. Under Legislative Decree of the Provisional Head of State No. 15 of 2 June 1947, renewed by Law No. 199 of 27 March 1952
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