Mervyn Middlecoat, 1965
|Birth name||Mervyn Leslie Middlecoat|
12 December 1971|
|Buried at||Remains not found|
|Service/branch||Pakistan Air Force|
|Years of service||1954–1971|
|Rank||Wing Commander (Lieutenant Colonel)|
|Unit||No. 9 Squadron Griffins|
|Commands held||No. 9 Squadron Griffins|
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965|
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Operation Amritsar Radar
Arab Israel war 1968
Wing Commander Mervyn Leslie Middlecoat (July 1940 – 12 December 1971) was an Anglo-Indian fighter pilot in the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) who was involved in a number of aerial battles during the 1965 and 1971 Indo-Pakistani wars, before being shot down on 12 December 1971. He was credited with several air-to-air kills and was one of a number of distinguished Pakistani strike and fighter pilots of the period. Before his death he was stationed in Karachi, Pakistan where he flew the F-104 Starfighter.
Middlecoat was born to an Anglo-Indian family in Ludhiana, India, in July 1940. His parents were Percy and Daisy Middlecoat. He received his early education at St. Anthony's High School (Lahore) and Lawrence College Murree. Middlecoat joined the PAF, passed out of the 16th General Duty Pilot (GDP) Course in 1954, and won the Best Performance Trophy in ground subjects.
Soft-spoken and mild mannered, Middlecoat was considered to be the epitome of an officer and a gentleman, besides also being an outstanding pilot. Although he flew a number of different aircraft during his service career, he came to master the F-104 Starfighter.
The 1965 War
The first PAF F-104 that landed in Pakistan was flown by Mervyn Middlecoat. F-104s were inducted in the 9th Squadron (known as Griffins)] which is the first fighter squadron of the PAF.
He would later command the squadron as a Squadron Leader and was doing so during the 1965 war. Leading from the front, he kept the spirits of his boys high and guided his pilots in a highly professional manner.
During the three-week war, Middlecoat flew 17 air defence sorties and three photo reconnaissance missions over forward Indian airbases. For his leadership and devotion to duty, he was awarded the Sitara-i-Jurat, the third highest award in the Pakistani military, in 1965.
The 1971 War
Promoted to Wing Commander, at the outbreak of war on 3 December 1971 Middlecoat was on a training visit abroad in Egypt. He was one of the six strike command officers who were selected to conduct the aerial operation "Amritsar Radar", and was assigned to attack the heavily defended Indian airbase at Jamnagar on 12 December, the day after his return.
After strafing aircraft parked on the runway, Middlecoat and his wingman were forced to abort their mission after they were bounced by two IAF MIG-21 aircraft from No. 47 Squadron IAF. Middlecoat quickly reduced altitude, and maintained a high speed. He managed to deflect the first missile but, at a range of just 300 metres (330 yd), he was shot down over the Gulf of Kutch. The Indian pilot that shot him down, Flight Lieutenant Bharat Bhushan Soni, saw Middlecoat eject into the Arabian Sea, and contacted a nearby IAF base to send a rescue team; however, he was nowhere to be found when they reached the site. Middlecoat had ejected in shark infested waters and it was considered unlikely that he survived. Declared missing in action, he was posthumously awarded a Bar to the Sitara-i-Jurat. His remains were never found. The aviator king Hussein of Jordan wrote to Middlecoat's widow stating that his death was a personal loss for the King, requesting to bury him with the Jordanian national flag under his head if he was to be wrapped in the Pakistani flag. Middlecoat had fought for the King earlier during the Six Day War with Israel.
His citation read:
On the outbreak of war on 3rd December 71, Wing Commander Mervyn L Middlecoat was on a training visit abroad. He returned to Pakistan immediately and joined operations with such keen interest that he inspired all squadron pilots. The day after his arrival he was detailed on a strike mission to the heavily defended Jamnagar airfield. While returning after the successful mission he was engaged by 2 enemy Mig-21s. In the encounter his aircraft was hit by an enemy missile. He was heard to be ejecting in Indian territory and was officially declared missing in action. For his devotion to duty, determination and courage he was awarded a Bar to the Sitara-i-Jurat and Sitara-i-Basalat. (See PAF History 1989)
- Hali, S.M. (2000). "F-104 Starfighters in Pakistan Air Force". Defence Journal. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
- The Express Tribune, 11 November 2012
- Hali, S.M. (1998). "PAF's Gallant Christian Heroes Carry Quaid's Message". Defence Journal. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- "Supersonic Air Combat: The 1971 Liberation War". Vayu Aerospace & Defence Review. 23 (1). 1997. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
- Jagan Mohan and Chopra 2005, p. 336.
- Rakshak, Bharat. "IAF MiG-21s at War". Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- Jagan Mohan, P.V.S; Chopra, Samir (2005). The India-Pakistan Air War of 1965. New Delhi: Manohar Books. ISBN 81-7304-641-7.
- Bowman, Martin W.; Vogelsang, Matthias (2001). Lockheed F-104 Starfighter. Marlborough: Crowood Press. ISBN 1-86126-314-7.