Metso Oyj
Public company
Traded as Nasdaq Helsinki: MEO1V
Industry Industrial machinery
Predecessor Valmet, Rauma Oy
Founded 1999 (1999)
Headquarters Helsinki, Finland
Key people
Mikael Lilius (Chairman), Matti Kähkönen (President and CEO)
Products Industrial company serving the mining, construction, recycling, oil and gas, pulp, paper and process industries.
Revenue €2,977 million (2015)[1]
€555 million (2015)[2]
Profit €442 million (2015)[1]
Total assets €3,209 million (end 2015)[2]
Total equity €1,444 million (end 2015)[2]
Number of employees
12,000 (end 2015)[1]

Metso is an industrial machinery company focusing on providing technology and services for mining, aggregates, and oil and gas, recycling, pulp and paper and other process industries. The company employs 12,000 people in 50 countries. Metso’s shares are listed on the NASDAQ OMX Helsinki, Finland.[1]


Metso was created through the merger of Valmet and Rauma in 1999. In 2013, Metso demerged into two separate companies: Metso Corporation and Valmet Corporation.


Metso was created on July 1, 1999 through the merger of Valmet, a paper and board machine supplier, and Rauma, which focused on fiber technology, rock crushing and flow control solutions.

In 1998 Rauma’s businesses included:

The new company had overlapping operations and to some extent the same customer base too. The purpose of the merger was the will to grow particularly in process technology. For a bigger company it seemed to be easier to survive better in international markets. The company’s scope of business became more diversified than before and there were critics of the merger saying that easier growth would have been achieved if the two companies would have each acquired a competitor in their own core business sector.

The new company had offices in 50 countries and 32,000 employees after a personnel reduction of 2,000 people, and it operated in four sectors:

  1. Paper machines
  2. Forest machines (divested in 2001)
  3. Fiber technology
  4. Rock crushing plants

The name for the new company was sought in an employee contest. There were 3 suggestions for the name Metso among the total 6 500 suggestions. All the three who had suggested the name Metso received a monetary prize. Metso is the Finnish word for Wood Grouse, also known as The Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus), Heather Cock or Capercaillie. Wood Grouse is found across Europe lives e.g. in Finnish pine forests. Metso’s logo mimics the shape of the wings of a Wood Grouse.[3]


Sundberg and Hakala did not stay that long in Metso’s management. Tor Bergman became the new President and CEO in 2001. In 2001, Metso’s net sales were EUR 4.7 billion, and it had 28,500 employees.

The new Metso Group was divided into three business areas:

  1. Fiber and Paper Technology
  2. Automation and Control Technology
  3. Machinery

The merger of Valmet and Rauma had given direction to the company’s future focus on

This formed Metso’s three main business areas:

  1. Metso Paper
  2. Metso Minerals
  3. Metso Automation

Business operations outside the core businesses were divested. For example, in 2000, Metso acquired the roll cover business and paper machine servicing operations, including paper machine technologies, from the American paper machine manufacturer Beloit (corporation), and the American John Deere aka Deere & Company acquired the forest machine manufacturer Timberjack from Metso. In 2001, Metso acquired the Swedish Svedala Industri AB, a manufacturer of rock and minerals processing equipment.

In 2002, Metso announced that it would not achieve its profit targets for two years, and a loss in excess of EUR 300 million was recorded for July–September. The reason for difficulties was Svedala. In 2003, a loss of over EUR 200 million was recorded and in September 2003, President and CEO Bergman was forced to resign because of the company’s poor results. Jorma Eloranta was selected as Bergman's successor. He started in March 2004.

Between 2004 and 2007, Metso’s net sales increased from EUR 3.6 billion to EUR 6.3 billion, and the profit margin rose from 5.5 percent to 9.3 percent. During Eloranta’s tenure, Metso increased its net sales and improved its financial performance for 19 consecutive quarters (2004-2008).

Metso’s business functions had divided into three sectors (Metso Paper, Metso Minerals and Metso Automation) with over 28,000 employees and net sales of EUR 6.4 billion. In fact, at that point, it was Metso’s best year ever in terms of operating profit and net sales, but the rapidly weakened market situation in the second half of the year forced Metso to initiate sizable measures to adjust its operations.

By 2008, Metso had become Finland’s ninth largest company and the number of Metso shareholders had increased from 25,000 to 42,000. Metso strengthened its market position and service capacity in growing markets, particularly in India and China. During 2008, the expansions to the Ahmedabad foundry and the Bawal factory in India were completed.

Metso also purchased the paper machine technology of Japanese Mitsubishi Heavy Industries’ (MHI), making Metso the sole owner of Beloit’s paper machinery intellectual property globally.

In September 2008, Metso sold 83% of its foundry in Sweden to an investment group assembled by the Primaca investment company. The Metso Foundries Karlstad unit specialized in casts of wind power components, diesel engine blocks and Yankee cylinders for paper machines.

By 2009, half of Metso’s orders received in 2009 came from emerging markets, compared to less than one fifth in 1999. In the same year, Metso entered into a combination agreement with Tamfelt, one of the world’s leading suppliers of technical textile. Subsequently, Metso made a public exchange offer for all of Tamfelt’s shares.[4]

In the first half of 2009, Metso laid off over 700 employees and shut down several small units in e.g. Tampere, Turku, Oulu and Hollola. The operations of the shut-down units were integrated with the Järvenpää and Jyväskylä units. Metso’s strategy for the 2000s was to manufacture wide, high-speed paper machines and discontinue its traditional paper machine concepts.


Matti Kähkönen was appointed the new President and CEO of Metso Corporation on March 1, 2011. Previously, Kähkönen had headed Metso’s Mining and Construction segment. Despite the global economic uncertainty, Metso’s profitability grew steadily in 2011. The services business, with a value of over three billion euros, accounted for about 40 percent of orders received in 2011.

In September 2012, Metso announced the need for a personnel reduction of more than 600 Finnish employees in several of its business units serving the paper industry and paper production. The reason for the reductions is structural change in the industry and due to that the weakening of paper business unit’s competitiveness and profitability: competition has increased, demand for paper machine and foundry products has weakened. Customers want cheaper solutions than before. Metso had planned to give extra dividend for its shareholders but after the decision of paying dividends while cutting staff was criticized e.g. by personnel and the Finnish politics the decision was cancelled.

In 2012, Metso agreed to form a joint venture with China’s LiuGong Group to develop the track-mounted crushing business in China, consolidated its valve operations in the United States into new premises in Massachusetts and opened a new valve supply and service center in Vadodara, India. In the same year, Metso acquired the Korean valve manufacturer Valstone Control Inc., U.S. software company ExperTune Inc. and 75 percent of the Chinese crushing and screening equipment producer Shaorui Heavy Industries.

Metso Recycling business offers metal and waste recycling equipment and services globally. On September 1, 2011, Metso announced that the Recycling business would be managed as a separate entity while Metso reviews other strategic alternatives for it. As part of this process, Metso evaluated both external and internal options. On October 25, 2012, Metso announced that Metso Recycling will be integrated into Mining and Construction as of December 1, 2012.[5]

In August 2013, Metso closed the acquisition of Chinese manganese steel foundry JX. [6]

2013 company demerge

On October 1, 2013, the Extraordinary General Meeting approved the demerger of Metso into two companies.[7] At the start of 2014, Metso Corporation’s Mining and Construction business and Automation business formed the new Metso Corporation and Metso’s Pulp, Paper and Power business formed a new independent company under the name Valmet Corporation.

In December 2013 Metso reduced its holding in Valmet Automotive to approximately 41%. As a result of this arrangement, Valmet Automotive ceased to be a Metso subsidiary.[8]

In 2015, Metso divested its Process Automation Systems (PAS) business to Valmet and focusing on the mining and aggregates industries and on the flow control business.[9]


Corporate governance

Metso’s President and CEO as well as Chairman of the Executive Team is Matti Kähkönen.[10]

Metso’s Board of Directors

Metso’s Board includes the following members.[5]

Metso Executive Team

The Executive Team includes the following members.[10]

Minerals processing

Products and services

For minerals processing in the mining, aggregates and recycling industries, Metso’s offering includes crushers, screeners, mining solutions, grinding mills, conveyors, solutions for bulk materials handling as well as process, pyro processing and recycling equipment. In addition, Metso’s provides spare parts, wear parts and life-cycle solutions.[1]


Metso Mining and Construction is among the market leaders in grinding mills, mining crushers, and in crushing and screening plants for the construction industry. Its biggest competitors in the mining industry include FLSmidth, Outotec and ThyssenKrupp, and in the construction industry Terex, Atlas Copco, Caterpillar and Sandvik.[11]

Flow control

Metso Automation's premises in Hakkila of Vantaa, Finland.

Metso’s Automation segment supplies process industry flow control solutions, automation and information management systems and applications, and services. The business sector was formed in 1999 through the merger of the process automation systems manufacturer Valmet Automation and Neles Controls, a manufacturer of valves and flow control systems.

It consists of three businesses: Process Automation Systems, Flow Control and Services. In 2012, the biggest of the businesseswas Flow Control (net sales of EUR 449 million). In the same year, the Services business net sales were EUR 217 million, and in Process Automation Systems business EUR 194 million.[12]

Products and services

In addition to expert and life-cycle services, the business area offers its customers[12]


The customers of Metso Automation operate in the power generation, oil, gas, pulp, paper, mining and construction industries.[12]


Metso’s competitors in automation systems include ABB Group and Honeywell, and in valves Emerson Process Management, General Electric and Flowserve. Metso Automation is a market leader in valves and automation solutions for the pulp and paper industry.[12]


Metso’s share is listed on the Helsinki Stock Exchange.[13] The share was previously traded also on the New York Stock Exchange, but the listing there ended on September 14, 2007 and now, in the US, it is exchanged on the over-the-counter (OTC) market.[13]


Metso’s biggest registered shareholders on September 30, 2016 were:[14]

Recognitions and awards

In 2012, Metso employee Mika Viljanmaa, received the SEK 2 million Marcus Wallenberg Prize, which is often dubbed “the Nobel Prize of the forest industry”.[15] Viljanmaa is a prolific innovator who has a total of 120 protected inventions, 57 of them related to metal belt technology. He received the prize for his groundbreaking development of metal belt calendering used in paper and board making.[15] Metal belt calendering technology improves the surface properties of paper, increases production efficiency, lowers the use of fiber raw materials, and enables pressing and drying applications.[15] Compared to conventional calendering, metal belt calendering produces a smoother finish on paper and board.[15] The initial research and tests with the technology were conducted in 1996–2000, and the first application was deployed in 2006. Today the global production capacity based on the technology is 2.2 million tons per year.

In January 2014, Metso's mobile crushing plant Lokotrack LT106 received an honorable mention in the Fennia Prize 2014 design competition for its strong industrial design input, usability and serviceability, and a safer working environment.[16]


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Annual Review 2015" (PDF). Metso. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  2. 1 2 3 "Financial Statement 2015" (PDF). Metso. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  3. "The late 1990's - Metso is born on Metso's website". Metso. Retrieved 2014-02-06.
  4. "21st century - Acquisitions and divestments". Metso. Retrieved 2012-02-06.
  5. 1 2 Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. "Metso is acquiring a manganese steel foundry in China". Metso. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
  7. "Metso's demerger approved by the Extraordinary General Meeting". Metso. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  8. "Metso Corporation's holding in Valmet Automotive to be reduced as part of internal asset restructuring". news. Metso. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  9. "Divestment of Metso's Process Automation Systems business to Valmet completed". news. Metso. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  10. 1 2 "Metso's management on Metso's website". Metso. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
  11. "Mining and Construction on Metso's website". Metso. Retrieved 2013-05-14.
  12. 1 2 3 4 "Automation on Metso's website". Metso. Retrieved 2013-05-14.
  13. 1 2 "Metso share on Metso's website". Metso. Retrieved 2012-10-29.
  14. "Top shareholders on Metso's website". Metso. Retrieved 2016-10-12.
  15. 1 2 3 4 "Resource saving metal belt calendering giving better paper surface awarded the 29th Marcus Wallenberg Prize on The Marcus Wallenberg Foundation's website". The Marcus Wallenberg Foundation. Retrieved 2012-10-29.
  16. "Metso's crusher design awarded honorable mention in Fennia Prize design competition".
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